博碩士論文 86247002 詳細資訊


姓名 郭宗華(Tsung-Hua Kuo)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 太空科學研究所
論文名稱
(Retrievals of Temperature/Moisture Parameters from AMSUand Its Application in Typhoon Monitoring)
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    至系統瀏覽論文 ( 永不開放)
摘要(中) 由1998年新一代的氣象衛星NOAA-15升空後,其所攜帶的新一代先進微波探測單元,AMSU,有比以往的剖線探測器更高的空間解析力及頻道解析力,因此,此新儀器資料能提供我們更強的颱風分析能力。本研究之目的即在於建立NOAA AMSU 資料的溫濕度剖線的反演方法,並利用其反演結果分析颱風參數。
在溫濕度剖線反演,本研究是使用IAPP程式套求得剖線,並與台灣地區6個探空站相較,其溫度剖線的RMSE約為2.5K。而在颱風分析方面,本研究利用靜力流體平衡及梯度風方程兩個假設導出颱風徑向方向最大風速做為颱風強度的指標。另外並建立temperature anomaly與最大風速間的迴歸關係。另外,本研究也建立路徑預測的迴歸方程。由於AMSU資料有比MSU資料更好的空間解析,因此其分析結果都較MSU資料結果來的佳。
摘要(英) The goal of this study is to use NOAA AMSU data to retrieve the atmospheric temperture/moisture profiles, and use the result for typhoon monitoring. AMSU can provide a better much spatial resolution in 48 km than its firstrunner, MSU. Hence, it provides a more powerful capacity in typhoon monitoring. In retrievals, this study used IAPP package to obtain the atmospheric profiles, and got a accuracy at 2.5 K or so. Meanwhile, this study used the retrieved temperature field to derive the typhoon maximum wind speed. Again, this study used the derived the parameters to construct the typhoon prediction model in predict the typhoon track/intensity variations.
關鍵字(中) ★ 颱風
★ 衛星
★ amsu
關鍵字(英) ★ amsu
★ satellite
★ typhoon
論文目次 Table of Contents
Abstract i
Table of Content ii
Figure Captions iii
I. Introduction 1
1.1 Historical Background 1
1.2 Motivations 4
1.3 Research Review 6
II. Theory and Methodology 11
2.1 Microwave Radiative Transfer Equation 11
2.2 Temperature/Moisture Profile Retrievals 12
2.3 Relationship between Temperature Anomalies and Maximum Wind Speed 14
III. Data and Pre-processing 17
3.1 AMSU Data 17
3.2 HIRS/3 Data 18
3.3 Data Pre-processing 19
3.3.1 Image navigation 21
3.3.2 Radiance calibration 24
3.3.3 Other Pre-processing 25
IV. Results and Discussions 27
4.1 Retrieved Temperature Fields 27
4.2 Maximum Wind Speeds 29
4.3 Typhoon Intensity and brightness temperature 30
V. Conclusions and Outlook 33
References 55
Table of Content
Table 2-1 Comparison of the oxygen and water vapor transmittance computed by our fast model and the fast model used Rosenkranz algorithm. 35
Table 3-1 Specifications of the AMSU Channels; F1 stands for 57290.334 MHz ). 36
Table 4-1. Statistical comparisons of typhoon intensity estimations using different
brightness temperature. 37
Fig. 1.1 Picture of Sputnik. 38
Fig. 1-2 Picture of NOAA. 38
Fig. 2-1 Flow Chart of construction of as fast transmittance model. 39
Fig. 3-1 FOV of MSU (dark circle) and AMSU (line circle). 40
Fig. 3-2 Transmittance of H2O and O2 for AMSU channels. 40
Fig. 3-3 AMSU channel frequency. 41
Fig. 3-4 AMSU weighting function. 42
Fig. 3-5 MSU weighting function. 43
Fig. 3-6 Navigation reference frames. 44
Fig. 3-7 Zenith angles definition. 44
Fig. 3-8 Azimuth angles definition. 45
Fig. 4.1 Track of typhoons analyzed in this study. 46
Fig 4-2. (a.) The relationship between typhoon intensities and longitude, (b) same as (a), but for longitude. 49
Fig. 4-3 The temperature/moisture field retrieved from AMSU data of 2003/09/01 05:55Z. 50
Fig. 4-4 The maximum wind speed derived from AMSU of Typhoon Soudelor, (a) 2003/06/17/06Z, (b)2003/06/18/06Z, unit in m/sec. 54
參考文獻 Allison, L. J., E. B. Rodgers, T. T. Wiheit, and R. W. Fett, 1974: Tropical cyclone rainfall as mesured by the Nimbus 5 electrically scanning microwave radiometer. Bulletin of American Meteorological Society, Vol. 55, No. 9, 1074-1089.
