博碩士論文 110456025 詳細資訊




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姓名 劉彥葶(Yen-Ting, Liu)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 工業管理研究所在職專班
論文名稱 評選半導體設備產業供應商之研究
(On the Supplier Evaluation and Selection of Semiconductor Equipment Industry Supplier)
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摘要(中) 半導體產業始於1950年代美國矽谷。直至二十一世紀的今日,半導體產業發展趨於成熟,使得5G及AI等智能科技快速發展,需求急遽增加,加上自近年受COVID-19疫情及中美貿易戰影響,致使全球半導體產業競爭愈來愈強,各國半導體產業為提升競爭力紛紛追求生產速度更快速、尺寸更小的晶片,然而這些都需要半導體設備的配合,故半導體產業的發展對於半導體設備產業有著直接且重大的影響。

台灣的半導體產業自1970年代由工研院主導建立第一條半導體製造產線開始,至今已成功發展結合設計、製造與封測的半導體垂直供應鏈,使台灣半導體產業在全球半導體市場佔有一席之地。正因為如此,近年吸引了多家跨國半導體設備供應商來台投資、設廠。而為了滿足半導體市場對於設備的需求,設備商選擇適合的供應商,使得設備符合品質、成本及交期的期待,成為半導體設備產業供應鏈重要的一環。因此,倘若半導體設備供應商能夠建立完善的供應商評選機制,有助其在競爭強烈的產業環境下脫穎而出。

本研究採用層級分析法(Analytic Hierarchy Process;AHP),針對半導體設備產業的「供應商評選」問題,進行供應商評選指標之權重分析評估。透過相關文獻參考篩選出適當的評選準則,並尋求專家的意見調查,以歸納出各項評選準則及屬性並分析其權重值,作為建構日後半導體設備產業「供應商評選」之依據。
摘要(英) The semiconductor industry originates from the Silicon Valley, United States in 1950s. As of today, the 21st century, the development of semiconductor industry has driven to a maturity stage, which makes the intelligent technology such as 5G and artificial intelligence grown rapidly. Furthermore, the global semiconductor industry has become more competitive due to the impact of COVID-19 pandemic and the U.S.-China trade war. In order to enhance the competitiveness, the global semiconductor industry is seeking for the production of smaller and faster chips; however, all these productions need to rely on semiconductor equipment. Therefore, the development of semiconductor industry has a direct and significant impact on semiconductor industry.

The semiconductor industry in Taiwan has already developed a vertical semiconductor supply chain, which combined the design, manufacturing, packaging and testing since the ITRI led the first semiconductor manufacturing production line in 1970s, and makes Taiwan occupies a niche in global semiconductor industry. All the more reason, Taiwan has attracted investment from a lot of multinational semiconductor equipment manufacturers recently. In order to fulfill the demand of the equipment in the industry, supplier selection plays an important role in the semiconductor equipment supply chain, so that it is able to meet the expectation of quality, cost and delivery. Therefore, the manufacturer can stand out in the competitive industrial environment in case they establish a comprehensive supplier selection mechanism.

The thesis uses the Analytic Hierarchy Process method to evaluate the weight of each criteria of the “supplier selection” issue for the semiconductor equipment industry. Summarizing the selection criteria and analyzing the weight of each criteria by sorting the appropriate criteria through the relevant literatures, and seek for the opinion from experts, as the basis of constructing the “supplier selection” issue for semiconductor industry in the future.
關鍵字(中) ★ 半導體
★ 半導體設備產業
★ 供應商評選
★ 層級分析法
關鍵字(英) ★ Semiconductor
★ Semiconductor Equipment Industry
★ Supplier Selection
★ Analytic Hierarchy Process
論文目次 中文摘要 i
ABSTRACT ii
致謝 iii
目錄 iv
圖目錄 vi
表目錄 vii

第一章、緒論 1
1-1 研究背景與動機 1
1-2 研究範圍與目的 2
1-3 章節架構 2

第二章、文獻探討 4
2-1 半導體設備產業 4
2-1-1 半導體設備產業探討 5
2-1-2 半導體設備產品分類 7
2-1-3 全球五大半導體設備供應商 8
2-2 供應鏈管理概述 8
2-2-1 供應鏈管理的定義 8
2-2-2 供應鏈管理模型 - SCOR 10
2-3 供應商評選之研究方法與準則 12
2-3-1 供應商評選之研究方法 12
2-3-2 供應商評選之準則 14

第三章、研究方法 21
3-1 層級分析法(AHP) 21
3-1-1 層級分析法之定義與應用 21
3-1-2 層級分析法之評估尺度 22
3-1-3 層級分析法之實施步驟 23
3-2 AHP問卷設計 27
3-2-1 AHP 研究問卷指標與準則 27
3-2-2 AHP 問卷說明 30

第四章、個案研究結果 31
4-1 個案公司背景簡介 31
4-2 研究問卷彙整 32
4-3 層級架構權重分析 34
4-3-1 主要指標及次準則之權重分析 34
4-3-2 整體權重分析 44

