Abelson, M. A. (1987). “Examination of avoidable and unavoidable turnover,” Journal of Applied psychology, 72 (3), 382-386.
Arnold, H. J. & Feldman, D. C. (1982). “A multivariate analysis of the determinants of job turnover,” Journal of Applied Psychology, 67, 350-360.
Allen, N. J. & Meyer, J. P. (1990). “The measurement and antecedents of affective, continuance, and normative commitment to the organization,” Journal of Occupational Psychology, 63, 1-18.
Baron, J. N..; Hannan, M. T.; Burton, M. D. (1996a). “The road taken: the origins and evolution of employment systems in emerging high-technology companies,” Industrial and Corporate Change 5, 239-276.
Baron, J. N.; Hannan, M. T.; Burton, M. D. (1996b). “Inertia and change in the early years: Employment relations in young, high-technology firms,” Industrial and Corporate Change 5, 503-536.
Baron, J. N.; Hannan, M. T.; Burton, M. D. (1999). “Engineering bureaucracy: The genesis of formal policies, positions, and structures in high technology firms,” Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization 15: 1-41.
Baron, J. N.; Hannan, M. T.; Burton, M. D. (2000). “Change in organizational models and employee turnover in young, high-tech firms,” Unpublished working paper, Stanford Graduate School of Business and Harvard Business School.
Bass, B. M. (1985a). Leadership and performance beyond expectations. New York: Free Press.
Bass, B. M. (1985b). “Leadership: Good, better, best,” Organizational Dynamics, 13, 26-41.
Bass, B. M. & Avolio, B. J. (2001). Full range leadership development- Manual for the multifactor leadership questionnaire. Mind Garden.
Bentler, P. M. (1993). EQS: Structure Press. Equations Program Manual. Los Angeles: BMPP Statistical Software.
Brown, R. R. (1986). Individual, situational, and demographic factors predicting faculty commitment to the university. Doctoral dissertation, University of Oregon, 1986.
Buchanan, B. (1974). “Building organizational commitment: The socialization of managers in work organizations,” Administer Science Quarterly, 19, 533-546.
Burns, J. M. (1978). Leadership. New York: Harper and Row.
Bycio, P.; Hackett, R. D.; Allen, J. S. (1995). “Further assessments of Bass’s (1985) conceptualization of transactional and transformational leadership,” Journal of Applied Psychology, vol.80, no.4, 468-478.
Cotton, J. L. & Tuttle, J. M. (1986). “Employee turnover: A meta-analysis and review with implications for research,” Academy of Management Review, 11(1), 55-70.
Downton, J. V. (1973). Rebel leadership: Commitment and charisma in a revolutionary process. New York: Free Press.
Dunham, R. B.; Grube, J. A.; Castaneda, M. B. (1994). “Organizational commitment: The utility of an integrative definition,” Journal of Applied Psychology, vol.79, no.3, 370-380.
Farrell, D. & Rusbult, C. E. (1981). “Exchange variables as predictors of job satisfaction, job commitment and turnover: the impact of rewards, costs, alternatives and investments,” Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 27, 78-95.
Fishbein, M. and Ajzen, I. (1975). Belief, attitude, intention and behavior: An introduction to theory and research. Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA.
Hacket, R. D., Bycio, P. and Hausdorf, P. A. (1994). “Further assessments of Meyer and Allen’s (1991) three-component model of organizational commitment,” Journal of Applied Psychology, 79, 1, 15-23.
Hackman, J. R. & Lawler III, E. E. (1971). “Employee reactions to job characteristics,” Journal of Applied Psychology, 55, 259-285.
Hackman, J.R. & Oldham, G.R. (1976). “Motivation through the design of work: test of a theory,” Organizational behavior and human performance, 16, 250-279.
Hartmann, L. C.; Bambacas, M. (2000). “Organizational commitment: A multi method scale analysis and test of effects,” International Journal of Organizational Analysis, 8, no.1, 89-108.
Igbaria, M.; Siegel, S. R. (1993). “The career decision of information systems people,” Information & Management, vol. 24, no.1, 23-32.
Igbaria, M.; Baroudi, J. J. (1995). “The impact of job performance evaluations on career advancement prospects: An examination of gender differences in the IS workplace,” MIS Quarterly, vol. 19, no.1, 107-123.
Iverson, R. D. (1992) “Employee intent to stay: an empirical test of a revision of the Price and Mueller model,” Unpublished doctoral dissertation, The University of Iowa.
Iverson, R. D. & Roy, P. (1994). “A causal model of behavioral commitment: evidence from a study of Australian blue-collar employees,” Journal of Management, 20, 1, 15-41.
