博碩士論文 82342003 詳細資訊




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姓名 葉根(Ken Yeh)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 土木工程學系
論文名稱 適應性模糊滑動模態控制在結構工程上應用之研究
(Applications of adaptive fuzzy sliding mode control in structural engineering)
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摘要(中) 模糊滑動模態控制可以幫助模糊控制滿足傳統控制理論的一些要求,並且可以簡化模糊控制的變數個數,進而降低模糊控制控制法則的數目。模糊滑動模態控制可因隸屬函數的定義位置不同,使得控制在不同狀況有不同的控制力變化率,達到更有效的控制。在強健控制設計時必須假設系統參數變化範圍與外界干擾上限均為已知,但在許多已知應用系統中,這些變化範圍並不易估算,所以只得過估其不確定界(uncertain bounds)以確保滑動模態迫近條件成立。本文提出以適應性模糊模態控制予以解決,初始時控制器先給予一個估計的上界,經由以Lyapunov 理論所推導出的調整法則(adaptive law),調整以模糊邏輯系統(fuzzy logic system)為控制器架構中的隸屬函數的位置,不僅調整上界,對內部的各控制變數的隸屬函數亦同時予以調整,所以可以修正原先大略設計的控制器,使其更具控制效率。
本文將提出以輸出回饋的方法,來決定控制力的大小,利用強健性輸出回饋滑動模態控制設計,為了使滑動模態動力行為的強健性最大,採用正規矩陣設計。
本文最終將發展出一可處理非線性、不確定性的強健控制,而且其具有可調整的能力,並將其應用於土木結構中。土木結構將探討橋梁與房屋結構,橋梁有三種形式,分別為未安裝隔震裝置、裝置LRB、裝置摩擦滑動式隔震橋梁;房屋結構將研究應用於裝置LRB、裝置摩擦滑動式隔震的房屋結構,使用的地震力除了真正發生的El Centro 地震、集集大地震,並將以長週期人工地震、寬頻白訊(wide pass white noise)人工地震,以驗證本控制法的有效性。
關鍵字(中) ★ 適應性模糊滑動模態控制
★ 輸出回饋
關鍵字(英) ★ adaptive fuzzy sliding mode control
★ output feedback
論文目次 封面
誌謝
摘要
Abstract
目錄
圖目錄
表目錄
第一章 緒論
1-1 引言
1-2 研究目的及動機
1-3 論文研究內容
第二章 文獻回顧
2-1 結構控制文獻回顧
2-2 模糊控制文獻回顧
第三章 強健控制:滑動模態控制
3-1 緒論
3-2 可變結構控制特性
3-3 理論基礎與控制器設計
第四章 適應性模糊滑動模態控制
4-1 前言
4-2 結構物的系統方程式
4-3 滑動面(切換超平面)設計
4-4 滑動模態控制器設計
4-5 模糊滑動模態控制
4-6 適應性模糊滑動模態控制
4-7 驗證與結果
第五章 適應性模糊滑動模態控制的輸出回饋(output feedback)設計
5-1 緒論
5-2 系統描述
5-3 輸出回饋的滑動面設計
5-4 強健性輸出回饋滑動模態控制設計
5-5 驗證與結果
第六章 結論與討論
6-1 結論
6-2 討論
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指導教授 蔣偉寧(Wei-Ling Chiang) 審核日期 2000-7-17
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