博碩士論文 110326022 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:6 、訪客IP:100.26.176.111
姓名 盧鈺雯(Yu-Wen Lu)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 環境工程研究所
論文名稱 以臭氧深度氧化NO之效率探討
(Evaluation of NO Conversion via Ozone Catalytic Oxidation)
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摘要(中) 本研究開發臭氧結合觸媒之脫硝技術(Ozone catalytic oxidation, OZCO),利用臭氧強氧化之特性,可將煙氣中NO氧化為NO2與N2O5,此系統結合濕式洗滌塔,透過N2O5之高溶解特性有效的去除NOx,研究以TiO2及CeO2為觸媒載體,利用負載不同雙金屬觸媒氧化NO,比較觸媒之間的差異對NO氧化效率之影響。研究主要分為兩大部分探討脫硝技術開發,第一部分為摻雜金屬氧化物之TiO2及CeO2觸媒於NO氧化效率試驗,實驗結果顯示O3/NO比值、操作溫度及停留時間對NO氧化效率皆有重大影響。本研究以含浸法製備10 wt% FeMn/TiO2、CoMn/TiO2及FeMn/CeO2觸媒,FeMn/TiO2於100℃ N2O5產率為79±2.84%,FeMn/CeO2於100℃ N2O5產率為85±1.6%,當操作溫度上升至150℃時,因為動力學及熱力學的限制造成N2O5產率分別下降至48.9±1.03%及46.1±2.0%,此外,當停留時間由1.2 s上升至2.4 s時,未添加觸媒之N2O5產率由22.5±1.24%上升至57±0.62%,採用FeMn/CeO2觸媒之N2O5產率由53±1.9%上升至61±3.7%,由結果可知於較短之停留時間 (1.2 s)添加觸媒可顯著的提升N2O5產率,另外,測試觸媒及溫度對O3分解效率的影響,於未添加觸媒條件,臭氧分解效率隨溫度增加而上升,FeMn/TiO2、CoMn/TiO2及FeMn/CeO2觸媒於25℃~150℃皆展現100%的臭氧分解效率,研究結果顯示本研究製備之觸媒具優異的臭氧分解性能。本研究利用COMSOL Multiphysics軟體建立模型,結果顯示實驗數值與模擬數值整體趨勢接近,但N2O5及NO2之模擬數值略高於實驗數值,可能原因為氣相之N2O5及NO2較不穩定,容易沉積於管壁。最後,設計濕式洗滌塔並串聯臭氧氧化系統,研究不同濃度之N2O5氣流對NO去除效率之影響,以純水為洗滌液,分析出流水之組成分,結果顯示含有較高濃度之N2O5氣流展現接近100%之NOx去除率,且出流水之主要成分為硝酸。
摘要(英) Integration of ozone (O3) catalytic oxidation (OZCO) with wet scrubbing has a high potential for effective removal of NOx, due to the solubility enhancement from oxidation of NO to N2O5. This study focuses on the factors affecting NO oxidation, including the ratio of O3/NO, the operating temperature and the presence of catalyst. Fe, Co, and Mn loaded on TiO2 and CeO2 support material were prepared for experimental tests. The results indicate that the ratio of O3/NO has a critical effect on NO oxidation. When O3/NO ratio < 1, NO is converted to NO2. Meanwhile, NO2 is converted into N2O5 as O3/NO ratio exceeds 1. Notably, with O3/NO ratio of 1.7 and FeMn/CeO2 catalyst, the yield of N2O5 exceeds 80% at 100°C with 2.4 s of residence time, with no ozone leftover is detected. As the temperature is increased to 150℃, N2O5 starts to decompose into NO3 and NO2. In addition, the effects of catalyst and temperature on O3 decomposition efficiency are evaluated. In the absence of a catalyst, the ozone decomposition efficiency increases with increasing temperature. An FeMn/TiO2, CoMn/TiO2 and FeMn/CeO2 catalysts achieve 100% ozone decomposition efficiency within the temperature range of 25°C to 150°C. The results of kinetic model slightly overestimates due to N2O5 deposition on the reactor wall as confirmed by the presence of white powder. This paper demonstrates that the application of N2O5 in an absorption system can effectively reduce the usage of chemicals and water.
關鍵字(中) ★ 臭氧
★ 一氧化氮
★ 五氧化二氮
★ 臭氧催化氧化
關鍵字(英) ★ ozone
★ nitrogen oxides
★ nitrous pentoxide
★ ozone catalytic oxidation
論文目次 摘要 I
Abstract II
誌謝 III
表目錄 VII
圖目錄 VIII
第一章 前言 1
1.1 研究緣起 1
1.2 研究目的 2
第二章 文獻回顧 3
2.1 氧化物之特性、危害及來源 3
2.1.1 氮氧化之特性及危害 3
2.1.2 氮氧化物的來源及控管 4
2.2 氮氧化物之生成機制 6
2.2.1 熱式氮氧化物(Thermal NOx) 6
2.2.2 燃料式氮氧化物(Fuel NOx) 7
2.2.3 瞬式氮氧化物(Prompt NOx) 8
2.3 氮氧化物之控制技術 9
2.3.1 燃燒前處理(Pre-combustion treatment) 9
2.3.2 燃燒修正(Combustion modification) 10
2.3.3 製程修改 11
2.3.4 燃燒後處理(Post-combustion removal) 11
2.4 NO氧化效率比較 15
2.5 溫度對NO氧化效率之影響 17
2.6 停留時間對NO氧化之影響 18
2.7 煙氣成分對NO氧化之影響 20
2.8 臭氧氧化NO之觸媒選擇 21
2.8.1 TiO2觸媒 21
2.8.2 CeO2觸媒 22
2.9 洗滌液 23
2.10 動力學模擬分析 24
第三章 研究方法 26
3.1 研究流程及架構 26
3.2 預備實驗 27
3.2.1 觸媒材料製備 27
3.2.2 觸媒材料之物化特性分析 29
3.3 實驗分析方法 31
3.3.1 檢量線製作 31
3.3.2 測試方法及實驗配置 32
3.4 COMSOL Multiphysics 模擬軟體 36
3.5 實驗結果計算 37
第四章 結果與討論 39
4.1 觸媒基本物化特性分析 39
4.1.1 X射線光電子能譜儀(XPS)分析結果 39
4.1.2 高解析度比表面積分析儀(BET)分析結果 44
4.1.3 X光粉末繞射儀(XRD)晶相鑑定 45
4.1.4 高解析掃描電子顯微鏡 (HRTEM)晶像分析 46
4.2 臭氧催化氧化效率測試 50
4.3 臭氧氧化NO之動力學模擬 61
4.4 洗滌塔之NOx去除效率 66
第五章 結論及建議 69
5.1 結論 69
5.2 建議 70
參考文獻 72
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指導教授 張木彬(Moo-Been Chang) 審核日期 2023-8-9
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