博碩士論文 106429016 詳細資訊




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姓名 張祺芳(Chi-Fang Chang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 經濟學系
論文名稱 出口、外人直接投資與勞動產出份額:中國的實證研究
(Export, Foreign Direct Investment and Labor Output Share : Evidence from China)
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摘要(中) 自全球化的時代起,勞動所得份額便有下降的趨勢,加入世界貿易組織後中國也面臨著相同的問題,全球化是否為中國勞動所得份額下降的主要因素?內陸地區與沿海地區地理位置的不同,全球化對勞動所得份額的衝擊是否有差異?
本論文使用中國統計年鑑1998年至2017年30個省份(排除西藏)的縱橫資料進行實證分析,結果發現加入世界貿易組織後,進出口貿易對勞動所得份額有負向顯著的影響,而中國技術進步有資本累積的傾向,漸漸地資本替代勞工的情況增加,使勞工獲得的報酬也隨之下降;區隔相關性高的變數後,研究開發帶來的技術進步對勞動所得份額的影響為負向顯著。進出口貿易對內陸地區與沿海地區勞動所得份額都有負向顯著影響,當中外人直接投資僅對沿海地區有負向顯著的影響,內陸地區面對全球化帶來的技術進步與資本衝擊較大,揭示著中國區域經濟發展不均的問題。
摘要(英) Under the circumstance of globalization, labor income share was seen a decreasing trend in many countries. China also experienced the same development in the labor income share after joining the World Trade Organization (WTO). Is globalization the main cause of the decreasing labor income share in China? Whether the determinants of labor income share vary between inland and coastal region?
Using a provincial-level panel dataset of 30 provinces (excluding Tibet ) from 1998 to 2017 in China to conduct empirical estimations, the results show that export and import have significantly negative impact on labor income share in the post-WTO period. China’s technological progress has a tendency to capital accumulation, and gradually the growth of capital labor ratio has also led the compensation of workers decreased. After distinguishing high correlation variables, the impact of technological progress brought by research and development on labor income share is significantly negative. Imports and exports have negative impacts on labor income share in both inland region and coastal region. Foreign direct investment exhibits a significantly negative influence in coastal region, and inland region faces greater technological progress and capital shocks brought by globalization, revealing the problem of regional economic development inequality in China.
關鍵字(中) ★ 出口
★ 外人直接投資
★ 勞動報酬
關鍵字(英) ★ Export
★ Foreign Direct Investment
★ Labor Compensation
論文目次 中文摘要 ……………………………………………………………… i
英文摘要 ……………………………………………………………… ii
誌謝 ……………………………………………………………… iii
目錄 ……………………………………………………………… iv
圖目錄 ……………………………………………………………… v
表目錄 ……………………………………………………………… vi
第一章 緒論 ………………………………………………………… 1
第一節 研究背景 …………………………………………………… 1
第二節 研究動機與目的 ……………………………………… 3
第三節 研究方法 …………………………………………………… 6
第四節 章節架構 …………………………………………………… 7
第二章 中國經濟概況與貿易發展 ………………………… 8
第一節 中國近代經濟概況 ………………………………… 8
第二節 中國近代貿易發展 ………………………………… 10
第三節 中國近代勞工概況 ………………………………… 16
第三章 文獻回顧 …………………………………………………………… 19
第一節 貿易自由化與勞動所得份額 ……………… 19
第二節 其他影響因素 …………………………………………… 21
第四章 資料說明與實證模型 …………………………………… 23
第一節 資料說明 …………………………………………………… 23
第二節 實證模型 …………………………………………………… 32
第五章 實證結果分析 ………………………………………………… 40
第一節 全球化對勞動所得份額之實證結果 …………………… 40
第二節 區域開放差異對勞動所得份額之實證結果 ……… 56
第三節 其他模型之實證結果 ………………………………………………… 62
第六章 結論 ………………………………………………………… 66
參考文獻 ……………………………………………………………… 69
參考文獻 劉碧珍、楊子菡、黃登興(2017),全球化對台灣製造業勞動份額之影響,臺商投資大陸對兩岸經濟的影響研討會。

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指導教授 楊志海(Chih-Hai Yang) 審核日期 2019-7-24
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