博碩士論文 107429016 詳細資訊




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姓名 黃映雯(Ying-wen Huang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 經濟學系
論文名稱 探討離婚之因素-以台灣為例
(The Factors of Divorce in Taiwan)
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摘要(中) 本文使用華人家庭動態資料庫 (Panel Study of Family Dynamics,簡稱PSFD) 第十七年計畫 (RR2018) 的資料,直接由受訪者的角度分析影響離婚的可能因素。本研究探討教育年數、經濟收入、工作時間、家庭成員和受訪者的五種感受對離婚可能性的影響;並考慮男女受訪者對配偶可能存有不同的標準,進而區分影響男女離婚可能性的因素有何不同;此外,是否具有全職工作可能也會影響婚姻的穩定度,因此本文也依伴侶的工時進行區分,探討影響離婚之因素,是否會受到配偶為全職或兼職的狀況而有所不同。實證結果顯示:1. 小孩及同住人人數與離婚可能性呈負向關係;2. 縱使女性的教育程度或勞參率不斷提升,男性仍被期待承擔主要的家庭經濟責任;3. 當配偶擁有足夠的經濟穩定條件,影響離婚的其他因素變得相對不重要。換句話說,即使受訪者在婚姻中不太滿意,但會屈就於配偶的經濟穩定發展而維持婚姻。
摘要(英) This study uses the 17th year plan (RR2018) of the Panel Study of Family Dynamics (PSFD) to examine determinants of divorce in Taiwan. To be specific, how educational level, income, working hours, household composition , and five self-reported measures can affect the probability of divorce are investigated. Moreover, in order to understand the gender differences in reasons for divorce, we compare male subsample with female subsample. As far as spouse’s job stability is concerned, we divide the whole sample into spouses with full-time job and spouses with part-time job. The results show that: 1. The number of children and cohabitants is negatively related to the probability of divorce. 2. Even though the education level and labor participation rate of women continue to increase, men are expected to be breadwinners. 3. When individual’s spouse has sufficient economic stability, other factors become relatively irrelevant. That is, even if an individual is not satisfied with the marriage, he or she will continue maintaining the marriage due to his or her spouse’s stable financial performance.
關鍵字(中) ★ 離婚
★ 傳統家庭觀念
關鍵字(英) ★ divorce
★ traditional family concept
論文目次 摘要 i
Abstract ii
誌謝 iii
圖目錄 v
表目錄 vi
壹、緒論 1
貳、文獻回顧 7
第一節 教育程度及智力與離婚的關係 7
第二節 薪資收入、勞動市場資源及社經地位與離婚的關係 9
第三節 工作時間與離婚的關係 11
參、變數說明與資料分析 13
肆、實證模型與估計方法 18
伍、實證結果分析 23
陸、研究結論與未來建議 36
參考文獻 39
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陳建良、陳昱彰 (2010)。台灣男性的婚姻溢酬:以內生性選擇模型探討。經濟研究,46(2),171-216。

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Keith, V. M., & Finlay, B. (1988). The Impact of Parental Divorce on Children’s Educational Attainment, Marital Timing, and Likelihood of Divorce. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 50(3), 797. doi:10.2307/352648

Killewald, A., & Gough, M. (2013). Does Specialization Explain Marriage Penalties and Premiums? American Sociological Review, 78(3), 477–502. doi:10.1177/0003122413484151

Lyngstad, T. H. (2004). The impact of parents’ and spouses’ education on divorce rates in Norway. Demographic Research, 10, 121–142. doi:10.4054/demres.2004.10.5

Lyngstad, T. H. (2005). Why do Couples with Highly Educated Parents have Higher Divorce Rates? European Sociological Review, 22(1), 49–60. doi:10.1093/esr/jci041

Mincer, Jacob (1974). Schooling, experience and earnings, New York: Columbia University Press.

Poortman, A.-R. (2005). How Work Affects Divorce. Journal of Family Issues, 26(2), 168–195. doi:10.1177/0192513x04270228
指導教授 曹真睿(Jen-ruey Tsaur) 審核日期 2020-7-24
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