博碩士論文 88323008 詳細資訊


姓名 楊章豪(Chang-Hao Yang )  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 機械工程研究所
論文名稱 環境因素對沃斯回火球墨鑄鐵高週疲勞之影響
(Influence of Environment Factors on High-Cycle Fatigue Behavior of Austempered Ductile Cast Iron)
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摘要(中) 本研究主旨在探討環境因素對沃斯回火球墨鑄鐵高週疲勞性質之影響,暸解其在不同腐蝕及中高溫環境下之高週疲勞行為,探討的腐蝕環境參數包括溶液之溫度、氯離子及pH值的影響,並比較在100oC、180oC、220oC及250oC中高溫空氣中之疲勞強度。此外,亦利用掃描式電子顯微鏡(SEM)觀察疲勞破斷面,以了解裂縫的生成及成長模式。
實驗結果顯示,由於腐蝕環境能協助短裂縫克服在微結構上所遭遇的障礙物,加速短裂縫成長,故在蒸餾水、3.5% NaCl、80oC 3.5% NaCl與硫酸溶液中的高週疲勞壽命皆比空氣中還低。而提高溶液溫度、加入氯離子及降低pH值,皆會加劇短裂縫的成長速率,進一步縮短高週疲勞壽命;其中,又以降低溶液pH值的影響最大。而潤滑油因其惰性環境降低了腐蝕效應,使得其高週疲勞壽命比空氣中長。對ADI疲勞性質而言,要造成所謂腐蝕疲勞破裂的現象必須要有應力與腐蝕環境的同時存在作用,只有單純的腐蝕環境先作用再受疲勞負載,並不會影響ADI的高週疲勞壽命。
ADI在室溫至300oC間的抗拉強度,並不會因環境溫度的改變,而有明顯的不同。此外,ADI在中高溫及高應力(低壽命)區的疲勞壽命明顯會隨著溫度的上升而下降;但在低應力(長壽命)區,220oC與250oC的疲勞壽命,並不如預期般的減少,反而會接近180oC的疲勞壽命值,這是由於其較高的溫度,使得碳化物更易析出,相對使得麻田散鐵的變態點(Ms點)上升,此時殘留沃斯田鐵較容易在循環應力的負載下,產生應力誘發變態成為麻田散鐵,而在變態過程所引發的體積膨脹,會在裂縫尖端產生殘留壓縮應力阻礙了裂縫成長,延長壽命。
摘要(英) The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of various aqueous solutions and ambient air temperatures on the high-cycle fatigue (HCF) behavior of austempered ductile iron (ADI) . The effects of presence of chloride, pH value and temperature in aqueous solution on the HCF resistance were characterized. HCF results obtained in air at temperature ranging from room temperature to 250oC were made a comparison to characterize the temperature effect on HCF strength of ADI. Fractography and microstructural analyses with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were conducted to determine the fatigue crack initiation and propagation modes.
Experimental results show the HCF lives in room-temperature water, 3.5% NaCl, 80oC 3.5% NaCl, and sulfuric acid solutions were shorter than those in room-temperature air for the given ADI. In addition, increasing solution temperature, adding chloride, and decreasing pH value would further decrease the HCF life as compared to room-temperature water. Among these factors, the decrease of pH value generated the most detrimental effect on HCF resistance. The SAE 10W40 lubrication oil provided an inert environment to increase the HCF life of ADI as compared to atmospheric environment. The synergism between corrosive environment and cyclic stresses was primarily responsible for the reduction of HCF life as the effect of prior corrosion did not significantly change the fatigue life when tested in air.
At temperatures from room temperature to 300oC, the tensile strength of ADI was invariant with temperature. The fatigue life of ADI would decrease with increasing temperature at high stress levels. However, the fatigue lives in 220oC and 250oC at low stress levels were comparable with those in 180oC. This is due to the fact that a higher temperature would cause more carbide precipitation and increase the temperature of Ms for martensitic transformation. Therefore, the unstable retained austenite could transform to martensite more easily under cyclic loading at higher temperatures. The volume expansion resulting from this transformation would produce residual compressive stress at crack tip to retard fatigue crack growth and extend fatigue life.
關鍵字(中) ★ 沃斯回火球墨鑄鐵
★  腐蝕環境
★  腐蝕疲勞破裂
★  高週疲勞
★  麻田散鐵
關鍵字(英) ★ Austempered Ductile Cast Iron
★  High-Cycle Fatigue
論文目次 List of Tables
List of Figures.
第一章 簡介
1-1 沃斯回火球墨鑄鐵之研究及發展
1-2 沃斯回火熱處理
1-3 不同環境溫度下球墨鑄鐵之機械性質文獻回顧
1-4 沃斯回火球墨鑄常溫與中高溫之疲勞性質與破壞機構
1-5 腐蝕疲勞與破壞機構
1-6 鑄鐵腐蝕性質文獻回顧
1-7 研究目的
第二章 實驗程序
2-1 材料及試片製作
2-2 沃斯回火熱處理
2-3 實驗環境
2-4 中高溫拉抻及硬度試驗
2-5 軸向疲勞試驗
2-6 電化學試驗
2-7 破斷面觀察
2-8 X-ray繞射分析
第三章 結果與討論
3-1 材料的機械性質、微結構及耐腐蝕力
3-2 腐蝕環境參數對高週疲勞性質的影響
3-3 不同環境溫度下之機械性質比較
3-4 不同環境溫度下之高週疲勞性質比較
3-5 破斷面觀察……………………………………………………
第四章 結論
參考文獻
Tables
Figures
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指導教授 林志光(Chih-Kuang Lin) 審核日期 2001-7-18

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