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姓名 林靜媚(Ching-mei Lin)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 資訊工程學系
論文名稱 使用遺傳演算法解多序列排比的問題
(Using Genetic Algorithms to Solve Multiple Sequence Alignments)
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摘要(中) 多序列排比是分子序列分析上一個重要的工具。在演化的過程中,分子序列可能會發生許多的突變,例如插入、刪除、替代等突變事件; 而這些突變造成分子列序間的各種差異。多序列排比是透過同時比較多個序列,以找出序列之間的相似區域,故可找出序列間的結構關係。
本論文提出一個遺傳演算法,來解決多序列排比的問題。我們使用十七個序列的資料集合來測試我們所提出的方法,並且將我們的實驗結果與其它方法做比較。我們發現我們的方法在大多數具有高相似性的測試資料中擁有不錯的表現。
摘要(英) Multiple sequence alignment is an important tool in molecular
sequence analysis. In the evolutionary process, molecular sequences may have several mutations, such as insertion, deletion and substitution. These mutation events result in the diversified difference between sequences. Multiple sequences alignment can help compare the structure-relationship between sequences by simultaneously aligning multiple sequences to find the similar regions.
This thesis presents genetic algorithms to solve multiple sequence alignments. Several data sets are tested and the experimental results are compared with other methods. We find our approach could obtain good performance in the majority of data sets with high similarity and long sequences.
關鍵字(中) ★ 分子序列分析
★ 遺傳演數法
★ 多序列排比
關鍵字(英) ★ molecular sequence analysis
★ genetic algorithm
★ multiple sequence alignment
論文目次 1. Introduction
1.1 Motivation
1.2 Problem Description
1.3 Organization of The Thesis
2. Related Work
2.1 Optimal alignment of Two Sequences
2.2 The Sum-of-Pairs Measure For Multiple Sequences Alignment
2.3 Literature of Multiple Sequence Alignment
3. Method
3.1 Chromosomes
3.2 System Process Flow
3.3 Fitness
3.4 Crossover
3.5 Mutation
4. Experiments And Results
4.1 Environment of Implementation
4.2 Experiments
5. Conclusion
Bibliography
Appendix Data Set
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指導教授 洪炯宗(Jorng-Tzong Horng) 審核日期 2000-7-12
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