博碩士論文 87426009 詳細資訊


姓名 高欣愷(Xin-Kai Guo)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 工業管理研究所
論文名稱 一代理人式供應鏈系統設計與分析方法
(I2SCM: A Design and Analysis Method for Improving the Flexibility of Agent-mediated Supply Chain)
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摘要(英) I2SCM proposed by this research is in face of customer demands directly. In one hand, I2SCM will generate optimal schedule and dispatch commands of action to parts of supply chain directly, and in the other hand, I2SCM will negotiate with customers continuously. Parts of supply chain will then act according to the commands to achieve customer demands. So I2SCM is an approach providing a flexible and fleet method to solve the problems of changeable markets, and we can view this mechanism as a connection and an ideal transfer of information to improve the flexibility of supply chain. To construct this mechanism of I2SCM, we use OOA/OOD to identify each object of I2SCM, and clarify their attributes, functions relationships clearly. And then we figure the whole process, transfer of information, and the state transition in I2SCM through ARIS tools. Specially, we introduce Agent-Based System to I2SCM to operate more effectively, and this will make each function work with the most availability autonomously. And TAEMS model will provide the flexibility of dealing with changes of demands in face of different constraints. Finally, we use High-Level Petri-Nets to simulate this mechanism to confirm its practicability and suitability.
We design two major parts in I2SCM to response customer rapidly. Upper Level Controller receives the message of demand changes, and then makes an initial plan. Each requirement generates from the plan will send to relevant agents to analyze current availabilities and abilities. Lower Level Controller will proceed to schedule completely according to these availabilities and abilities, and will dispatch the schedule to every part in supply chain. The supply chain will then follow the schedule to act in order that the demands of clients will be achieve.
關鍵字(中) ★ 代理系統
★ 供應鏈
關鍵字(英) ★ agent-based system
★ supply chain management
論文目次 Table of Contents
Abstract……………………………………………………………………………..…...i
Table of Contents..………………………………………………………...…………….ii
List of Tables…………………………………………………………………………….v
List of Figures…………………………………………………………………………...vi
Chapter I Introduction
1.1 Background……………….....………………………………….…….……..
1.2 Motivation……………………………...…………………………….……..
1.3 Research Objectives…………………….…………………………….…….
1.4 Thesis Organization…………………………………………..……………..
Chapter II Literature Review
2.1 Supply Chain Management…………………………………………………2.1.1Introduction of Supply Chain…….…………………………………
2.1.2Issues of Flexibility in Supply Chain management…………………112468889
2.1.3Response Cost and Time in Supply Chain Management…………..
2.1.4Comparison of Supply Chain Modeling Approaches...……………
2.2 Agent-Based System2.2.1Agent-Based System…………………………………………….…2.2.2Suggestions of Designing An Agent-based System………………..
2.3 Process Model Representation and Existing Applications……….………..
2.3.1The Work-Flow Management System……………………………..
2.3.2Process Model Representation Technologies………………………1115191920212123
Chapter III Overview of I2SCM
3.1 Flexibilities of Supply Chain…………………….…………………………
3.1.1Responsibility of Supply Chain……………………………………
3.1.2Information Control In Supply Chain…………………….………..
3.2 Introduction of I2SCM………………………..…………3.2.1Architecture of I2SCM..……………………………………………
3.2.2I2SCM’s Environment of Information Control……….……………
3.3 Methodologies Applied for I2SCM System Design…………...…….…….
3.3.1Object-Oriented Approach As Static Method……………………...
3.3.2Petri Nets As Dynamic Modeling Method………………………...
3.3.2.1 The Classical Petri Nets Model……………………………..
3.3.2.2 High Level Petri Nets with Color, Time, and Hierarchy……
3.3.3Agent-Based System……………………………………………….
3.3.3.1 Introduction of Agent………………………………………..
3.3.3.2 Reasons of Applying Agent-Based System In I2SCM………
3.3.3.3 The Design Process of Agent-Based System………………..
3.3.4Task Structure Modeling of TAEMS…………………….
Chapter IV Modeling of I2SCM4.1 Static Modeling of I2SCM…………...……….……………………………
4.1.1OOA/OOD of I2SCM…………………………………….………...
4.1.2Agents of I2SCM…………………………………………………...
4.1.3TAEMS of I2SCM………………………………………………….
4.2 Dynamic Modeling of I2SCM Applying Petri Nets………………………..
4.2.1Documenting The Model…………………………………………..
4.2.2Petri Nets Models of I2SCM……………………………………….
4.2.2.1 Generic Process Models…………………………………….
4.2.2.2 Petri Nets Models of I2SCM………………………………...
4.2.2.3 Macro Petri Nets Models of I2SCM…………………………25252526282831333336363940404143454949495562666671717784
Chapter V Implementation of I2SCM
5.1 Case Description……………….…………………………………………
5.2 Applying the I2SCM………………………………………...……………
5.3 Results Analysis…………………………………………………………..
Chapter VIConclusions and Recommendations
6.1Conclusions……………………………………………………………….
6.2Recommendations………………………………………………………...
