博碩士論文 85346001 詳細資訊




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姓名 許鎮龍( Chen-Lung Hsu)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 環境工程研究所
論文名稱 生物擔體渠道淨化二級生物處理放流水氮化物之特性探討
(Nitrogen Removal for purification the secondary biological treated wastewater by biofilm channel)
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摘要(中) 研究發現渠道內之硝化及脫硝速率深受流速之影響,於起始亂流之流況,可得較佳之總凱氏氮及總氮之去除速率,氮化物轉化速率與基質濃度呈零階反應,生物擔體渠道可同時進行硝化及脫硝反應,於氮化物轉化路徑中,發現吸附於生物膜上及底泥之懸浮固體物,於生物膜厚度上產生溶氧梯度及其水解提供碳源,可能是進行脫硝之主因。經本渠道淨化之RBC 放流水,經淨化後可滿足台灣省灌溉用水短期使用之總氮建議限值規定,使其運用於灌溉用水為可行。本研究就平板渠道實驗所得之COD及氮化物轉化速率,以動態調配法運用於不同之管網配置及流況下,對於COD及氮化物最低濃度推求之嘗試,經演算後認為可行。
摘要(英) The results found that nitrification and denitrification rates were highly influenced by the velocity, at the range of turbulent flow achieved the better Total Kjeldahl nitrogen (TKN) and total nitrogen (TN) removal rates. Nitrification and denitrification processes occurred simultaneously in the natural biofilm channel. The trapped suspended solid on the biofilm formed an anoxic environment and its hydrolysis offered carbon source might be the main reason for denitrification at low COD and high dissolved oxygen concentrations in the bulk solution. The treated RBC effluent purified by biofilm channel to fit the TN-N or TKN concentrations to be 10 mg/l below for irrigation usage was possible. The types of biofilm carriers and velocity should be considered in developing purification model in biofilm channel. Dynamic Programming was proved to be useful for predicting the optimal COD and nitrogen concentrations at the outlets of various sewer alignments.
關鍵字(中) ★ 二級放流水
★ 灌溉用水
★ 硝化
★ 脫硝
★ 動態調配
關鍵字(英) ★ Biological treated wastewater
★ irrigation
論文目次 封面
目次
第一章 前言
1.1 研究緣起
1.2 研究目的及內容
第二章 文獻回顧
2.1 生物除氮之反應作用
2.2 水體中氮化合物之循環及其性質
2.3 硝化作用
2.4 脫硝作用
2.5 生物膜附著性生長
2.6 基質在河渠中傳輸及轉化
2.7 淺緩渠道之生物膜動力反應
2.8 接觸材料充填水路淨化法
2.9 灌溉用水水質需求
2.10 都市污水處理廠進放流水水質
第三章 實驗方法與步驟
3.1 批次試驗
3.2 現場連續流試驗
3.3 檢驗方法
第四章 於淺流渠道中不同材質及流速對氮化物之轉化特性探討(批次試驗)
4.1 附著於Ball-A及Ball-B渠道之生物膜質量
4.2 Ball-A 及Ball-B渠道之氨氮去除率分析
4.3 Ball-A 及Ball-B渠道之NO3-N轉化率
4.4 Ball-A 及Ball-B渠道之NOx (NO2-N + NO3-N) 轉化率
4.5 Ball-A 及Ball-B渠道之總凱氏氮(TKN)轉化率
4.6 Ball-A 及Ball-B渠道之總氮(TN)轉化率
4.7 擔體對各氮化合物轉化之影響
4.8 渠道內置平板或是敷以擔體對氨氮去除之影響
4.9 初步結論
第五章 淨化二級生物處理放流水氮化物轉化特性 (連續試驗)
5.1 RBC放流水中氮化物於生物擔體渠道中之轉化
5.2 ASP放流水中氮化物於生物擔體渠道中之轉化
5.3 ASP及RBC放流水再經渠道淨化之綜合討論
5.4 RBC及ASP放流水淨化為灌溉用水之可行性
5.5 硝化與脫硝反應之最佳pH
5.6 基質於渠道內之去除百分率
5.7 初步結論
第六章 氮化物於渠道中轉化路徑之建立
6.1 氮化物於渠道中轉化程序
6.2 氮化物於渠道中之轉化路徑說明
6.3 初步結論
第七章 動態調配法運用於淺流渠道中之水質預測
7.1 於高溶氧(DO)及低COD濃度之轉化速率
7.2 於低溶氧(DO)及高COD濃度之轉化速率
7.3 於高溶氧(DO)及高COD濃度之轉化
7.4 動態調配於管網預測最佳水質之運用
7.5 初步結論
第八章 綜合結論與建議
8.1 綜合結論
8.2 建議
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指導教授 歐陽嶠暉(Chaio-Fuei Ouyang) 審核日期 2001-1-9
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