博碩士論文 85445004 詳細資訊


姓名 吳建臺(Chien-Tai Wu)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 財務金融學系
論文名稱 動能投資策略分析
(Analysis of Momentum Investment Strategies)
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摘要(中) 本論文主要研究動能投資策略,第一個部分探討以個股為操作對象之動能策略,及以投組為操作對象之動能策略,兩者報酬結構之差異,並解釋造成個股動能與投組動能在長短期報酬表現不同之原因。更明確地說,藉由將投組動能報酬拆解為個股報酬的時間可預測性(而非投組報酬的時間可預測性)以及期望報酬的橫斷面變異,本文得以清楚比較造成投組動能與個股動能策略報酬差異的原因。利用CRSP資料實證的結果顯示,個股橫斷面相關對投組動能報酬的影響,區分為兩個部分,不管個股橫斷面相關的符號為何,此兩部分都將彼此相互抵銷部份效果,此外,投組動能會大幅稀釋個股自我相關對動能報酬之影響,同時降低期望報酬橫斷面變異的效果。投組動能的上述特性加上個股時間數列可預測性的型態,是造成個股動能與投組動能策略報酬差異之原因。本論文的第二個部分是探討跨國動能投資策略,隨著全球化的持續進行,各國資本市場的日益開放與整合,跨國投資成為常態,因此跨國投資策略的研究益形重要。利用Datastream資料庫全球股價資料進行的實證結果顯示,動能報酬存在於視全世界為一整體的股票市場內,且在此單一的整體市場中,不管是個股動能或投組動能皆能獲利。在動能報酬來源方面,個股動能的報酬主要來自期望報酬的橫斷面變異,國家投組與產業投組的報酬來源有相當大的比例來自投組時間數列的可預測性,但兩者又有所區別,時間數列可預測性對國家投組動能的貢獻主要來自國家投組自我相關的部分,而產業投組動能則主要來自產業投組橫斷面相關部分。
摘要(英) This thesis is consisted of two essays that investigate various aspects of the momentum investment strategies. The first essay investigates the sources of individual stock-based and portfolio-based momentum profits by decomposing the portfolio-based momentum profits into time-series predictability of individual stock returns, and brings out the explanations of different performances of the two different kinds of momentum strategies in different investment horizons. Empirical findings reveal that the effects of cross-autocorrelation on portfolio-based momentum are divided into two parts; regardless signs of the cross-autocorrelations, this two parts will cancel out each other partly. Besides, the formation of portfolio will dilute the effects of autocorrelation on portfolio momentums and reduce the cross-sectional variation in expected returns. The characteristics of portfolio-based momentum mentioned above, and the time-series characteristics of individual returns, are the main reasons that cause different performance. The second essay analyzes global momentum strategies. Using Datastream database, we found that momentum profits exist in global stock markets as a whole, no matter individual stock-based or portfolio-based momentum. The profits of individual stock-based momentum mostly come from cross-sectional variation in expected returns, but a large part of portfolio-based momentum returns comes from time-series predictability. For country momentum, it is autocorrelation that contributes momentum profits, and for industry momentum, it is cross-autocorrelation that contributes momentum profits.
關鍵字(中) ★ 橫斷面共變異
★ 自我共變異
★ 動能投資策略
關鍵字(英) ★ cross-autocorrelation
★ autocorrelation
★ momentum strategy
論文目次 第一章 介紹..............................................1
第二章 個股與投組動能投資策略之差異......................5
第一節 本章摘要........................................5
第二節 前言............................................5
第三節 理論模型.......................................10
一、個股與投組序列共變異矩陣..........................10
二、個股與投組動能策略報酬之拆解與比較................12
三、個股與投組動能策略報酬之期限結構..................17
第四節 實證資料與方法.................................18
第五節 實證結果分析...................................21
一、個股與投組動能策略報酬............................21
二、個股與投組動能策略報酬之差異來源..................23
(一)個股動能報酬來源拆解............................23
(二)投組動能報酬來源拆解............................24
(三)分析與比較......................................29
第六節 本章結論.......................................32
第三章 跨國動能投資策略分析.............................35
第一節 本章摘要.......................................35
第二節 前言...........................................35
第三節 資料來源與處理.................................38
第四節 研究方法.......................................41
一、動能投資策略......................................41
二、動能投資策略獲利性之拆解..........................42
第五節 實證結果分析...................................44
一、跨國動能策略報酬..................................44
(一)個股動能報酬....................................44
(二)國家投組動能策略報酬............................46
(三)產業投組動能報酬................................49
(四)分析與比較......................................51
二、動能策略報酬來源..................................52
(一)個股動能策略報酬來源拆解........................52
(二)國家投組動能策略報酬來源拆解....................54
(三)產業投組動能報酬來源拆解........................56
(四)分析與比較......................................56
第六節 本章結論.......................................58
第四章 結論.............................................60
參考文獻.................................................62
附錄.....................................................66
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指導教授 周賓凰(Pin-Huang Chou) 審核日期 2006-5-23
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