博碩士論文 107226027 詳細資訊

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姓名 李宇翔(Yu-Hsiang Lee)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 光電科學與工程學系
論文名稱 歐規單一光學反光鏡之高亮度近遠燈研究
(Study of Single Optical Reflector for High-intense High/Low Beam Meeting UNECE No.113 Regulation)
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摘要(中) 本論文中,我們以通過聯合國歐洲經濟委員會 (the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, UNECE) 制定的Regulation No. 113 Revision 3 Class B機車近遠燈法規及德國自行車近遠燈法規 (StVZO 22A TA23,K-mark) 作為設計目標。首先,我們針對多款市售高功率車規白光LED光源來分析其光學特性,在考量其光學特性及成本後,選定最符合需求的LED光源,並以達到市售同級最小的燈具尺寸進行設計。本設計雖然為單一反光鏡,但須通過近光燈與遠光燈的法規,同時提供發散角約30度的道路照明。
本論文所設計與驗證之反光鏡Designed300不僅通過UNECE No.113 Class B近遠燈法規,同時也通過K-mark近遠燈法規;最後完成的尺寸為35 mm × 69 mm × 30 mm (高×寬×深)、光學效率達83.4%、十公尺處最大照度Emax達280 lx、截止線線性度為±0.1度、銳利度達0.94、投射於法規面之光學有效利用率 (Optical Utilization Factor, OUF) 為38.0%、投射於路面 (Roadway) 之光學有效利用率為36.7%、設計中總光學有效利用率為74.7%。以我們的最佳知識所悉,此近遠燈為世界目前唯一同時實證通過E-mark與K-mark的單一反光鏡設計,可說是同級車前燈產品之世界最佳表現。
摘要(英) In this thesis, we aim to design a white LED head lamp to meet Regulation No. 113 Revision 3 Class B (by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, UNECE), and Germany regulation of StVZO 22A TA23 (so called K-mark). In order to design a headlamp with the smallest size, we start from checking several high-quality power white LED and analyze the optical characteristic, and then select a most appropriate one with considering the performance and cost. The design is on a single optical reflector, but needs to meet the both regulations in low beam and high beam as well. Besides, an additional benefit to a rider is to provide ground illumination with a divergent beam of 30o.
Finally, we design and demonstrate a reflector (Designed300) which successfully meet the low beam and high beam regulations of UNECE No.113 Class B and K-mark. The final specifications are reported : the dimensions of are 35 mm × 69 mm × 30 mm (hight×length×depth), the optical efficiency is 83.4%, the maximum illuminance at a distance of 10 m reaches 280 lx, the linearity of the cutoff line is ±0.1o, the sharpness reaches 0.94, the optical utilization factor on the target plane (ground) is 38% (36.7%), and the total optical utilization factor reaches 74.7%. To our best knowledge, our headlamp is the only one meeting the low/high beam regulation of E-mark and K mark in the world, i.e., it can be regarded the best performance in the world.
關鍵字(中) ★ 單一光學反光鏡
★ 近光燈
★ 遠光燈
★ 光學設計
★ K-mark
★ E-mark
關鍵字(英) ★ Single optical reflector
★ low beam
★ high beam
★ optic design
★ K-mark
★ E-mark
論文目次 摘要 i
Abstract ii
致謝 iv
目錄 vi
圖目錄 ix
表目錄 xix
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究背景 1
1-2 市售通過 K-mark、E-mark法規檢測之車頭燈一覽 6
1-2-1市售通過 K-mark 之電動自行車車頭燈 6
1-2-2市售通過 UNECE No.113近遠燈之摩托車車頭燈 9
1-3 論文大綱 11
第二章 基礎原理 12
2-1 光學設計之基本原理 12
2-1-1 幾何光學 13
2-1-2 中場擬合法 15
2-2 光度學 17
第三章 LED車前燈照明規範 22
3-1歐洲UNECE規範No. 113法規 24
3-2德國 StVZO 22A No. 23法規 30
第四章 光學反光鏡應用於車前燈 35
4-1 LED光源簡介 35
4-2 光學反光鏡對於光場之調製能力 37
4-3 初階光學設計 39
第五章 多款車前燈通過 UNECE CLASS B及 STVZO之光學特性設計與
驗證 41
5-1照度達 150 lx 之近光燈光學設計 42
5-1-1 UNECE No.113 Class B規範檢測 42
5-1-2 K-mark 規範檢測 45
5-1-3 反射杯樣品驗證 47
5-2 照度達 250 lx 之近光燈光學設計 50
5-2-1 UNECE No.113 Class B規範檢測 53
5-2-2 K-mark 規範檢測 57
5-2-3 道路照明檢測 59
5-2-4 反射杯樣品驗證 60
5-3 照度達 300 lx 之近遠燈光學設計 64
5-3-1 UNECE No.113 Class B規範檢測 65
5-3-2 K-mark 規範檢測 74
5-3-3 道路照明檢測 78
5-3-4 反射杯樣品驗證 82
5-3-5 組裝公差與容忍度分析 96
第六章 結論 116
參考文獻 120
中英文名詞對照表 124
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指導教授 楊宗勳 孫慶成(Tsung-Hsun Yang Ching-Cherng Sun) 審核日期 2020-8-11
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