博碩士論文 85247004 詳細資訊




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姓名 林唐煌( Tang-Huang Lin)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 太空科學研究所
論文名稱 利用衛星資料求取大氣氣溶膠光學厚度之研究與應用
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摘要(中) 在氣溶膠光學厚度反演結果之應用則包括衛星影像之大氣校正,以獲取正確的地表資訊,增進衛星遙測地球資源之能力與應用層次。此外,在空氣品質監測的應用亦為本研究重點之一,其最重要的兩個步驟包括高精度大氣氣溶膠光學厚度之取得,以及具代表性的氣溶膠粒徑參數之建立,均可由本研究獲得。為尋求有效且具代表性之氣溶膠粒徑參數,本研究分析三年多的地面觀測資料,建立北台灣地區具代表性且穩定之各季節氣溶膠平均粒徑的參數資料,克服隨時間變化劇烈的粒徑分布之難題,以提供衛星資料在檢測空氣品質及大氣環境等相關研究之應用。應用結果顯示,除在衛星影像之大氣校正獲得極佳的結果外,亦證實利用衛星觀測資料檢測空氣品質具極高之可行性,並可建立台灣地區之即時空氣品質檢(監)測系統。
關鍵字(中) ★ 密暗像元
★ 氣溶膠光學厚度
★ 結構函數
★ 最佳位距數
★ 氣溶膠平均粒徑參數
關鍵字(英)
論文目次 封面
摘要
誌謝
目錄
表目錄
圖目錄
第一章、前言
第二章、氣溶膠光學厚度研究模式之回顧
2.1 結構函數法
2.2 頻散係數法
2.3 暗密植被法
2.4 氣溶膠光學厚度與大氣混濁度之關係
第三章、衛星資料特性與輻射儀器觀測資料之簡介
3.1 SPOT 衛星及HRV感測器之簡介
3.2 NOAA 衛星及AVHRR感測器之簡介
3.3 GMS 衛星及S-VISSR感測器之簡介
3.4 Sun photometer儀器及資料特性之簡介
第四章、氣溶膠光學厚度計算模式之測試分析及改進
4.1 結構函數法之測試及分析
4.2 結構函數法之改進-多方向平均結構函數
4.3 結構函數法之改進-最佳位距數
4.4 結果分析與討論
第五章、應用衛星資料求取大氣氣溶膠光學厚度
5.1 應用結構函數法於SPOT HRV衛星資料求取大氣氣溶膠光學厚度
5.2 應用頻散係數法於SPOT HRV衛星資料求取大氣氣溶膠光學厚度
5.3 應用結構函數法於NOAA AVHRR衛星資料求取陸地區域大氣氣溶膠光學厚度
5.4 應用NOAA AVHRR衛星資料求取海洋區域大氣氣溶膠參數之測試分析
5.5 應用結構函數法於GMS S-VISSR衛星資料求取大氣氣溶膠光學厚度
第六章、大氣氣溶膠光學厚度之應用
6.1 SPOT HRV衛星影像之大氣校正
6.2 大氣混濁度之計算與空氣品質之偵測
6.3 區域性氣溶膠粒徑參數之分析及資料建立
第七章、結論與展望
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指導教授 陳哲俊(Jer-Jiunn Chen) 審核日期 2001-7-16
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