博碩士論文 87228004 詳細資訊




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姓名 葛其民(Chi-Min Ko)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 應用地質研究所
論文名稱 透地雷達於鋪面之應用
(Ground penetrating radar applied to the pavement studies)
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摘要(中) 本研究在柔性鋪面之重點可分三大類。第一部分是為中央大學校園鋪面檢測,其目的在於探討透地雷達於柔性鋪面檢測之可行性;第二部分為使用車載透地雷達於公路施測,施測地點包含國道、省道、縣道等,不但可以加快施測速度及降低人力需求,並可增加現地施測之安全性;第三部分則包含了機場剛性鋪面之空隙檢測。此外本研究尚包含速度分析及3D顯像技術,以增加鋪面處理結果品質。
本文証實透地雷達具有鋪面結構描繪及空隙定位的能力,同時在公共工程領域上亦具有深厚的應用潛力。
摘要(英) The thickness of asphalt concrete pavements is one of factor to control the quality of pavements by the paving engineering. Insufficient thickness of a paving indicates that that the pavement may have some defects, especially for a potential of damage. It is important in an early stage of maintenance. The objective of this research is concentrated on applying ground penetrating radar (GPR) to detect the thickness of a pavement. It provides the basic information for a dynaflect analysis.
There are three highlights of inspecting the flexible pavements in this study. First, inspecting the pavement in the campus of National Central University, the purpose of this study is concentrated to the feasibility of using GPR to detect the structure of the pavement. Second, loading the GPR on a truck to inspecting the freeway, provincial highway, and county route. The aim of this study is to test whether the GPR can be applied to routine route inspection. In addition, it is not only save time and manpower but also increase the safety during measurements. Final, detect the voids in an airport rigid pavement. In order to increase the quality of the images of pavements, the velocity analysis and three-dimensional (3-D) image etc are also included in this study.
Based on the demonstration in this study, GPR does capable of mapping the structure of the pavement and locating the voids. It has great potentials in the field of non-destructive inspection of infrastructure.
關鍵字(中) ★ 透地雷達
★ 柔性鋪面
★ 速度分析
★ 落重式撓度儀
★ 鋪面厚度
★ 非破壞檢測
關鍵字(英) ★ ground penetrating radar
★ GPR
★ flexible pavement
★ velocity analysis
★ falling weight deflectometer
★ FWD
★ thickness of the pavement
★ nondestructive investigation
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究目的與動機 1
1.2 本文內容 2
第二章 透地雷達法原理 3
2.1 電磁波特性及地層電性 3
2.2 介質電性 4
2.3 在損耗介質中之電磁波特性 6
第三章 透地雷達實驗方法 14
3.1 儀器設備 14
3.2 野外探測 15
3.3 資料處理 26
第四章 速度分析與鋪面物理參數推估 29
4.1 鋪面之各層速度及含水量推估 29
4.2 鋪面結構之探討瀝青鋪面厚度及速度 35
4.3 案例分析---中央大學試驗場道路 37
第五章 GPR於鋪面應用之研究與成果 45
5.1 GPR於鋪面應用範圍 45
5.2 中大科一館前環校公路 47
5.3 中大男十一舍前鋪面 55
5.4 國道北二高土城段鋪面 61
5.5 國道二高香山交流道鋪面 67
5.6 省道台三線鋪面 73
5.7 縣道鋪面 79
5.8 剛性鋪面 84
5.9 崩坍路面施測 92
第六章 透地雷達與鋪面檢測 96
6.1 透地雷達與鋪面工程 96
6.2 透地雷達與撓度儀之應用 98
6.3 施測成果 100
第七章 結論 106
參考文獻 108
英文摘要 111
參考文獻 AASHTO, 1993, Guide for Design of pavement structures: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington D. C.
Annan, A. P., 1992, Ground penetrating radar workshop notes, Sensors & Software Inc.
David, J.L., and Annan, A.P., 1989, Ground penetrating radar for high resolution mapping of soil and rock stratigraphy: Geophysics Prospecting, 37, p.531-551.
Dix, C. H., 1955, Seismic velocities from surface measurements: Geophysics, 20, p.68-86.
Greaves, R.J., Lesmes, D.P., Lee, J.M., and Toksöz, 1996, Velocity variations and water content estimated from multi-offset ground-penetrating radar, 61, p.683-695.
Maser, K.R., 1992, Highway speed radar for pavement and bridge deck evaluation: Fourth International Conference on Ground Penetration Radar, p.267-276.
Rmeili, E. and Scullion T., 1997, Detecting stripping in Asphalt Concrete Layers Using Ground Penetrating Radar: Transportation Research Record, n.1568, p.165-174.
Saarenketo, T., and Scullion, T., 1994, Ground penetrating radar applications on roads and highways: Texas transportation institute, research report 1923-2F, 37p.
Sensors & Software Inc., 1996, GPR sounding in water: EKKO Update, October, 1996.
Sensors & Software Inc., 1996, Pulse EKKO100 Run: User’s Guide. Version 1.2.
Sensors & Software Inc., 1996, Pulse EKKO1000 Run: User’s Guide. Version 1.2.
Smith, D.G. and Jol, H.M., 1992, GPR investigation of a lake Bonneville delta, Provo level, Brigham City, Utah: Geology, p.1083-1086.
Smith, D.G. and Jol, H.M., 1992, GPR investigation of a lake Bonneville delta, Provo level, Brigham City, Utah: Geology, p.1083-1086.
Weil, G.J., 1992, Non-destructive testing of bridge, Highway and airport pavements, Geological Survey of Finland: Special Paper 16, p.259-266.
指導教授 楊潔豪(Chieh-Hou Yang) 審核日期 2000-7-16
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