博碩士論文 106622005 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:9 、訪客IP:107.21.85.250
姓名 李安(An Li)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 地球科學學系
論文名稱 利用海底地震儀資料探討北馬尼拉隱沒帶之地震地體構造
(Seismotectonics of the northern Manila subduction zone using ocean bottom seismometers)
相關論文
★ 台灣西南外海永安海脊區域之速度構造與天然氣水合物飽和度研究★ 利用TAMS初步分析台灣東部海域海底地震儀資料
★ 由海底地震儀資料探討加瓜海脊鄰近區域之地震構造★ 隱沒帶不同耦合型態的地震特性分析:外部隆起地震與地震所引起的重力位能變化
★ 利用海底地震儀分析颱風對於海底震波雜訊的 影響★ 由海底地震儀資料探討台灣東部海域之地震地體構造
★ 由海底地震儀資料探討宜蘭外海琉球 隱沒帶之地震地體構造★ 全球隱沒帶的板塊撓曲量模擬和地震活動相關性分析
★ 利用寬頻地震儀分析颱風期間的低頻訊號來源★ 利用背景噪訊技術探討台灣近海海底淺層沉積物之剪力波速度
★ 利用海底仿擬反射訊號深度估算台灣西南海域地溫梯度分布研究★ 由海底地震儀資料探討南沖繩海槽熱液活動
★ 以寬頻地震儀及分壓計之波形分析環境變動過程:與流體力學相關
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   [檢視]  [下載]
  1. 本電子論文使用權限為同意立即開放。
  2. 已達開放權限電子全文僅授權使用者為學術研究之目的,進行個人非營利性質之檢索、閱讀、列印。
  3. 請遵守中華民國著作權法之相關規定,切勿任意重製、散佈、改作、轉貼、播送,以免觸法。

