博碩士論文 107324009 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:9 、訪客IP:3.210.201.170
姓名 陳廷維(Ting-Wei Chen)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 化學工程與材料工程學系
論文名稱 超音波噴塗法製備鈣鈦礦薄膜並探討添加劑對薄膜形貌及其太陽能電池元件光伏表現之影響
(Optimized Surface Morphology and Photovoltaic Performance of the Perovskite Solar Cells with Additives Fabricated by Ultrasonic Spray Coating Technique)
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★ 利用超音波噴塗技術製備鈣鈦礦薄膜於太陽能 電池元件之應用★ 利用溶液剪切力塗佈法製作高效能DTTRQ小分子 N 型有機場效電晶體元件
★ 用於高性能n型有機薄膜晶體管的溶液 - 二亞甲基取代的醌基二炔基噻吩(DTDSTQ)基小分子★ 利用溶液剪切力塗佈法製備高分子與小分子混摻之有機場效電晶體元件
★ 利用兩步驟超音波噴塗技術製備平面型p-i-n結構鈣鈦礦太陽能電池元件之應用★ 透明氧化物薄膜電晶體與電晶體式記憶體之分析與應用
★ 以含硫碳鏈並?吩環小分子半導體材料利用溶液剪切力塗佈法製作高性能有機場效應電晶體★ 剪切力溶液製程應用於高效能有機薄膜電晶體:含硒碳鏈聯?吩小分子半導體材料
★ 利用超音波噴塗技術製備混合有機陽離子鈣鈦礦 太陽能電池★ 超音波噴塗技術結合多通道注射幫浦進料調控系統製備混合鹵素鈣鈦礦太陽能電池
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   至系統瀏覽論文 (2023-7-1以後開放)
摘要(中) 有機無機混合鈣鈦礦材料因可溶液製程及優異的光伏特性,被視為極具發展潛力的新型太陽能電池材料,而實驗室研究又以旋轉塗佈法製備元件居多,此種薄膜沉積模式較難應用於大面積薄膜塗佈及商業化連續製程,又因旋塗法所需前驅液濃度高造成較多的材料消耗,故本篇研究中將以可連續製程的超音波噴塗法於大氣環境下製備太陽能電池元件的主動層。在鈣鈦礦薄膜製備過程中先將不同比例的離子液體MAAc添加於鈣鈦礦前驅液內,並比較不同比例之MAAc對鈣鈦礦之結晶度、表面形貌及光伏特性關係,而最佳的添加比例為MAI:PbI2:MAAc=1:1:1.5,可使元件之光電轉換效率由10.04%提升至15.07%;接著使用光伏表現最出色的比例作為鈣鈦礦前驅液並進行小分子的添加,小分子INClDCDT-b8是透過反溶劑方式以含有不同濃度小分子之氯苯噴塗於鈣鈦礦濕膜當中,藉由反溶劑的作用影響鈣鈦礦長晶成膜過程以及小分子與鈣鈦礦間的作用提升元件的光伏表現及環境穩定度,在最適化濃度條件下可將光電轉換效率由單純氯苯作為反溶劑噴塗的15.39%提升至17.18%。
摘要(英) The organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have been expected to be the next applicable material due to its high photovoltaic performance and easy fabricating process. However, the most common solution process such as spin-coated method still has remained limitations like discontinuous fabrication process and large amount of wasting materials. In this research, the ultrasonic spray-coated method was demonstrated to fabricate the photo-active layer of PSCs under ambient condition. It is essential to fabricate the high quality with smooth perovskite thin film to achieve outstanding performance. The additive engineering is an effective strategy to improve the film morphology. For this purpose, we use the ionic-liquid MAAc and the small molecular INClDCDT-b8 as additives to achieve the goal. MAAc was added in the perovskite precursor to enhance the nucleation site and improve the film coverage which achieve the PCE of 15.07% compared to 10.04%. After optimized the ratio of MAAc, the INClDCDT-b8 was added in chlorobenzene through the anti-solvent method. The crystal structure and elements of the perovskite become more stable by means of the effect of the antisolvent and small molecular. Finally, the PCE can enhance up to 17.18% which compared to control device (chlorobenzene only) of 15.39%.
關鍵字(中) ★ 鈣鈦礦太陽能電池
★ 超音波噴塗
關鍵字(英) ★ Perovskite solar cells
★ Ultrasonic spray-coatiing
論文目次 摘要 i
Abstract ii
謝誌 iii
目錄 iv
圖目錄 vii
表目錄 xii
第一章 緒論 1
1-1前言 1
1-2太陽能電池發展歷史及分類 2
1-3太陽能電池工作原理及特性 6
第二章 文獻探討 11
2-1 鈣鈦礦太陽能電池 11
2-1-1 鈣鈦礦發展歷史及現況 11
2-1-2 鈣鈦礦材料介紹 13
2-1-3 電池元件結構介紹 16
2-1-4 鈣鈦礦薄膜製程介紹 19
2-1-5溶液塗佈方法介紹 25
2-1-6 鈣鈦礦薄膜添加劑介紹 35
2-2實驗動機 54
第三章 實驗與研究方法 56
3-1 實驗藥品與溶劑 56
3-2 實驗儀器 57
3-2-1 元件製備儀器 57
3-2-2 元件量測儀器 58
3-2-3超音波噴塗系統 59
3-3 實驗步驟及方法 61
3-3-1 前驅液配置 61
3-3-2 鈣鈦礦太陽能電池元件製作 62
3-3-3鈣鈦礦太陽能電池元件量測方式 68
第四章 結果與討論 70
4-1 離子液體MAAc添加於鈣鈦礦前驅液之影響 70
4-2 含小分子INClDCDT-b8反溶劑添加於鈣鈦礦薄膜 82
第五章 結論 94
第六章 文獻整理 97
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指導教授 劉振良(Cheng-Liang Liu) 審核日期 2020-8-12
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