博碩士論文 109423076 詳細資訊

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姓名 簡峻謙(JUN-QIAN JIAN)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 資訊管理學系
論文名稱 基於區塊鏈防止雙重投票的匿名投票系統
(An anonymous blockchain-based voting system with double polling prevention)
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摘要(中) 近年來,由於疫情與國際化的關係,越來越多政府單位開始採用電子投票系統,利用電子設備已進行選舉。



摘要(英) In recent years, due to the epidemic and internationalization, many governments have adopted electronic voting systems, using electronic devices to conduct elections. In traditional paper voting, voters need to go to a polling place or send a letter to cast their ballots. These ballots are collected and counted by the organizers of the election, so extra time is required in the tallying process. Compared with the traditional voting system, the electronic voting system will bring more benefits. For example, voters can vote online and ballots can be processed in real-time. In addition, electronic voting can reduce personnel costs in addition to speeding up voting efficiency.

However, there are some problems with electronic voting. Common electronic voting systems use electronic devices to vote, and voting records and results are stored in a centralized database, so it easily tampers with election results. In addition, anonymity is also an important consideration when designing electronic voting. An excellent electronic voting system needs to consider the issues of "anonymity" and "avoidance of double voting" to ensure the confidentiality and validity of ballots.
Therefore, we propose an efficient and fair electronic voting system with incentives. The voting results will be stored on the blockchain to achieve the merit of decentralized voting, reducing the possibility of tampering to ensure fairness. To keep the privacy of voters, the proposed scheme uses the stealth address to hide the content of the ballot while adopting the lightweight ring signature to verify the voter′s identity without traceability. Moreover, the voting system can achieve a reward mechanism for encouraging casting and self-tallying through smart contracts for better efficiency and transparency. The experiment results show that our scheme outperforms most e-voting systems.
關鍵字(中) ★ 隱身地址
★ 電子投票系統
★ 以太坊
★ 環簽章
★ 自計票
★ 區塊鏈
關鍵字(英) ★ 
★ Ethereum
★ electronic voting system
★ blockchain
★ self-counting
★ stealth address
論文目次 Table of contents
1 Introduction 1
2 Related Works 3
2.1 Technology background 3
2.1.1 Blockchain 3
2.1.2 Ethereum 3
2.2 A Review of Blockchain-Based Voting Applications 3
2.3 Stealth Address 4
2.4 Lightweight Ring Signatures 4
3.1 Design goals 4
3.3 Stealth Address 7
3.4 Lightweight Ring Signature 8
4.1 System overview 10
4.2 System cryptography 11
4.3 System procedure 13
4.3.1 Flow description 14
5 Security analysis 18
6.1 Time analysis 20
6.1.1 Time analysis of LWRS 20
6.1.2 Time analysis of stealth address 20
6.2 Comparison of ballot signature 22
6.3 Comparison of ballot generation time 23
6.4 Comparison of ballot verification times 24
6.5 Feature comparison 25
6.6 Cost analysis in Blockchain network 25
6.7 System implementation 26
7 Conclusion 27
References 28
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指導教授 葉羅堯(Lo-Yao Yeh) 審核日期 2022-9-12
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