博碩士論文 107523010 詳細資訊




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姓名 王晧群(Hao- Chiun Wang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 通訊工程學系
論文名稱 深度學習應用於HEVC畫面內編碼單元切割
(CNN-based CU Partition for HEVC Intra Prediction)
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檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   至系統瀏覽論文 (2023-7-28以後開放)
摘要(中) 在這日新月異的時代,隨著網路的進步以及科技的發達,人們對於追求更高品質的事物始終不會停滯,對於高解析度的影像也是如此,為了能夠更有效率的壓縮這些巨大的視訊資料量,HEVC採用了一些更新穎的技術,如編碼樹單元、碼率失真最佳化等等,但於此同時也造成了編碼計算複雜度的提升,本論文結合近幾年來十分熱門的深度學習與機器學習,即卷積神經網路與支持向量機,將其應用於HEVC編碼單元深度決策。不同於原始HEVC遞迴運算編碼單元深度0至3,本論文在編碼一開始時先使用支持向量機將編碼單元分成簡單區塊與複雜區塊,再利用卷積神經網路分層向下細分,分類完成的區塊將只會進行一次深度的編碼,藉此大幅節省編碼所需時間。而後進一步將支持向量機的決策值,透過額外資訊減少進入卷積神經網路的次數便提前完成分區,實驗結果與HEVC相比,整體平均BDBR上升1.5%的情況下,編碼時間大約可以節省64%,後續再導入分散式視訊編碼的概念,結合快速預測模式與解碼端之後處理補償影像品質。
摘要(英) In this ever-changing era, with the advancement of the Internet and the development of technology, people will never stop pursuing higher-quality things, as well as high-resolution images. In order to be able to compress these huge videos more efficiently The amount of data, HEVC uses some newer technologies, such as coding tree units, rate distortion optimization, etc., but at the same time it also causes the increase in the complexity of coding calculations. This paper combines deep learning and machine learning, which have been very popular in recent years, that is, convolutional neural networks and support vector machines, are applied to HEVC coding unit depth decision. Unlike the original HEVC recursive operation coding unit depth 0 to 3, at the beginning of this paper, the support vector machine is used to divide the coding unit into simple blocks and complex blocks, and then the convolutional neural network is used to layer down , The classified blocks will only be coded once in depth, thereby greatly saving coding time. Then, the decision value of the support vector machine is further used to reduce the number of entering the convolutional neural network through additional information to complete the partition in advance,compared with HEVC, the overall average BDBR is increased by 1.5%, and the encoding time can be saved by about 64%.Finally, introduce the concept of decentralized video coding, combined with fast mode prediction and post-processing to compensate the image quality.
關鍵字(中) ★ 高效率視頻編碼
★ 支持向量機
★ 卷積神經網路
★ 編碼單元
★ 快速深度決策
★ 畫面內預測
★ 快速模式預測
★ 改善編碼性能
★ 分散式視訊編碼
★ 深度學習
關鍵字(英) ★ High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC)
★ Support Vector Machine(SVM)
★ Convolutional Neural Network(CNN)
★ Coding Unit(CU)
★ Fast Depth Decision
★ Intra Prediction
★ Fast Mode Prediction
★ Improved Coding Performance
★ Distributed Video Coding
★ Deep Learning
論文目次 第一章、緒論.............................................1
1.1研究動機與目的........................................1
1.2論文架構..............................................1
1.3高效率視訊編碼(High Efficiency Video Coding)簡介.......2
1.4 HEVC編碼架構介紹.....................................3
1.4.1碼率失真代價函數.....................................4
1.4.2編碼單元(Coding Unit)...............................6
1.4.3預測單元(Prediction Unit)...........................8
1.4.4轉換單元(Transform Unit)............................9
1.4.5畫面內編碼預測(Intra Predict)介紹....................9
1.4.6量化參數(Quantization Parameter)...................14
1.5支持向量機(Support Vector Machine)介紹...............15
1.6深度學習介紹.........................................18
1.6.1類神經網路.........................................19
1.6.2深度學習...........................................19
第二章、相關文獻回顧.....................................23
2.1減少CU編碼複雜度相關文獻回顧...........................23
2.2利用支持向量機減少編碼單元複雜度相關文獻回顧.............23
2.2.1 Computational Complexity Reduction for HEVC Intra Prediction with SVM....................................24
2.3利用CNN減少CU編碼複雜度相關文獻回顧....................31
2.3.1 A deep convolutional neural network approach for complexity reduction on intra-mode HEVC................31
2.3.2 Asymmetric-Kernel CNN Based Fast CTU Partition for HEVC Intra Coding......................................37
2.3.3 Texture-Classification Accelerated CNN Scheme for Fast Intra CU Partition in HEVC........................43
2.3.4 Computation Reduction of HEVC Intra Prediction using combined SVM and CNN.............................45
第三章、結合SVM與分層式CNN應用於編碼單元(CU)提前終止劃分演算法 .......................................................48
3.1編碼單元提前終止劃分之決策演算法.......................48
3.1.1模型架構與演算法優缺點探討...........................48
3.1.2編碼單元提前終止劃分演算法流程.......................50
3.2卷積神經網路架構訓練..................................53
3.2.1前處理階段.........................................54
3.2.2訓練階段...........................................56
3.2.3測試階段...........................................63
第四章、編碼單元提前終止劃分演算法性能比較與加入決策閾值.....67
4.1 各類編碼單元提前終止劃分演算法性能比較.................67
4.1.1效能分析...........................................67
4.1.2不同模型與演算法性能比較.............................72
4.1.3與HEVC相比編碼單元深度準確率與可視化比較..............79
4.2結合特徵之決策閾值....................................81
4.2.1支持向量機的超平面(hyper plane)與深度之關係..........81
4.2.2加入閾值之編碼單元提前終止劃分演算法流程..............84
4.2.3加入閾值之效能分析..................................86
第五章、以分散式視訊編碼(Distributed Video Coding, DVC)的概念應用於HEVC編解碼器.....................................92
5.1合併畫面內編碼單元提前終止劃分深度及模式預測之快速決策演算法 .......................................................93
5.1.1畫面內預測快速模式決策相關文獻回顧....................93
5.1.2合併畫面內編碼單元提前終止劃分深度及模式預測之快速決策演算法.....................................................96
5.2 於解碼端補償HEVC編碼效能損失.........................101
5.2.1以後處理方式於HEVC解碼端提升影像品質相關文獻回顧......102
5.2.2合併編解碼端之性能分析.............................104
第六章、結論與未來展望..................................111
參考文獻...............................................113
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指導教授 林銀議(Yin-Yi Lin) 審核日期 2020-7-31
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