Ahrens, C. D., 1999: Meteorological Today: an introduction to weather, climate, and the environment. 6th ed., Brooks/Cole, Thomson Learning, USA, pp.528, plus Appendixes.
Brueske, K. F., and C. S. Velden, 2003: Satellite-based tropical intensity estimation using the NOAA-KLM series Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU). Monthly Weather Review, Vol. 131, 687-697.
Burns, B. A., X. Wu, and G. R. Diak, 1997: Effects of Precipitation and cloud ice on brightness temperatures in AMSU moisture channels. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 35, No. 6, 1429-1437.
Chang, S. W., A. J. Randall Jr., S. Raman, and J. –J., Shi, 1993: SSM/I observations of ERICA IOP 4, marine cyclone: a comparison with in situ observations and model simulation. Monthly Weather Review, Vol. 121, 2452-2464.
Drezen, C. and P. Bryere: 1999: General specifications for the AAPP Preprocessing Package related to the NOAA polar orbiting weather satellites---Scientific part. Meteo-France, France, 65 pages.
Dvorak, V. F., 1975: Tropical cyclone intensity analysis and forecasting from satellite imagery. Vol. 103, 420-430.
Dvorak, V. F., 1984: Tropical cyclone intensity analysis using satellite data. NOAA Tech Report NESDIS 11, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D. C..
EUMETSAT, 1999: AAPP-Installation Guide---ATOVS and AVHRR Processing Package (AAPP), Version V3.0, Darmstadt, Germany, 14 pages.
Fett, R. W., 1966: Upper-level structure of the formative tropical cyclone, Monthly Weather Review, Vol. 94, 9-18.
Frank, W. M., 1977: The structure and energetic of the tropical cyclone---Part I: storm structure. Monthly Weather Review, Vol. 105, 1119-1135.
Fritz, S., L. F. Hubert, and A. Timchalk, 1966: Some inferences from satellite pictures of tropical distributions. Monthly Weather Review, 94, 231-236.
Grody, N. C., C. M. Hayden, and W. C. C. Shen, 1979: Typhoon June winds estimated from scanning microwave spectrometer measurements at 55.45 GHz. Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 84, No. C7, 3689-3695.
Grody, N., 1983: Severe storm observations using the microwave sounding unit. Journal of Climate and Applied Meteorology, Vol. 22, 609-625.
Grody, N., J. Zhao, R. Ferraro, F. Weng, and R. Boers, 2001: Determination of precipitable water over oceans from the NOAA 15 Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit. Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 106, No, D3, 2943-2953.
Kidder, S. Q., W. M. Gray, and T. H. Vonder Harr, 1980: Tropical cyclone surface pressure and winds from satellite microwave data. Monthly Weather Review, Vol. 108, 144-152.
Kidder, S. Q., M. D. Goldberg, R. M. Zehr, M. DeMaria, J. F. W. Purdom, C. S. Velden, N. C. Grody, and S. J. Kusselson, 2000: Satellite analysis of tropical cyclones using the Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU). Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 81, No. 6, 1241-1259.
King, J. I. F., 1956: The radiative heat of planet Earth. In “Scientific uses of Earth satellite”, 133-136, University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor.
