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姓名 鍾鼎國(Ting-Kuo Jung)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 太空科學研究所
論文名稱 日出前及日落後電離層高度變化之研究
(Ionospheric variation in presunrise and postsunset period)
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摘要(中) 摘 要
利用全球電離層觀測站所測得之電離層參數,比較及分析不同經緯度之高層及低層電離層高度及電子濃度,發現電離層高層普遍存在日出前及日落後之高度抬升現象。針對日出前層峰高度之變化和太陽黑子數、中性風、地理及地磁緯度與磁傾角等影響電離層之機制,做進一步之探討,發現日出前抬升(PSL)現象之地理對稱性較地磁及磁傾角對稱性明顯,而與太陽活動性無關,進而由分析資料推斷 PSL 在磁赤道附近應以東西向電場的貢獻為主,其它地區則主要受子午向中性風所控制。對於日落後高層電離層之抬升現象,經由分析資料驗證應為日落後東向電場反轉前增強所造成,其範圍不局限在磁赤道地區,且與太陽黑子數呈正相關。本論文亦對低層電離層之電子濃度及高度作一比較及分類,藉由對各層之認識以了解影響電離層之動力機制。
摘要(英) Abstract
Examining the parameters foF2、 h’’F、 foEs and h’’Es recorded by ionosonde to study the diurnal、 seasonal、latitudinal and solar activity variations in heights and plasma frequencies. The results show that foF2 yields maximum values at the two equatorial anomaly regions. The minimum values in the northern and southern anomaly regions appear in summer and winter, respectively. In general, the foF2 value is in proportion to the sunspot number.
It is found that there are always exist ionospheric height lift in pre-sunrise and post sunset periods at higt attitude and h’’F lifts in its attitude during pre-sunrise and post sunset periods. For the latitudinal distribution the pre-sunrise covers a greater range in southern hemisphere than in northern. Moreover, the pre-sunrise lifts in the northern and southern reach their maximum va1ues in winter and spring, respectively.
The lifts of the post sunset appear mainly in stations HU、VA and TT of the southern hemisphere. The most clear signatures usually found in summer. The lift in altitude is also in proportion to the sunspot number.
The foEs value in northern hemisphere is possibly greater than 5MHz. No obvious relationship can be found between foEs value and sunspot. h’’Es lifts its altitude simply during morning period in winter and early spring and during both early morning and afternoon periods during late spring-fall. The lifts increase while the latitude decreases in the northern hemisphere. However, there is no latitudinal and solar activity effect found in the southern hemisphere. Finally, the lifts signatures in h’’F and h’’Es indicate that the E × B vertical drift and Zonal/meridional wind plays an important role.
關鍵字(中) ★ 太陽黑子
★ 子午向中性風
★ 電離層F層虛高
★ 電離層散塊E層虛高
關鍵字(英) ★ sunspot number
★ h'F
★ h'Es
★ meridional wind
論文目次 第一章 緒論…………………………………………………………1
1.1 研究背景及研究動機…………………………….…………4
1.2 內容概述………………………………………….…………5
第二章 電離層及其觀測…………………………………..………..6
2.1 電離層及其結構…………………………………….………6
2.2 電離層的觀測………………………………………….……8
第三章 電離層的主要動力機制………………………………..….12
3.1 東西向電場模式……………………………….….…….….14
3.2 子午向中性風模型………………………….….……….….17
3.3 日落前電場反轉增強效應………………………..…….….19
第四章 高層電離層之資料分析………………………….…….….22
4.1 台灣地區電離層F 層高度之觀測 ...……………..….….22
4.2 中低緯度電離層F 層高度之觀測 ……………..…….….25
4.2.1 日出前抬升與太陽活動性之關係 ..…….………..…33
4.2.2 日出前抬升之緯度效應 ....…………..………..….42
4.3 日落後F 層底層高度的抬升 ………………………… .49
第五章 低層電離層之觀測與資料分析
5.1 台灣地區電離層散塊E 層之觀測 …………..…………56
5.2 中低緯度電離層散塊E 層之觀測………………………58
第六章 結論與討論 ……………………………………………..……71
參考文獻…………………………………………………………………76
參考文獻 參 考 文 獻
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許文榮,日出前電離層層鋒高度之研究, 國立中央大學太空科學研究所碩士論文, 中壢, 1988
賴心儀,地磁中、低緯度電離層動力機制之研究, 國立中央大學太空科學研究所碩士論文, 中壢, 1990
指導教授 劉正彥(Jinng-Yen Liu) 審核日期 2006-7-4
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