博碩士論文 88242002 詳細資訊




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姓名 江智偉(Chih-Wei Chiang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 物理學系
論文名稱 對流層氣膠光學性質之研究
(The optical properties measurements of tropospheric Aerosols)
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摘要(中) 本論文利用實驗室開發的雙波長、偏振與Raman雷射雷達(LIDAR)遙測中壢地區1-5公里夜間氣膠的光學性質、來源、傳送過程、季節變化和水汽等關係,並配合其它觀測儀器和理論模式如太陽光度計(Sun-Photometer)、探空儀(Radiosonde)、能見度儀(Visibility)、衛星影像(TOMS)和逆軌跡(HYSPLIT)等進行分析討論。全部的分析資料為2002/2至2004/5月間,126天背景氣膠資料和40天特殊事件(沙塵和生質燃燒)氣膠資料。發現對流層背景氣膠主要分佈於3公里以下,並有季節性變化。1-5公里間光學厚度的最大值與最小值分別出現於春季和秋季。偏振雷射雷達配合逆軌跡可區分不同來源氣膠的光學性質與分佈高度。沙塵粒子有較大的平均消偏振比值,主要分佈於0.12~0.27。雙波長雷射雷達可用來測量粒徑大小的高度分佈。利用Raman雷射雷達測量水汽的結果除了與探空水汽資料吻合外,對於研究氣膠與水汽間的交互作用上具有相當的潛力。
摘要(英) Dual-wavelength, depolarization, and Raman Lidar observations for the tropospheric aerosols in the height region 1-5 km, using data of 126 days for background aerosols and 40 days for special aerosols events (dust and biomass burning) during the period 2002/2-2004/5, are presented in this paper. Lidar measurements revealed the optical properties, source, transport processes, seasonal variation, and humidity effect of aerosols. Data were analyzed in conjunction with Sun-photometer, Radiosonde, Visibility, satellite image (TOMS), and trajectory studies (HYSPLIT). The larger aerosols loading occurred below 3 km and had a distinct feature of seasonal variation. The maximum and minimum aerosol optical thickness, in the height region of 1-5 km, for the spring and fall seasons respectively. There are different characteristics for various aerosols which are recognized by using depolarization Lidar. The dust aerosols events have larger depolarization ratio varied mainly between 0.12 and 0.27. The height distribution of the particles size derived from the dual-wavelength Lidar. Raman Lidar measured the results of humidity were not only coincidence with Radiosonde but also had the potential to understand the interaction of aerosols and humidity.
關鍵字(中) ★ 雷射雷達
★ 氣膠
★ 沙塵
★ 生質燃燒
關鍵字(英) ★ LIDAR
★ Aerosols
★ Dust
★ Biomass burning
論文目次 中文摘要 I
ENGLISH ABSTRACT II
目次 III
表目錄 V
圖目錄 VI
第1章 簡介 1
1.1 氣膠 1
1.2 亞洲沙塵暴 4
1.3 東南亞生質燃燒 6
1.4 研究動機與架構 7
第2章 雷射雷達理論 8
2.1 雷射雷達方程式 9
2.2 偏振雷射雷達 13
第3章 雷射雷達系統 15
3.1 雷射雷達操作 15
3.2 氣膠粒子大小量測方法 17
3.3 夜間氣膠擾動層之測量方法 18
3.4 誤差分析 20
3.4.1 邊界值所造成之誤差 20
3.4.2 Lidar Ratio所造成之誤差 21
第4章 背景氣膠 22
4.1 氣膠高度分佈 23
4.2 氣膠光學厚度 26
4.3 氣膠消偏振比值 31
4.4 氣膠粒徑與相對濕度之關係 35
第5章 夜間氣膠擾動高度變化 39
5.1 夜間氣膠擾動高度變化 40
5.2 擾動層之討論 45
第6章 特殊事件之氣膠 47
6.1 亞洲沙塵暴與東南亞生質燃燒 47
6.2 氣膠分佈與探空資料之討論 53
第7章 結論 59
參考文獻 61
附錄(A) 水汽量測理論與方法 70
RAMAN 雷射雷達方程式 71
RAMAN 雷射雷達量測水汽之方法 72
附錄(B) 氣膠粒徑與濃度測量補充 80
MIE 散射理論 80
附錄(C) 參考資料與統計結果 84
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指導教授 倪簡白(Jan-Bai Nee) 審核日期 2005-6-14
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