Li, J., W. Wolf, W. P. Menzel, W. Zhang, H. –L. Huang, T. H. Achtor, and H. M. Woolf, International ATOV Processing Package: The algorithm development and its application in real data processing. 9 pages, an attached document of IAPP v2.0 Package.
Li, J., W. W. Wolf, W. P. Menzel, W. Zhang, H. –L Huang, and T. H. Achtor, 2002: Global soundings of the atmosphere from ATOVS measurements: the algorithm and validation. Journal of Applied Meteorology, Vol. 39, 1248-1268.
Liu, G. –R., T. -H. Kuo, P. –Y. Leu, and T. –H Lin, and C. –C. Liu, 2001: An estimation of typhoon intensity and the prediction of its track by using MSU data, Terrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, Vol. 12, No. 4, 615-634 (the Best Paper of the Meteorological Society of the Republic of China, Taiwan in 2001).
Li, J., W. W. Wolf, W. P. Menzel, W. Zhang, H. L. Huang, and T. H. Achtor, 2000: Global sounding of the atmosphere from ATOVS measurements: the algorithm and validation. Journal of Applied Meteorology, Vol. 39, 1248-2953.
Marsouin, A., and P. Brunel, 1991: Navigation of AVHRR images using ARGOS or TBUS bulletins. International Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 12, 1575-1592.
NOAA, 1988: NESS 107: Data and calibration of TIROS-N/NOAA radiometer. NOAA. NOAA Technical Memorandum-Planet.
Petty, B. W, and D. K. Miller, 1994: Satellite microwave observation of precipitation correlated with intensification rate in extratropical oceanic cyclones. Monthly Weather Review, Vol. 123, 1904-1911.
Raghavan, S., and S. Rajesh, 2003: Trends in tropical cyclone impact---a study in Andhra Pradesh, India, Bulletin of American Meteorological Society, Vol. 84, No.5, 635-644.
Rodgers, E. B., S. W. Chang, and H. F. Pierce, 1993: A satellite observational and numerical study of precipitation characteristics in western north Atlantic tropical cyclones. Journal Applied Meteorology, Vol. 33, 129-139.
Roger, A. P. Jr. and Roger A. P. Sr., 1997: Hurricanes, their Nature and Impacts on Society. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., England, pp.279.
Rosenkranz, P. W. and D. H. Staelin, 1978: Typhoon June (1975) viewed by a scanning microwave spectrometer. Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 83, No. C4, 1857-1868.
Rosenkranz, P. W., 2001: Retrieval of temperature and moisture profiles from AMSU-A and AMSU-B measurements. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 39, No. 11, 2429-2435.
Spencer, R. W., and W. D. Braswell, 2001: Atlantic tropical cyclone monitoring with AMSU-A: Estimation of maximum sustained wind speeds. Monthly Weather Review, Vol. 129, 1518-1532.
Sadler, J. C., 1964: Tropical cyclones of the Eastern North Pacific as revealed by TIROS observations. Journal Applied Meteorology, Vol. 3, 347-366.
Smith, W. L., H. M. Woolf, C. M. Hayden, D. C. Wark, and L. M. McMillin, 1979: The TIROS-N Operational Vertical Sounder. Bulletin of American Meteorological Society, 60, 1177-1187.
Tseng, C. –Y., 1988: Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere from Satellite, Bo-Hai- Town Cultural Foundation Co., Taipei, Taiwan, 630 pages (in Chinese).
Velden, C. S., and W. L. Smith, 1983: Monitoring tropical cyclone evolution with NOAA satellite microwave observation. Journal of Climate and Applied Meteorology, Vol. 22, 714-724.
Velden, C. S., B. M. Goodman, and R. T. Merrill, 1991: Western North Pacific tropical cyclone intensity estimation from NOAA polar-orbiting satellite microwave data. Monthly Weather Review, Vol. 119, 159-168.
Wolf, W., P. van Delst, J. Li, W. Zhang, T. H. Achtor, H. Woolf, H.-L. Huang, and P. Mensel, 6 pages, an attached document of IAPP v2.0 Package.
指導教授 劉振榮(Gin-Rong Liu) 審核日期 2004-7-15
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