博碩士論文 88322035 詳細資訊




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姓名 曾惇彬( Duen-Bin Tzeng)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 土木工程學系
論文名稱 利用數個參考站模式化電離層影響量以進行GPS衛星測量
(Modeling Ionospheric Effects with Multiple Reference Stations for GPS Satellite Surveying)
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摘要(中) 另一方面,一個含有數個參考站的觀測網可提供數個已知坐標,這些參考站便與待定站組成數條基線,如此一來,自由度因基線觀測量方程式增加而增加;而這些基線將置於同一矩陣系統處理。最後以三個實驗資料作為驗證;結果顯示,不論是只使用單頻L1資料或是使用雙頻L1,L2資料,吾人所提出之概念對模稜參數求定和衛星測量都有益助。
本論文之主要目的,在於初步評估多參考站對衛星測量的效益。
摘要(英) On the other hand, a network with several reference points can provide several known positions to form more baselines to rovers, so more degrees of freedom are available by increasing measurement equations of baselines. These baselines would be processed in a matrix system. Finally, for verification, three experiments were carried out. The results show that the proposal concept is helpful to ambiguity resolution and GPS surveying both with L1 frequency and dual-frequency data.
The purpose of this thesis is to evaluate the help of multiple reference stations for GPS surveying.
關鍵字(中) ★ 全球定位系統 關鍵字(英) ★ GPS
論文目次 Contents
III
Abstract
III
Contents

List of Tables

List of Figures
1Introduction 1
2GPS Observables 4
2.1 Carrier Beat Phase Measurements…………….…………………..4
2.2 Code Pseudorange Measurements……………………….………..6
2.3 Linear Combinations of GPS Measurements……………………..8
2.4 Precise orbital data………………………………………………..9
3Rapid Static and Kinematic Positioning 10
3.1 Ambiguity Resolution…………………………………………...10
3.2 Rapid Static Positioning.………………………………………...13
3.3 Kinematic Positioning…………………………………………...14
4Application (I) of Multiple Reference Stations: Estimation of Ionosphereic Effects 15
4.1 Calculation of Double-Difference Ionospheric Delays…………..16
4.2 Linear Interpolation………………………………………………18
4.3 The Least Squares Method……………………………………….20
4.4 Experiments and Results…………………………………………22
4.4.1 Precision assessment of estimated DDID………………….22
4.4.2 Tests of rapid static positioning……………………………28
4.4.3 Test of kinematic positioning………………………………34
4.5 Discussion……………………………………………………….37
5 Application (Ⅱ) of Multiple Reference Stations : Double Reference Station GPS Surveying 38
5.1 Double Reference Stations Solution……………………………..38
5.2 Experiments and Results………………………………………...40
5.2.1 Test of rapid static positioning……………………………40
5.2.2 Test of kinematic positioning……………………………..42
5.3 Single Baseline versus Multiple Baselines Solutions….………..44
6 Conclusions 45
Acknowledgments 46
References 47
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指導教授 吳究(Joz Wu) 審核日期 2001-1-17
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