第五章、結論與建議 45
5-1 研究結論 45
5-2 研究建議 47

參考文獻 49
中文文獻 49
英文文獻 50
附錄 53
參考文獻 ㄧ、中文文獻
1. 丁光偉,「建構半導體零組件採購策略遴選準則」,國立臺北科技大學,民國 108 年 5 月。
2. 李正玴,「應用層級分析法建立供應商評選之研究 – 以自助點餐機零件採購為例」,國立臺灣海洋大學,民國 111 年 7 月。
3. 洪陽浩,「台灣半導體設備產業的廠商發展策略之個案研究」,國立陽明交通大學,民國 111 年 6 月。
4. 姚馨玫,「半導體設備廠之供應商評選」,中華大學,民國 111 年 8 月。
5. 許旭昇:一日學會層級分析法(AHP)與網路層級分析法(ANP)。2014年7月24日, 取自https://pdfslide.net/education/ahpanp-2014.html?page=1。
6. 產業價值鏈資訊平台:半導體產業鏈簡介。
取自https://ic.tpex.org.tw/introduce.php?ic=D000 。
7. 褚志鵬,「層級分析法 (AHP) 理論與實作」,國立東華大學企業管理系教學講 義,民國98年。
8. 鄧振源、曾國雄,「分析層級法的內涵特性與應用(上)」,中國統計學報,第二 十七卷第六期,第5-27頁,78年6月。

二、英文文獻
1. APICS, “Supply Chain Operations Reference Model SCOR Version 12.0”, 2017.
2. Browning, John M et al., “Strategic Purchasing Planning”, Journal of Purchasing and Materials Management, Vol.19, No.1, pp.19-24, 1983.
3. Chen, Injazz J and Antony Paulraj, “Towards a Theory of Supply Chain Management: The Constructs and Measurements”, Journal of Operations Management, Vol.22, No.2, pp.119-150, 2004.
4. Choi, Thomas Y and Janet L Hartley, “An Exploration of Suppler Selection Practice across the Supply Chain”, Journal of Operations Management, Vol.14, No.4, pp.333-343, 1996.
5. Christopher, Martin, “Logistics & Supply Chain Management”, Pearson, UK, 2016
6. Christopher, Martin and Denis Towill, “An Integrated Model for the Design of Agile Supply Chains”, International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistic Management, 2001.
7. Cooper, Martha C and Lisa M Ellram, “Characteristics of Supply Chain Management and the Implications for Purchasing and Logistics Strategy”, The International Journal of Logistics Management, Vol.4, No.2, pp.13-24, 1993.
8. Croom, Simon et al., “Supply Chain Management: An Analytical Framework for Critical Literature Review”, European Journal of Purchasing & Supply Management, Vol.6, No.1, pp.67-83, 2000.
9. Dickson, Gary W., “An Analysis of Vendor Selection Systems and Decisions”, Journal of Purchasing, Vol.2, No.1, pp.5-17, 1966.
10. Ellram, Lisa M., “The Supplier Selection Decision in Strategic Partnerships”, Journal Purchasing and Materials Managements, Vol.26, No.4, pp.8-14, 1990.
11. Fisher, Marshall L., “What is the Right Supply Chain for your Product?”, Harvard Business Review, Vol.75, pp.105-117, 1997.
12. Houlihan, John B., “International Supply Chain Management”, International Journal of Physical Distribution & Materials Management, Vol.15, No.1, pp.22-38, 1985.

13. La Londe, Bernard J and James M Masters., “Emerging Logistics Strategies: Blueprints for the Next Century”, International Journal of Physical Distributions & Logistics Management, 1994.
14. Lehmann, Donald R. and John O’shaughnessy, “Decision Criteria Used in Buying Different Categories of Products”, Journal of Purchasing and Materials Management, Vol.18, No.1, pp.9-14, 1982.
15. Li, Suhong et al., “The Impact of Supply Chain Management Practices on Competitive Advantage and Organizational Performance”, Omega, Vol.34, No.2, pp.107-124, 2006.
16. Lummus, Rhonda R. and Robert J. Vokurka, “Defining Supply Chain Management: A Historical Perspective and Practical Guidelines”, Industrial Management & Data Systems, 1999.
17. Modarress, Batoul, “JIT Purchasing as a Quality and Productivity Centre”, The International Journal of Production Research, Vol.26, No.1, pp.19-26, 1988.
18. Online Resources: Semi Equipment related Article.
https://www.semi.org/zh/products-services/market-data/equipment-article-archive
19. Oliver, R Keith and Michael D Webber, “Supply Chain Management: Logistics Catches up with Strategy”, Outlook, Vol.5, No.1, pp.42-47, 1982.
20. Pearson, John N. and Lisa M. Ellram, “Supplier Selection and Evluation in Small Versus Large Electronics Firms”, Journal of Small Business Management, Vol.33, No.4, p.53, 1995.
21. Satty, T.L., “Analytic Hierarchy Process”, McGraw-Hill., New York, 1980.
22. Sevkli, Mehmet et al., “Hybrid Analytic Hierarchy Process Model for Suppluer Selecton”, Industrial Management & Data Systems, Vol.108, No.1, pp.122-142, 2008.
23. Taherdoost, Hamed and Aurélie Brard, “Analyzing the Process of Supplier Selection Criteria and Methods”, Procedia Manufacturing, Vol.32, pp.1024-1034, 2019.
24. VerWey, John, “The Health and Competitiveness of the US Semiconductor Manufacturing Equipment Industry”, Available at SSRN 3413951, 2019
25. Weber, Charles A et al., “Vendor Selection Criteria and Methods” European Journal of Operational Research, Vol.50, No.1, pp.2-18, 1991
26. Wu, Zhaohui and Mark Pagell, “Balancing Priorities: Decision-Making in Sustainable Supply Chain Management”, Journal of Operations Management, Vol.29, No.6, pp.577-590, 2011.
27. Yahya, Salleh and B Kingsman. “Vendor Rating for an Entrepreneur Development Programme: A Case Study Using Analytic Hierarchy Process Method” Journal of the Operational Research Society, Vol.50, No.9, pp.916-930, 1999.
指導教授 高信培(Hsing-Pei Kao) 審核日期 2023-6-19
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