博碩士論文 106522001 詳細資訊

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姓名 楊凱霖(Yang, Kai-Lin)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 資訊工程學系
論文名稱 基於深度學習之工業用智慧型機器視覺系統:以文字定位與辨識為例
(An Industrial AI Vision System based on Deep Learning : A Case Study of Industrial Text Localization and Recognition)
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摘要(中) 光學影像上文字定位與辨識的應用相當廣泛,例如:辨識生產日期、產品料號和藥物編號等…。若要辨識影像上的文字,則首先定位出文字的邊界框,之後在對邊界框內的文字進行辨識。

而若要在深度學習的方法下得到非常準確以及穩健的結果,則往往需要非常大量的資料作進行網路模型的訓練;另外在深度學習進行訓練以及測試前提下,需要對影像做預處理如:影像的裁切、影像的縮放與轉正、影像的標記以及利用影像處理的方法增加影像的數量等…。然而影像的預處理是一件非常耗費時間與精力的工作,所以為了能夠只需要少量資料,而得到很好的準確率以及穩健性的目標,本篇論文利用了遷移學習的方法。除了在預訓練模型需要耗費大量資料與時間之外,對於再訓練模型的後續應用上,能夠以少量的文字影像資料,使得測試準確度可達到95% 以上的水準。
摘要(英) The application of text detection and recognition on optical images is quite extensive. For example, recognition of production date, product part number and drug number, etc... To recognize the text on an image, one has to first detect the bounding box of the text, and then perform the text recognition for the localized image.

However, in order to get a very accurate and robust results under deep learning method, huge amount of data is indispensable for the training of the network model. In addition, before training and testing a deep learning model, it is important to preprocess the image, such as image cropping, scaling and rotating… etc. Data augmentation, which is an approach to increase the number of images, is also important. However, image preprocessing is a very time-consuming and tedious work. In this research, transfer learning is applied to achieve the goal of deep learning training using a small amount of data and get a model with a good accuracy and robustness. In addition to the large amount of data and time required in pre-training a model, the subsequent retrained model can achieve an accuracy higher than 95% in a small amount of text image data.
關鍵字(中) ★ 深度學習
★ 機器視覺
關鍵字(英) ★ Deep Learning
★ Computer Vision
論文目次 中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
致謝 iii
目錄 iv
圖目錄 vi
表目錄 viii
一、緒論 1
1-1前言 1
1-2 工業與傳統的OCR差異 2
1-3 論文目的 3
1-4 論文架構 4
二、文獻回顧 5
2-1 物件偵測網路介紹 5
2-1-1 Faster R-CNN 7
2-1-2 YOLO 10
2-1-3 SSD 11
2-2 文字定位網路介紹 12
2-2-1 TextBoxes與TextBoxes++ 13
2-3 文字辨識網路介紹 14
2-3-1 CRNN 14
2-4 端到端文字定位與文字辨識網路介紹 15
2-4-1 Deep TextSpotter 15
三、方法說明 16
3-1 方法架構 16
3-1-1 文字定位 16
3-1-2 文字辨識 17
3-2 損失函數 18
四、實驗結果 20
4-1 基於字元的方法 20
4-1-1 字元定位 20
4-1-2 字元辨識 23
4-2 端到端的方法 26
4-2-1 網路預訓練 27
4-2-2 網路再訓練 28
五、結論與未來展望 35
5-1 結論 35
5-2 未來展望 36
六、參考文獻 37
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指導教授 栗永徽(Yung-Hui Li) 審核日期 2019-7-26
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