姓名 俞振舟(Chen-Chou Yu) 查詢紙本館藏 畢業系所 英美語文學系 論文名稱 夏娃：失樂園中的馴化
("Return Fair Eve": The Reclamation of Eve in Paradise Lost)
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摘要(中) 夏娃一直以來是個備受爭議的角色, 在失樂園中, 作者賦予夏娃身為人的主體性, 她會思考,也有感覺, 懂得選擇,也因為這個主體性,讓伊甸園的主宰倍感威脅,為了維持伊甸社會的秩序, 上帝運用多種手段,企圖馴化夏娃, 諷刺的是,這手段最後被其敵人, 撒旦,用來解放夏娃,最後導致伊甸社會的崩解,本論文即是要討論此手段,以及夏娃如何在馴化的過程中,保有並展現其主體性. 摘要(英) Abstract
Paradise Lost, as an epic about “man’s first disobedience” (I. 1), does not deal with the proposed theme directly. The actual disobedience is depicted only in Book IX. Through this arrangement, John Milton presents one of “Things unattempted yet in prose or rhyme” (I. 16) in the poetry that I am seeking to discuss. Namely, Milton creates Eve as a subject with subjectivity that can feel and think and that can eventually ignore the oppressive situation in the society of Eden ruled by God when choosing what to do. Eve has the desire for an other self. She can tell whose appearance is less fair between Adam and the image in the waters. She knows her responsibility of taking care of the garden. She has the ability to choose whether to eat the forbidden fruit or not and to choose where to stay.
In this thesis, my task is to explain how the poet uses hairstyles to convey Eve’s ambiguous and sifting status in Eden and how Eve’s subjectivity is reclaimed when she is newly born, because God is trying to establish hierarchical relationship with man by giving her to Adam as a precious gift. Then, when God tries to domesticate human beings by directing what to eat and how to eat, Satan imitates God’s strategy of controlling human eating and then overturns His kingdom, and Eve, in this context, is no longer the helper and the passive gift of her husband, but a helper of Satan and a positive participant of social activities. Eve, by the end of the story, not only takes her subjectivity back, for she eventually makes her won decision to stay with Adam, but also creates an infinite future for human beings, though she and Adam are expelled from the Paradise. Even in God’s oppressive domestication, Eve still keeps her lively and unrestrained character, which is just like her tendrils showing us.
關鍵字(中) ★ 失樂園
關鍵字(英) ★ reclamation
★ Paradise Lost
★ gift exchange
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
Chapter 2 Fit Help and Pleasant Help 11
Chapter 3 Control of Eating and Sustenance of the Social Order 23
Chapter 4 The Change of Eve’s Role and Position 38
Chapter 5 Conclusion 50
Work Cited 57
參考文獻 Work Cited
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指導教授 林錥鋕(Yuh-Jyh Lin) 審核日期 2002-6-26 推文 facebook plurk twitter funp google live udn HD myshare reddit netvibes friend youpush delicious baidu