博碩士論文 108552019 詳細資訊




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姓名 曾義能(Yi-Neng Zeng)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 資訊工程學系在職專班
論文名稱 以多層過濾影像機制降低上行頻寬使用量之研究
(A Study on Using Multi-Layer Filtering Image Mechanism to Reduce Uplink Bandwidth Usage)
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摘要(中) 在人工智慧日益普及下,透過深度學習技術能根據影像特徵對物件進行辨識、分類和偵測,藉此作為異常事件檢測的依據,然而在大規模監視影像分析中,異常事件的目標對象只佔一小部分,因此將所有監視影像上傳到伺服器進行深度學習的物件偵測時會浪費大量上行頻寬來進行傳輸而導致頻寬不足的情形,間接限制了上傳至伺服器影像的數量,因此為了解決上述問題,本研究提出了以多層過濾影像機制降低上行頻寬使用量之研究,藉由第一層的前景物件過濾器快速過濾出包含前景物件的影像來降低目標過濾器需要偵測的影像數量,第二層目標過濾器再從過濾出的影像中,透過物件偵測模型過濾出包含目標物件的影像再上傳至伺服器,藉由丟棄不包含目標物件的影像來降低上傳資料量。此外,為了提升多個過濾器的執行效率,採用多執行緒來提升過濾器執行效率以及使用 Blocking Queue 來同步過濾器之間處理速度,實驗結果發現在前景物件過濾器中使用動態過濾閾值能降低過濾錯誤率的產生,加上目標物件過濾器後能再降低前景物件過濾器造成的過濾錯誤,最後採用本研究所提出的機制,能降低約79%上行頻寬使用量同時維持2%以下過濾錯誤率。
摘要(英) With the increasing popularity of artificial intelligence, deep learning techniques can be used to identify, classify, and detect objects based on image features, which can be used as the basis for abnormal event detection. However, according to surveillance image analysis, the target objects in abnormal events only account for a small part. Uploading all the surveillance images to server for object detection waste a large amount of uplink bandwidth, which indirectly reduces the number of images uploaded to the server for detection. In order to solve the problems above, the research proposes a multi-layer filtering image mechanism to reduce the usage of uplink bandwidth. The first layer of foreground object filter quickly filters out images containing foreground objects to reduce the number of images that target object filter needs to identify. The second target filter filters out the images that do not contain the target object through the object detection model to reduce the amount of uploaded data. In addition, the research adopt multi-thread implementation to improve the execution efficiency of multiple filters and Blocking Queue to synchronize the processing speed between filters. The results found that using dynamic filter threshold in the foreground object filter reduces the filtering error rate. In addition, adding additional target object filter can reduce the filtering error caused by the foreground object filter. In consequence, the mechanism proposed by this research can reduce the usage of uplink bandwidth by about 79% while maintaining the filtering error rate below 2%.
關鍵字(中) ★ 影像過濾
★ 前景物件過濾
★ 物件偵測
★ 上行頻寬
關鍵字(英) ★ Image Filtering
★ Foreground Object Filter
★ Object Detection
★ Uplink Bandwidth
論文目次 摘要 vi
Abstract vii
目錄 ix
1 緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 問題與實作目標 2
1.3 論文貢獻 3
1.4 研究架構 3
2 背景工具介紹 4
2.1 背景濾除演算法 4
2.1.1 背景過濾演算法函式庫 6
2.2 物件檢測演算法 6
2.3 OpenCV介紹 7
2.4 Gstreamer介紹 8
2.5 nload介紹 9
3 系統設計 10
3.1 系統架構 10
3.2 程式模組說明 11
3.3 Blocking Queue設計說明 13
3.4 程式流程與實現方法 14
3.4.1 生產者執行緒流程 14
3.4.2 消費者執行緒流程 16
4 實驗結果與分析 18
4.1 實驗目的 18
4.2 實驗環境與流程 18
4.2.1 實驗場景定義 19
4.2.2 實驗參數 22
4.3 實驗結果與效能分析 24
4.3.1 情境一 24
4.3.2 情境二 26
4.3.3 情境三 28
5 結論 29
參考文獻 30
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指導教授 王尉任(Wei-Jen Wang) 審核日期 2021-8-18
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