摘要(中) 歐亞板塊向東南沿著馬尼拉隱沒帶隱沒至菲律賓海板塊之下,馬尼拉隱沒帶系統北段座落於台灣島與呂宋島之間。自從2004年的蘇門答臘─安德曼大地震之後,馬尼拉隱沒帶的海嘯潛勢與災害風險開始被大量關注。馬尼拉隱沒帶的地震活動相對於琉球海溝的地震活動度較低,雖然如此,台灣西南外海的海床坡度較淺,且台灣西南部的人口分佈密集,因此對於馬尼拉隱沒帶附近地震震源機制解分佈圖與地震活動特性的了解就顯得相當重要。然而,即使馬尼拉隱沒帶部分的大型構造已經透過許多地球物理及地質研究資料加以描繪,但由於缺乏地震測站的覆蓋造成不完整的地震記錄依舊限制我們對於發生於海域區域地震特性的了解。
為了得到更多關於北馬尼拉隱沒帶的地震地體構造的資料,我們於2016年6月22日至7月13日及2017年6月27日至7月20日這兩個時段各佈放了8個海底地震儀所組成的臨時地震網,在這44天的記錄時間之中,共有1437筆地震事件被記錄且定位出來。在同一個記錄期間內,北馬尼拉隱沒帶在世界地震網的資料當中只記錄到15個地震,且皆未位於海底地震儀地震網內,本研究定位出來的地震位置分布與世界地震網的資料也相差甚遠,顯示在海域佈放海底地震儀的臨時地震網是有效且有必要性的。本研究重新定位的結果可將馬尼拉海溝北部之地震分為三群,除了海溝後的地震群之外,地震事件大多分布於海溝前的隱沒板塊之中,呈現西北─東南走向,深度大約分布在25公里到40公里之間。另外,本研究的地震事件規模幾乎都小於2.5,正說明了陸上測站無法記錄發生於海域規模小地震的缺點可以被海底地震儀補足。本研究的地震定位結果也顯示,鮮少地震發生於隱沒板塊與上覆板塊的板塊交界面,許多淺層沉積層中已被辦識出的斷層上也沒有記錄到地震。從海溝前地震的傾沒方向與走向,推測海溝前地震形成機制可能與隱沒板塊的撓曲有關,而其中地震型態沿著南北方向的差異似乎受到地殼厚度與性質所影響,除此之外,位於海溝前地震群的複合震源機制解為走向滑移斷層,其錯動型態與呂宋─琉球轉形邊界走向平行,與前人研究中在其構造南部末端的所推論的剪切應力環境相符。而海溝後的地震群位置相當集中,應為區域效應所導致,我們推測是被埋沒的海底山隱沒時造成的擠壓應力與荷重效應,進而影響隱沒板塊地殼底部的板塊撓曲所造成,而逆推之三維速度模型的速度高區與此地震群位置相符,我們推測與海底山底部的上部地函物質有關。
摘要(英) The Eurasian Plate (EP) subducts beneath the Philippine Sea Plate (PSP) along the Manila subduction zone. The northern portion of this subduction system is located between the Taiwan and Luzon Island. Since the 2004 great Sumatra-Andaman earthquake, the tsunamigenic potential and the hazard risk of the Manila subduction zone has been underlined. Although some main tectonic structures of the area have been imaged based on geophysical approaches, the incomplete earthquake records caused by the poor seismic station coverage still limits our understanding for the seismogenic characteristics of the area.
In order to obtain more information about the seismotectonics of the northern Manila subduction zone, two temporal seismic arrays composed of 8 ocean bottom seismometers (OBSs) were deployed along the northern Manila trench from June 22 to July 12, 2016 and from June 27 to July 20, 2017, respectively. During this recording period, 1437 earthquakes were determined and relocated. Less than 15 earthquakes have been reported in the international or local catalogue for the same period, showing the efficiency and necessity of OBSs networks for the seismictoctonic studies for the marine area.
The result shows that the earthquakes appear to be segmented and divided into different groups. Furthermore, the hypocenters distribution reveals that most of the events occurred in the subducting plate to the west of the trench with depth shallower than 40 km and magnitude lower than 2, which infers the seismogenic behavior of the northern Manila Subduction system should be mainly controlled by the plate bending or/and the reactivation of tectonic structures in the subducting plate. Relatively less earthquakes are located to the east of the trench. Instead of spreading along the plate interface, they demonstrate a spatial concentration distribution. From the earthquakes relocation results, the earthquake events separate to three swarms. We suggest that the earthquake swarms in front of the trench are influenced by the plate bending in the subducting plate which could be observed by the seismic pattern. Furthermore, the composite focal mechanism inferred that these earthquakes are facilitated by strike-slip fault. The direction of the strike is parallel to Luzon Ryukyu Transition Plate Boundary, which is consistent to with the shearing feature in the southern end of Luzon Ryukyu Transition Plate Boundary. In the other hand, the earthquake swarm behind the trench is caused by local effect. We suggest that it is caused by the plate bending in the bottom of the subducting crust influence by compression stress or the loading of the buried seamount.
關鍵字(中) ★ 地震地體構造
★ 隱沒帶
★ 馬尼拉海溝
★ 海底地震儀
關鍵字(英) ★ Seismotectonics
★ Subduction zone
★ Manila trench
★ Ocean bottom seismometer
論文目次 摘要 ii
Abstract iv
誌謝 vi
目錄
圖目錄 ii
表目錄 vi
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機與目的 1
1.2 本文內容 2
第二章 研究區域地體構造背景 4
2.1 南中國海地體構造背景 4
2.1.1 大陸—海洋地殼邊界 4
2.1.2 呂宋—琉球轉形邊界 5
2.2 台灣西南外海及北馬尼拉隱沒帶的地震活動特性 6
2.2.1板塊撓曲與外緣隆起 7
2.2.2 板塊耦合度 8
第三章 資料處理方法與流程 16
3.1 儀器介紹 16
3.2 地震定位 16
3.3 三維速度模型逆推 17
3.3.1 逆推原理 18
3.3.2 棋盤網格解析度測試 18
3.4 利用HypoDD重新定位 19
3.4.1 雙差分演算法 19
3.4.2 雙差分地震定位 20
3.5 震源機制解 21
3.6 資料來源與處理 22
第四章 研究結果 36
4.1 地震定位 36
4.2 震源機制解 38
4.3 三維速度模型逆推 39
4.4 HypoDD重新定位 41
第五章 討論 61
5.1海溝前北部區域地震群 61
5.2 海溝前南部區域地震群 62
5.3 海溝後地震群 64
5.4 本研究結果與歷史地震分佈比較 66
第六章 結論 77
參考文獻 79
附錄 88
參考文獻 Ando, Masataka, Mamoru Nakamura, and Lin, C.H., "Tsunami Folklore and Possible Tsunami Source on the Eastern Coast of Taiwan.", Terrestrial, Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences, 24(6) 24 6, 2013.

