博碩士論文 110328013 詳細資訊




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姓名 王莉惠(Li-Hui Wang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 能源工程研究所
論文名稱 順序熱蒸鍍全無機混合鹵化物鈣鈦礦紅色發光二極體之研究
(The Study of Sequential Vacuum Deposition of All-Inorganic Hybrid Halide Perovskite For Red Light Emitting Diode)
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檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   至系統瀏覽論文 (2026-7-1以後開放)
摘要(中) 鈣鈦礦是一種具有可調能隙特性的材料,可調節其光致和電致發光的波長。透過改變鈣鈦礦結構中的X位鹵化物成份配比,或在A、B位摻雜不同的陽離子,能夠調控出所需的特定光致、電致發光波長,以達到廣色域的目標,涵蓋紅、綠、藍三個原色的CIE色域座標。
本研究使用順序熱蒸鍍法製備鈣鈦礦CsPbI3-xBrx薄膜。在製備過程中,探討了不同製備方式對薄膜成分的影響,以及不同層數的組合,例如:單層的混合鈣鈦礦粉末(CsPbI3+CsPbBr3),如雙層(CsBr/PbI2)、(CsPbI3/CsPbBr3)、(CsI/CsPbI3+CsPbBr3)、三層(CsI/CsPbI3/CsPbBr3)、四層(CsI/CsPbI3/CsI/CsPbBr3)等。
研究主要透過XRD與UV-vis光譜等儀器來分析材料在退火與未退火條件下的成分和結晶型態。透過這些儀器分析資料,評估了不同製程下薄膜成分的變化。
經過仔細的評估和比較後,最終選擇使用單一順序熱蒸鍍CsI/混粉鈣鈦礦(CsPbI3+CsPbBr3)的方法來製備CsPbI3-xBrx薄膜。這種製備方式在順序熱蒸鍍法中表現優異,製程方式較為簡便且較為省時。在退火處理後,通過UV-vis光譜和XRD分析證實薄膜的組成成份和結晶相都符合我們所需的黑色相CsPbI3-xBrx薄膜。
在電致發光(LED發光)方面,在2.74V時,元件達到最大亮度為135.4nit,其CIE1931色度座標為(0.7239, 0.2732),對應的發光波長接近正紅光波長的648nm。
摘要(英) Perovskite is a material with adjustable bandgap properties, allowing for tuning its wavelength in both photoluminescence and electroluminescence. By changing the halide composition ratio or doping different cations, specific photoluminescence and electroluminescence wavelengths can be achieved, covering a wide color range including red, green, and blue CIE1931 color coordinates.
In this study, we prepared Perovskite CsPbI3-xBrx thin films using the sequential thermal evaporation method. Various preparation methods and layer combinations were explored, including single-layer with mixed Perovskite powders (CsPbI3+CsPbBr3), as well as bilayers, trilayers, and quadrilayers.
The composition and crystalline structure of the materials under annealed and non-annealed conditions were analyzed primarily using XRD and UV-vis spectroscopy instruments. The data obtained from these analyses were used to evaluate the variations in film composition under different processes.
After careful assessment and comparison, we selected the single sequential thermal evaporation method with CsI/ mixed Perovskite (CsPbI3+CsPbBr3) to prepare the CsPbI3-xBrx thin films. This preparation method showed excellent performance in terms of simplicity and efficiency during the sequential thermal evaporation process. After annealing treatment, UV-vis spectroscopy and XRD analysis confirmed that the thin film′s composition and crystalline phase met the requirements for the desired black phase CsPbI3-xBrx.
Regarding electroluminescence, the device achieved its maximum brightness of 135.4nit at 2.74V, with CIE1931 color coordinates of (0.7239, 0.2732), corresponding to a near-red light wavelength of 648nm.
關鍵字(中) ★ 全無機混合鹵化物鈣鈦礦
★ 熱蒸鍍
★ 無機混合鹵化物鈣鈦礦紅色發光二極體
關鍵字(英) ★ Sequential Vacuum Deposition
★ All-Inorganic Hybrid Halide Perovskite
★ All-Inorganic Hybrid Halide Perovskite For Red Light Emitting Diode
論文目次 摘要 i
Abstract ii
致謝 iii
目錄 iv
圖目錄 vi
表目錄 ix
第一章 緒論 1
1-1前言 1
1-2鈣鈦礦材料的由來與結構 1
1-3有機-無機鈣鈦礦 2
1-4全無機鈣鈦礦發展 3
1-5鈣鈦礦的合成方式 6
1-5-1 配體輔助再沉積法(Ligand-assisted Reprecipitation, LARP) 6
1-5-2高溫熱注法(Hot-Injection Method, HI) 7
1-6鈣鈦礦薄膜製備方式 11
1-6-1旋轉塗佈法 11
1-6-2熱蒸鍍法 13
1-6-3原子層沉積法(Atomic layer deposition :ALD) 19
1-7鈣鈦礦主動層薄膜的結晶相 21
1-7-1 Goldschmidt公差因子t 21
1-7-2 退火的溫度 22
1-8電洞傳輸層(Hole Transport Layer) 23
1-8各種製備方式比較 24
1-9研究動機 25
第二章 實驗方法 26
2-1實驗用藥品與儀器 26
2-1-1實驗用藥品與基材 26
2-1-2實驗用儀器 26
2-2 實驗步驟 28
2-2-1 ITO基板清潔 28
2-2-3 順序熱蒸鍍製程 28
2-2-4 製程後熱退火 28
2-2-5 碳膠刮塗 29
2-2-6 LED 元件量測 29
2-3 實驗儀器分析介紹 31
2-3-1 掃描式電子顯微鏡(Scanning Electron Microscope, SEM) 31
2-3-2 X-射線繞射儀(X-ray Diffractometer, XRD) 31
2-3-3 紫外線∕可見光分光光譜儀(Ultraviolet -visible spectroscopy, UV-Vis) 31
2-3-4 光諧儀及積分球(Spectrometer & Integrating Sphere) 31
2-3-5 紫外光電子能譜儀(Ultraviolet Photoelectron Spectroscopy, UPS) 31
2-3-6 輝度計(Luminance Colorimeter) 32
2-3-7微示差掃描熱卡分析儀(Differential Scanning Calorimeters ,DSC) 32
三 章 結果與討論 33
3-1結晶相轉換溫度 33
3-2 熱蒸鍍CsPbI3-xBrx薄膜 34
3-2-1順序熱蒸鍍CsBr、PbI2製備CsPbI3-xBrx薄膜 35
3-2-2 順序熱蒸鍍CsPbI3與CsPbBr3製備CsPbI3-xBrx薄膜 38
3-2-3順序熱蒸鍍CsI、CsPbI3、CsI、CsPbBr3製備CsPbI3-xBrx薄膜 40
3-2-4混粉鈣鈦礦(CsPbI3+CsPbBr3) 45
3-2-5順序熱蒸鍍CsI、混粉鈣鈦礦(CsPbI3+CsPbBr3) 47
3-3 主動層UPS 分析 51
3-4 紅光LED 元件結構 53
3-5紅光LED 53
3-6各種熱蒸鍍製備方式比較 54
第四章結論 55
參考文獻 56
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指導教授 詹佳樺 審核日期 2023-8-3
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