博碩士論文 87228001 詳細資訊




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姓名 張文恭(Wun-Kong Chang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 應用地質研究所
論文名稱 花蓮地區單一岩種之鹼-骨材反應研究
(The Study On Single Rock Alkali-aggregate Reaction in Hualien)
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摘要(中) 本文對於花蓮溪和木瓜溪骨材所做的岩種分類,可發現各地方所含的岩種比例雖然不盡相同。但可確定的是:木瓜溪骨材不含安山岩,而花蓮溪骨材含有少量的安山岩。在花蓮港北岸的消波塊所進行的鑽心試體,發現有少量的安山岩存在,並對照現地花蓮溪骨材的岩種,可確定花蓮港北岸的骨材來源為花蓮溪。 確定現地有疑似鹼-骨材反應的破壞案例後,本文依據ASTM C227和ASTM C1260的鹼-骨材反應試驗方法,以確定花蓮溪骨材中具有鹼-骨材反應的岩種為何。研究結果為:不具鹼-骨材反應的岩種為大理岩、石英脈和變質輝綠岩,具有鹼-骨材反應的岩種為安山岩,其餘岩種則有待進一步的研究加以確認。 對於花蓮溪的安山岩更進一步做悲極值研究,並對照白守蓮的安山岩和白守蓮的斑狀安山岩,其鹼-骨材反應性大小為:白守蓮斑狀安山岩的反應性最大、其次為花蓮溪安山岩,白守蓮安山岩反應性較小。 單一岩種的悲極值研究,其非反應性骨材可用氧化鋁、標準砂、和平石灰岩和花蓮港北岸的變質輝綠岩。 以花蓮溪和木瓜溪骨材取代和平石灰岩的ASTM C1260和ASTM C227試驗,結果皆為:當花蓮溪和木瓜溪骨材含量越多時,其膨脹量也越大,膨脹量會隨著反應性骨材增加而增加。
摘要(英) This study is to classify the rocks in Hualien and Mugua Rivers. There are different rations rock types in Hualien and Mugua Rivers which we collected. We can make sure that the aggregates in Mugua River without andesite, but there are few andesites in Hualien River.
As we knew that in north of pier Hualien maybe caused destroyed by alkali-aggregate reaction, we use ASTM C227 and ASTM C1260 test method to test the reaction and to check which type of rocks may cause this reaction. We found that marble, quartz and metadibase didn’’t have the alkali-aggregate reaction, but andesite had the reaction. For the other types of rocks we will still need more study.
Studying on the pessimum value of andesite in Hualien River, and compared with andesite and porphyritic andesite in Baishoulien , we found that : porphyritic andesite in Baishoulien had biggest potential in this reaction; which in Hualien River were middle; in Baishoulien were the smallest.
Pessimum value study in single rock type can use Al2O3, standard sand, Hoping limestone, and metadibase in north of pier Hualien to be the non-reactive aggregates.
關鍵字(中) ★ 鹼-骨材
★ 悲極值
關鍵字(英) ★ AAR
★ Pessimum
論文目次 目 錄
摘要……………………………………………………………………..Ⅰ
致謝……………………………………………………………………..Ⅱ
目錄……………………………………………………………………..Ⅲ
圖目錄…………………………………………………………………..Ⅵ
表目錄…………………………………………………………………..Ⅹ
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究動機與目的 1
1-2 研究範圍 3
1-3 研究方法 4
第二章 文獻回顧 5
2-1 鹼骨材反應 5
2-1-1 鹼-氧化矽反應 5
2-1-2 鹼-矽酸鹽反應 6
2-1-3 鹼-碳酸鹽反應 7
2-1-4 其他的鹼-骨材反應 7
2-2 鹼-氧化矽反應(ASR)之探討 8
2-2-1 具有反應性的骨材 9
2-2-2 骨材中反應矽的成分 11
2-2-3 水泥和混凝土中的鹼量 12
2-2-4 孔隙中OH-的濃度和鹼量關係 15
2-2-5 ASR中鈣離子的角色 16
2-2-6 NaCl對於ASR的影響 20
2-2-7 濕度對於ASR的影響 21
2-2-8 Pessimum 觀念 23
2-2-9 燧石的pessimum行為 27
2-2-10 ASR的特徵………………………………………27
2-3 鹼-碳酸鹽反應(ACR) 29
2-4 混凝土道路鹼-骨材反應機制(AAR) 30
2-5 添加物對於AAR 的影響 31
2-5-1 飛灰 32
2-5-2 爐石 33
2-5-3 火山灰 33
2-5-4 矽灰 33
2-5-5 化學添加劑 34
2-6 各種不同的鹼-骨材試驗方法 34
2-7 各種加速方法 35
2-8 野外監測 36
2-8-1 超因波檢測(Ultrasonic pulse velocity, UPV) 37
第三章 試驗計劃與方法 39
3-1 試驗規劃 39
3-2 試驗材料 39
3-3 試驗方法及步驟 47
3-3-1 骨材之岩象分析(礦物成分分析) 47
3-3-1-1 骨材礦物成分之薄片分析 47
3-3-2 水泥砂漿棒加速膨脹試驗法(ASTM C1260) 48
3-3-2-1 儀器與條件 48
3-3-2-2 試驗步驟 49
3-3-3 水泥砂漿棒膨脹試驗法(ASTM C227) 51
3-3-3-1 儀器與條件 52
3-3-3-2 試驗步驟 52
3-3-4 試驗方法的流程 55
第四章 試驗結果及分析 57
4-1 現地案例調查 57
4-2 加速水泥砂漿棒試驗(ASTM C1260) 58
4-2-1 非反應性骨材 65
4-2-2 花蓮溪骨材挑除某些岩種之膨脹行為 66
4-2-3 木瓜溪骨材挑除某些岩種之膨脹行為 69
4-2-4 花蓮溪骨材單一岩種試驗 69
4-2-4-1 變質燧石不同粒徑對膨脹量的影響 73
4-2-5 以花蓮溪和木瓜溪骨材取代石灰岩之膨脹試驗….73
4-2-6 白守蓮安山岩取代石灰岩試驗 75
4-2-7 白守蓮安山岩取代磯崎砂岩試驗 78
4-3 水泥砂漿棒試驗 81
4-3-1 非反應性骨材 81
4-3-2 變質燧石取代石灰岩之水泥砂漿棒試驗 81
4-3-3 石英脈取代石灰岩之水泥砂漿棒試驗 83
4-3-4 安山岩取代石灰岩之水泥砂漿棒試驗 83
4-3-4-1白守蓮安山岩取代石灰岩試驗 88
4-3-4-2花蓮溪安山岩取代石灰岩試驗 91
4-3-4-3白守蓮斑狀安山岩取代石灰岩試驗 95
4-3-5 花蓮港北岸變質輝綠岩取代石灰岩試驗 99
4-3-6 花蓮溪和木瓜溪骨材取代石灰岩之膨脹試驗 99
4-3-7白守蓮安山岩取代磯崎砂岩試驗 108
4-4 ASTM C1260和ASTM C227試驗結果比較 109
第五章 結論與建議 116
5-1 結論 116
5-2 建議 117
參考文獻 119
附錄 124
英文摘要 130
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指導教授 陳維民 審核日期 2000-7-18
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