Briais, Anne, Philippe Patriat, and Paul Tapponnier. "Updated Interpretation of Magnetic Anomalies and Seafloor Spreading Stages in the South China Sea: Implications for the Tertiary Tectonics of Southeast Asia.", Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 98(B4), 6299-6328 98 B4: 6299-328, 1993

Chang, J.H., Yu, H.S., Lee, T.Y., Hsu, H.H., Liu, C.S., Tsai, Y.T., "Characteristics of the Outer Rise Seaward of the Manila Trench and Implications in Taiwan–Luzon Convergent Belt, South China Sea.", Marine Geophysical Researches, 33 4: 351-67, 2012

Chen, C.X., Wu, S.G., Qian, J., Zhao, C.L. Cao, L.M., "Incoming Plate Variations Along the Northern Manila Trench: Implications for Seafloor Morphology and Seismicity.", Subduction Dynamics: From Mantle Flow to Mega Disasters, 81-95: 81-95, 2015

Dao, M.H., Tkalich, Pavel, Chan, E.S., Megawati, Kusnowidjaja, "Tsunami Propagation Scenarios in the South China Sea.", Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 36 1: 67-73, 2009
Eakin, Daniel H, McIntosh, Kirk D., Van Avendonk, H.J.A., Lavier, Luc, Lester, Ryan, Liu, C.S., Lee, C.S., "Crustal‐Scale Seismic Profiles across the Manila Subduction Zone: The Transition from Intraoceanic Subduction to Incipient Collision.", Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 119 1: 1-17, 2014

Eberhart‐Phillips, Donna, "Three‐Dimensional P and S Velocity Structure in the Coalinga Region, California.", Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 95 B10: 15343-63, 1990

Hamilton, Warren Bell., "Tectonics of the Indonesian Region.", US Govt. Print. Off, 1979

Hayes, Dennis E, and Stephen D Lewis. "A Geophysical Study of the Manila Trench, Luzon, Philippines: 1. Crustal Structure, Gravity, and Regional Tectonic Evolution.", Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 89 B11: 9171-95, 1984

Holloway, N.H., "North Palawan Block, Philippines--Its Relation to Asian Mainland and Role in Evolution of South China Sea.", AAPG Bulletin, 66(9), 1355-1383 66 9: 1355-83, 1982



Hsu, S.K., and Sibuet J.C., "Is Taiwan the Result of Arc-Continent or Arc-Arc Collision?", Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 136(3-4), 315-324 136 3-4: 315-24, 1995

Hsu, S.K., and Sibuet J.C., "Continent–Ocean Transition of the Northern South China Sea and Off Southwestern Taiwan.", Marine Geophysical Researches, 25 1-2: 1-4, 2004

Hsu, S.K., Yeh, Y.C., Doo, W.B., Tsai, C.H., "New Bathymetry and Magnetic Lineations Identifications in the Northernmost South China Sea and Their Tectonic Implications.", Marine Geophysical Researches, 25 1-2: 29-44, 2004

Hsu, Y.J., Yu, S.B., Loveless, John P., Bacolcol, Teresito, Solidum, Renato, Luis, Artemio, Pelicano, Alfie, "Plate Coupling Along the Manila Subduction Zone between Taiwan and Northern Luzon.", Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 51: 98-108, 2012