Reference……………………………..………………………………………..888890100104104105108
List of Tables
Table 2-1 Supply Chain Model18
Table 2-2 Two Levels in Designing an Agent-Based System21
Table 2-3 Four Major Process Modeling Perspectives24
Table 2-4 Four Major Process Modeling Perspectives vs. Applications24
Table 3-1 Comparison of Upper and Lower Level Controllers31
Table 3-2 Illustration of Interpretations of Transitions and Places37
Table 3-3 The Characteristics of I2SCM43
Table 3-4 Stages in Designing Agent-Based System44
Table 3-5 Nine Alternatives to Achieve “Develop A New Product”47
Table 3-6 Different Schedules for Different Clients48
Table 4-1 The Relation and Comparison Between TAEMS And I2SCM65
Table 4-2 Colors And Interpretations For Places And Transitions In The HLPN Model of Order Acquisition Agent78
Table 4-3 Colors And Interpretations For Places And Transitions In The HLPN Model of Logistics Agent79
Table 4-4 Colors And Interpretations For Places And Transitions In The HLPN Model of Transportation Agent80
Table 4-5 Colors And Interpretations For Places And Transitions In The HLPN Model of Resource Agent81
Table 4-6 Colors And Interpretations For Places And Transitions In The HLPN Model of Scheduling Agent82
Table 4-7 Colors And Interpretations For Places And Transitions In The HLPN Model of Dispatching Agent83
Table 4-8 Colors And Interpretations For Places In The HLPN Model of I2SCM86
Table 4-9 Colors And Interpretations For Transitions In The HLPN Model of I2SCM87
Table 5-1 Results of Simulation of Scenario 1101
Table 5-2 Results of Simulation of Scenario 2102
Table 5-3 Results of Simulation of Scenario 3103
List of Figures
Figure 1-1 Structure of Supply Chain2
Figure 1-2 The SC Management Functions Driven by Customer demand4
Figure 1-3 The Concept of Ideal Transfer of Information5
Figure 1-4 Concept of I2SCM Mechanism5
Figure 1-5 Thesis Organization7
Figure 2-1 Overview of Supply Chain Management8
Figure 2-2 Shifting the CODP Upstream13
Figure 2-3 Comparing Traditional Information Flow With An Information Enriched Supply Chain14
Figure 2-4 Two Dimensions of a Workflow Process Specification23
Figure 3-1 The Relationship of Analyzing Tools29
Figure 3-2 Overview of I2SCM30
Figure 3-3 Example of Petri-Nets (a) PN model, (b) initial marking,
(c) marking m138
Figure 3-4 Reachability Tree and Markings38
Figure 3-5 Refinement of a Petri Net39
Figure 3-6 Agents Are Bounded Process, And Interacting Through A Shared Environment41
Figure 3-7 Modularity + Decentralization → Changeability43
Figure 3-8 Task Structure of TAEMS46
Figure 4-1 OOD of Business Units of Supply Chain50
Figure 4-2 OOD of I2SCM Controller50
Figure 4-3 OMT of I2SCM54
Figure 4-4 Agents In Two Level Controllers of I2SCM56
Figure 4-5 I/O of Order Acquisition Agent57
Figure 4-6 I/O of Logistics Agent58
Figure 4-7 I/O of Resource Agent59
Figure 4-8 I/O of Transportation Agent60
Figure 4-9 I/O of Scheduling Agent61
Figure 4-10 I/O of Dispatching Agent62
Figure 4-11 Four Levels of TAEMS Model63
Figure 4-12 Four Levels of I2SCM64
Figure 4-13 The DFD of I2SCM67
Figure 4-14 The STD of I2SCM68
Figure 4-15 (a) The PCD of I2SCM Process 2-169
Figure 4-15 (b) The PCD of I2SCM Process 2-270
Figure 4-16 Operation Process of I2SCM Upper Level Controller71
Figure 4-17 Operation Procedure of Order Acquisition Agent72
Figure 4-18 Operation Procedure of Logistics Agent73
Figure 4-19 Operation Procedure of Resource Agent74
Figure 4-20 Operation Procedure of Transportation Agent74
Figure 4-21 Operation Process of I2SCM Upper Level Controller75
Figure 4-22 Operation Procedure of Scheduling Agent76
Figure 4-23 Operation Procedure of Dispatching Agent77
Figure 4-24 Petri-Mets Model of Operations in Order Acquisition Agent78
Figure 4-25 Petri-Mets Model of Operations in Logistics Agent79
Figure 4-26 Petri-Mets Model of Operations in Transportation Agent80
Figure 4-27 Petri-Mets Model of Operations in Resource Agent81
Figure 4-28 Petri-Mets Model of Operations in Scheduling Agent82
Figure 4-29 Petri-Mets Model of Operations in Dispatching Agent83
Figure 4-30 Macro Activity Diagram for I2SCM84
Figure 4-31 Petri-Mets Model of Operations in I2SCM85
Figure 5-1 I2SCM System of K-S Supply Chain90
Figure 5-2 Upper Level Controller of I2SCM of K-S Supply Chain91
Figure 5-3 Order Acquisition Agent of K-S Supply Chain92
Figure 5-4 Logistics Agent of K-S Supply Chain92
Figure 5-5 Transportation Agent of K-S Supply Chain92
Figure 5-6 Resource Agent of K-S Supply Chain92
Figure 5-7 Lower Level Controller of K-S Supply Chain93
Figure 5-8 Scheduling Agent of K-S Supply Chain93
Figure 5-9 Dispatching Agent of K-S Supply Chain93
Figure 5-10 Initial Token of Simulation of Scenario 195
Figure 5-11 Final Results of Project 1 of I2SCM System96
Figure 5-12 Results of Upper Level Controller of Project 197
Figure 5-13 Result of Lower Level Controller of Project 198
Figure 5-14 Final Results of I2SCM System of Project 299
Figure 5-15 Final Results of I2SCM System of Project 3100
Figure 5-16 TAEMS Model of Scenario 1101
Figure 5-17 TAEMS Model of Scenario 2102
Figure 5-18 TAEMS Model of Scenario 3103
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指導教授 高信培(Hsin-Pei Kao) 審核日期 2000-7-4
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