博碩士論文 106523045 詳細資訊




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姓名 李宗翰(Tsung-Han Li)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 通訊工程學系
論文名稱 上行免許可稀疏碼多工存取資源配置之研究
(Study of Uplink Grant-Free SCMA Resource Allocation)
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檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   至系統瀏覽論文 (2022-9-1以後開放)
摘要(中) 第五代行動通訊技術(5th generation mobile networks, 5G)中提出了三大應用場景,其中一個為大規模機器型通訊(Massive Machine Type Communications, mMTC),其應用於萬物聯網的場景之下,為了實現此一場景,有人提出了免許可(grant-free)的機制與稀疏碼多工存取的多工方式,在預先定義好的資源上給多個使用者進行傳送,以提升資源使用效率。
在上行免許可稀疏碼多工存取的場景下,用戶設備將根據mapping rule選取CTU(Contention transmission Unit)進行傳送,而當多個UE選取相同CTU進行上傳時便會發生碰撞。為了降低碰撞率並提升傳輸效率,本篇論文提出了兩階段CTU分配方式(Two-stage CTU Allocation, TCA),期望可以透過此一方式確認用戶設備真的有資料要傳送再讓UE獨占CTU。另外,本論文也嘗試結合TCA與機器學習來分配資源,希望能夠進一步改善傳輸的效率。
根據本論文之模擬結果,印證了TCA在各項數據結果都有不錯的成績,尤其在較大的流量負載下更能夠明顯看出其有較佳的表現,而TCA結合機器學習的方式相較於TCA僅適用於UE數量較少之場景下,且其改善幅度有限。
摘要(英) There are three main uses cases for 5th generation mobile networks (5G), one of the cases is Massive Machine Type Communications (mMTC), which is applied to Internet of Things. To implement this scenario, someone has proposed the grant-free transmission and Sparse Code Multiple Access (SCMA), that means users can transmit data over the predefined resource to improve the resource usage.
In uplink grant-free SCMA transmission, UE has to choose CTU to uplink data according to mapping rule. The CTU would collided when more than two UEs choose the same CTU to uplink data. To reduce collision rate and improve transmission efficiency, this thesis proposed Two-stage CTU Allocation method (TCA), which intend to make UEs own dedicated CTU only when the UEs has data to transmit. Hoping to have better results, this thesis also attempts to combine TCA with machine learning for resource allocation.
According to the simulation of this thesis, TCA has good performance in several aspects, and it can have better performance in situation with higher traffic load. However, the improvement of resource allocation by using TCA with machine learning is suitable for scenarios with lower number of UEs and its improvement is limited.
關鍵字(中) ★ 第五代行動通訊技術
★ 大規模機器型通訊
★ 稀疏碼多工存取
★ CTU
★ mapping rule
關鍵字(英) ★ 5G
★ mMTC
★ SCMA
★ CTU
★ mapping rule
論文目次 摘要 I
Abstract II
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 X
1. 第一章 緒論 1
1.1. 研究背景 1
1.2. 研究動機與目的 2
1.3. 章節概要 3
2. 第二章 相關研究背景 4
2.1. 5G基本介紹 4
2.2. Frame Structure基本介紹 5
2.3. NOMA (Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access)基本介紹 8
2.3.1. PDMA (Pattern Division Multiple Access)基本介紹 9
2.3.2. MUSA (Multi-User Shared Access)基本介紹 9
2.3.3. SCMA (Sparse Code Multiple Access)基本介紹 10
2.4. 機器學習基本介紹 15
2.5. 相關文獻 17
3. 第三章 研究方法 20
3.1. 系統架構 21
3.2. 兩階段CTU分配方式(Two-stage CTU Allocation, TCA) 23
3.3. TCA結合機器學習之CTU分配方式 27
4. 第四章 模擬結果與討論 30
4.1. 模擬參數與環境介紹 30
4.2. 模擬結果分析 31
4.2.1. TCA與TCA-ML(case1)及兩篇論文方法比較 31
4.2.2. TCA與TCA-ML(case2)比較 49
5. 第五章 結論 56
參考文獻 58
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[16] J. Sun, W. Wu and X. Wu, "A Contention Transmission Unit Allocation Scheme for Uplink Grant-Free SCMA Systems," in IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC), Kansas City, MO, USA, 2018.
[17] S. Han, X. Tai, W. Meng and C. Li, "A resource scheduling scheme based on feed-back for SCMA grant-free uplink transmission," in IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC), Paris, France, 2017.
[18] J. Shen, W. Chen, F. Wei and Y. Wu, "ACK feedback based UE-to-CTU mapping rule for SCMA uplink grant-free transmission," in 9th International Conference on Wireless Communications and Signal Processing (WCSP), Nanjing, China, 2017.
指導教授 陳彥文(Yen-Wen Chen) 審核日期 2019-7-26
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