博碩士論文 107457006 詳細資訊




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姓名 洪氵蓉霜(Jung-Shuang Hung)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 人力資源管理研究所在職專班
論文名稱 員工適配、工作成長動機與持續工作動機關聯性之研究:員工與主管、工作及組織適配的多元效果
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摘要(中) 人力資源不僅是組成組織的重要基礎,還是組織運作的主要驅動來源。對於組織經營來說,員工是最重要的奠基石,也是提升競爭力的核心。然而,以台灣的勞動市場發展而言,歸因於日益嚴峻的人口高齡化(population ageing)現象和少子化(low fertility rate)問題,已連帶造成整體勞動人口逐漸減少和勞動力短缺困境,而其中關鍵來自大量員工選擇提前離開職場或退休。因此,如何設法增加在職員工的持續工作動機,已成為各組織、公司和政府最為關心的議題。
本研究由適配理論的觀點出發,同時探討個人與工作適配、個人與組織適配、個人與主管適配對持續工作動機的關聯性和影響程度;同時,比較三種適配面向的影響力大小和重要性程度。最後進一步深入討論工作成長動機的中介效果程度。本研究主要分析目標訂為年滿45歲之在職員工,採用問卷調查法蒐集數據資料,並採取隨機與兩階段發放方式。彙整過後有效問卷總計為346份,有效問卷回收率為62.9%。研究結果顯示,個人與組織適配、個人與工作適配和個人與主管適配對持續工作動機呈顯著正向相關。其中,個人與工作適配對持續工作動機的重要性相對較高。而工作成長動機推論皆具有部份中介效果。
摘要(英) Human resources are not only an important basis forming the organization, but also the main driving source of organizational operation. For organizational management, employees are the most important cornerstone and the core of improving competitiveness. However, in terms of the development of Taiwan′s labor market, the problem attributed to the increasingly severe population ageing and low fertility rate has led to the gradual decline of the overall labor force and the shortage of labor. The key comes from the large number of people over the middle age who choose to leave the workplace early or retire. Therefore, how to increase the motivation of active employees aged and above has become the most concerned issue for organizations, companies and governments.

This study starts from the perspective of adaptation theory. At the same time, it explores the relevance and impact of personal and work adaptation, personal and organizational adaptation, and personal and leadership adaptation on continuous work motivation. At the same time, it compares the impact and importance of the three adaptation orientations. Finally, further discuss the degree of intermediary effect of work growth motivation. The main analysis goal of this study is to be on-the-job employees who have reached the age of 45. The questionnaire method is used to collect data, and adopts a random and two-stage distribution method. After the consolidation, the total number of valid questionnaires is 346, and the recovery rate of effective questionnaires is 62.9%. The research results show that there is a significant positive correlation between individuals and organizational adaptation, personal and work adaptation, and personal and supervisor adaptation pairs of continuous work motivation. Among them, personal and work adaptation are relatively important for continuous work motivation. The inference of work growth motivation has some intermediary effects.
關鍵字(中) ★ 個人與環境適配理論
★ 個人與工作適配
★ 個人與組織適配
★ 個人與主管適配
★ 持續工作動機
★ 工作成長動機
關鍵字(英) ★ Person-environment fit theory
★ Person-job fit
★ Person-organization fit
★ Subordinate-supervisor fit
★ Motivation to continue working
★ Work growth motives
論文目次 中文摘要 ii
Abstract v
目錄 vvii
一、緒論 1
1-1 研究背景與動機 1
1-2 研究目的 3
二、文獻探討與研究假說 5
2-1 文獻探討 5
2-2 假說建立 10
2-3 研究架構 14
三、研究方法 16
3-1 研究樣本與資料蒐集方式 16
3-2 研究變數之操作性定義與衡量工具 17
3-3 研究分析方法 21
四、研究結果 23
4-1 樣本特徵 23
4-2 敘述統計與相關分析 25
4-3 信度分析 26
4-4 效度分析 26
4-5 驗證性因素分析 28
4-6 模型適配度指標與檢定 31
4-7 假說檢定 39
五、研究結論與討論 44
5-1 研究結論 44
5-2 研究貢獻 45
5-3 管理實務意涵 46
5-4 研究限制與未來研究建議 47
六、參考文獻 49
參考文獻 中文文獻
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陳裕棋,(1997) ,薪酬公平與工作態度關係之探討,國立中央大學人力資源管理研究所未出版碩士論文。

國家發展委員會: 中華民國人口推估(2018 至 2065 年),2018 年 8 月,取自https://www.ndc.gov.tw/Content_List.aspx?n=695E69E28C6AC7F3

行政院主計總處「人力資源調查」、各國官方網站。取自https://www.mol.gov.tw/statistics/2462/2466

就業服務法(修正於2018年11月28日)。


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指導教授 鄭晉昌 楊君琦(Jihn-Chang Jehn Chun-Chi Yang) 審核日期 2023-7-19
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