Hsu, Y.J., Yu, S.B., Song, T.R. Alex, Bacolcol, Teresito, "Interseismic Deformation and Moment Deficit Along the Manila Subduction Zone and the Philippine Fault System.", Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 121 10: 7639-65, 2016


Karig D.E., Sharman G.F., "Subduction and Accretion in Trenches.", Geological Society of America Bulletin, 86(3), 377-389 86 3: 377-89, 1975

Kennett, B.L.N., and Engdah, E.R., "Traveltimes for Global Earthquake Location and Phase Identification.", Geophysical Journal International, 105(2), 429-465 105 2: 429-65, 1991

Kirby, Stephen H., "Tsunami Source Characterization for Western Pacific Subduction Zones: A Preliminary Report.", USGS Tsunami Sources Workshop, Houston, TX, 2006

Ku, Chia-Yen, and Hsu, S.K., "Crustal Structure and Deformation at the Northern Manila Trench between Taiwan and Luzon Islands.", Tectonophysics, 466 3-4: 229-40, 2009

Li, C.F., and Song, T.R., "Magnetic Recording of the Cenozoic Oceanic Crustal Accretion and Evolution of the South China Sea Basin.", Chinese Science Bulletin, 57(24), 3165-3181 57 24: 3165-81, 2012

Li, Z.X., and Li, X.H., "Formation of the 1300-Km-Wide Intracontinental Orogen and Postorogenic Magmatic Province in Mesozoic South China: A Flat-Slab Subduction Model.", Geology, 35 2: 179-82, 2007


Lin, Andrew T, Lin, Yao, B.C., Hsu, S.K., Liu, C.S., Huang, C.Y., "Tectonic Features of the Incipient Arc-Continent Collision Zone of Taiwan: Implications for Seismicity.", Tectonophysics, 479 1-2: 28-42, 2009

Lin, J.Y., Wu, W.N., Lo, C.L., "Megathrust Earthquake Potential of the Manila Subduction System: Revealed by the Seismic Moment Tensor Element Mrr.", Terrestrial Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, 10, 2015.

Liu, C.S.,Liu, S.Y., Lallemand, Serge E, Lundberg Neil,Reed, Donald L., "Digital Elevation Model Offshore Taiwan and Its Tectonic Implications.", Terrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, 9(4), 705-738 9 4: 705-38, 1998

Liu, M., Cui, X.J., and Liu, F.T., "Cenozoic Rifting and Volcanism in Eastern China: A Mantle Dynamic Link to the Indo–Asian Collision?", Tectonophysics, 393(1-4), 29-42 393 1-4: 29-42, 2004

Liu, Philip L-F, Xiaoming Wang, and Andrew J., "Tsunami Hazard and Early Warning System in South China Sea.", Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 36 1: 2-12, 2009




Liu, Y.C., Liu, Y.C., Santos, Angela, Wang, S.M., Shi, Y.L., Liu, H.L., Yuen, David A., "Tsunami Hazards Along Chinese Coast from Potential Earthquakes in South China Sea.", Physics of the earth and planetary interiors, 163 1-4: 233-44, 2007

Lo, C.L., Doo, W.B., Kuo-Chen, H., Hsu, S.K., "Plate Coupling across the Northern Manila Subduction Zone Deduced from Mantle Lithosphere Buoyancy.", Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 273: 50-54, 2017

McIntosh, Kirk, van Avendonk, Harm, Lavier, Luc, Lester, W Ryan, Eakin, Daniel Wu, Francis ,Liu, C.S., Lee, C.., "Inversion of a Hyper-Extended Rifted Margin in the Southern Central Range of Taiwan.", Geology, 41 8: 871-74, 2013

Megawati, Kusnowidjaja Shaw, Felicia Sieh, Kerry, Huang, Z.H., Wu, T.R., Lin, Y.T., Soon Keat, Pan, T.C., "Tsunami Hazard from the Subduction Megathrust of the South China Sea: Part I. Source Characterization and the Resulting Tsunami.", Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 36 1: 13-20, 2009

Sibuet, Jean-Claude, and Hsu, S.K., "Geodynamics of the Taiwan Arc-Arc Collision.", Tectonophysics, 274(1-3), 221-251 274 1-3: 221-51., 1997

Sibuet, Jean-Claude, Hsu, S.K., "How Was Taiwan Created?", Tectonophysics, 379(1-4), 159-181 379 1-4: 159-81, 2004

Sibuet, Jean-Claude, Hsu, S.K., Le Pichon, Xavier Le Formal, Jean-Pierre Reed, Donald Moore, Greg Liu, C.S., "East Asia Plate Tectonics since 15 Ma: Constraints from the Taiwan Region.", Tectonophysics, 344(1-2), 103-134 344 1-2: 103-34, 2002

Tapponnier, Paul, Peltzer, GLDAY Le Dain, AY Armijo, Roland Cobbold, P., "Propagating Extrusion Tectonics in Asia: New Insights from Simple Experiments with Plasticine.", Geology, 10(12), 611-616 10 12: 611-16, 1982

Teng, Louis S, et al. "Slab Breakoff as a Mechanism for Flipping of Subduction Polarity in Taiwan.", Geology, 28(2), 155-158 28 2: 155-58, 2000

Thurber. "Local Earthquake Tomography: Velocities and V_P/V_S-Theory.", Seismic tomography: theory and practice, 563-83, 1993

Thurber, Clifford, Donna, "Local Earthquake Tomography with Flexible Gridding.", Computers & Geosciences, 25 7: 809-18, 1999

Thurber, Clifford H., "Earthquake Locations and Three‐Dimensional Crustal Structure in the Coyote Lake Area, Central California.", Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 88 B10: 8226-36, 1983

Trnkoczy, A. ,"Topic Understanding and Parameter Setting of Sta/Lta Trigger Algorithm.", New manual of seismological observatory practice, 2 , 1999.

Waldhauser, Felix., "Hypodd--a Program to Compute Double-Difference Hypocenter Locations.", 2001.

Waldhauser, Felix, and William L., "A Double-Difference Earthquake Location Algorithm: Method and Application to the Northern Hayward Fault, California.", Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 90 6: 1353-68, 2000

Wang, K.L., and Susan L., "Do Subducting Seamounts Generate or Stop Large Earthquakes?", Geology, 39 9: 819-22,2011

Watts, Anthony Brian., "Isostasy and Flexure of the Lithosphere. Cambridge University Press", 2001.

Wu, T.R., and Huang, H.C., "Modeling Tsunami Hazards from Manila Trench to Taiwan.", Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 36 1: 21-28, 2009

Wu, Y.M., Chang, C.H., Zhao, L.,Shyu, J Bruce H, Chen, Y.G., Sieh, KerryAvouac, Jean‐Philippe., "Seismic Tomography of Taiwan: Improved Constraints from a Dense Network of Strong Motion Stations.", Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 112 B8, 2007.
Yeh, Y.C., and Hsu, S.K., "Crustal Structures of the Northernmost South China Sea: Seismic Reflection and Gravity Modeling.", Marine Geophysical Researches, 25 1-2: 45-61, 2004

Yeh, Y.C., Hsu, S.K., Doo, W.B., Sibuet, Jean-ClaudeLiu, Char-Shine, Lee, C.S., "Crustal Features of the Northeastern South China Sea: Insights from Seismic and Magnetic Interpretations.", Marine Geophysical Researches, 33 4: 307-26, 2012

Zhang, F., Lin, J., Zhou, Z.Y., Yang,H.F., Zhan, W.H., "Intra-and Intertrench Variations in Flexural Bending of the Manila, Mariana and Global Trenches: Implications on Plate Weakening in Controlling Trench Dynamics.", Geophysical Journal International, 212 2: 1429-49, 2017
指導教授 林靜怡(Jing-Yi Lin) 審核日期 2019-7-26
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   
網路書籤 Google bookmarks   del.icio.us   hemidemi   myshare   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡  - 隱私權政策聲明