Iverson, R. D. (1996). “Employee acceptance of organizational change: the role of organizational commitment,” International Journal of Human Resource Management, 7, 122-149.
Iverson, R. D.; Buttigieg, D. M. (1999). “Affective, normative, and continuance commitment: Can the ‘right kind’ of commitment be managed?” Journal of Management Studies 36, no.3, 307-333.
Jaros, S. J.; Jermier, J. M.; Koehler, J. W. and Sincich, T. (1993). “Effects of continuance, affective, and moral commitment on the withdrawal process: an evaluation of eight structural equation models,” Academy of Management Journal, 36, 5 951-959.
Mathieu,, J. E. and Zajac, D. M. (1990). “A review and meta-analysis of the antecedents, correlates, and consequences of organizational commitment,” Psychological Bulletin, 108, 2 171-194.
McGee, G. W. and Ford, R. C. (1987). “Two (or more?) dimensions of organizational commitment: reexamination of the affective and continuance commitment scales,” Journal of Applied Psychology, 72, 4, 638-642.
Meyer, J. P. & Allen, N. J. (1984). “Testing the “side-bet” theory of organizational commitment: some methodological considerations,” Journal of Applied Psychology, 69, 372-378.
Meyer, J. P. & Allen, N. J. (1988). “Links between work experiences and organizational commitment during the first year of employment: A longitudinal analysis,” Journal of Occupational Psychology, 61, 195-209.
Meyer, J. P.; Paunonen, S. V.; Gellatly, I. R.; Goffin, R. D.; Jackson, D. N. (1989). “Organizational commitment and job performance: It’s the nature of the commitment that counts,” Journal of Applied Psychology, vol.74, no.1, 152-156.
Meyer, J. P.; Allen, N. J.; and Gellatly, I. R. (1990). “Affective and continuance commitment to the organization: evaluation of measures and analysis of concurrent and time-lagged relations,” Journal of Applied Psychology, 75, 710-720.
Meyer, J. P. & Allen, N. J. (1991). “A three-component conceptualization of organizational commitment,” Human Resource Management Review, 1, 61-98.
Meyer, J. P.; Allen, N. J.; Smith, C. A. (1993). “Commitment to organizations and occupations: Extension and test of a three-component conceptualization,” Journal of Applied Psychology, vol.78, no.4, 538-551.
Meyer, J. P. & Allen, N. J. (1997). Commitment in the workplace: Theory, research, and application. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Mowday, R. T., Steers, R. M. & Porter, L. W. (1979). “The measurement of organizational commitment,” Journal of Vocational Behavior, 14, 223-247.
Mowday, R. T., Porter, L. W. & Steers, R. M. (1982). Employee-Organizational Linkages: The Psychology of Commitment, Absenteeism, and Turnover. New York: Academic Press.
Mueller, R. O. (1996). Basic principles of structural equation modeling: An introduction to LISREL and EQS. New York: Springer-Verlag.
Noe, R. A. etc. (2000). Human resource management: gaining a competitive advantage. McGraw-Hill Co.
O’Reilly, C. A. & Caldwell, D. F. (1981). “The commitment and job tenure of new employees: Some evidence of post-decisional justification,” Administrative Science Quarterly, 26, 597-616.
Orlikowski, W. J.; Baroudi, J. J. (1989). “The information systems profession: myth or reality?” Office: Technology & People, vol.4, no.1, 13-30.
Pertz, P. (2000). “Labor Day survey uncovers myths about keeping great employees,” Development Dimensions International Research Center.
Porter, L. W.; Steers, R. M.; Mowday, R. T.; and Boulian, P. V. (1974).” Organizational commitment, job satisfaction, and turnover among psychiatric technicians,” Journal of Applied Psychology Vol. 59, No.5, 603-609.
Porter, L. W.; Crampon, W. J. (1976). “Organizational commitment and managerial turnover — A longitudinal study,” Organizational Behavior & Human Performance, vol.15, no.1, 87-98.
Price, J. L & Mueller, C. W. (1981). A causal model turnover for nurses. Academy of Management Journal, 24(3), 543-565.
Price, J. L. & Mueller, C. W. (1986). Absenteeism and turnover of hospital employees. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, Inc.
Quinn, J. B.; Anderson, P.; Finkelstein, S. (1996). “Managing professional intellect: Making the most of the best,” Harvard Business Review, vol.74, no.2, 71-80.
Rusbult, C. E. and Farrell, D. (1983). “A longitudinal test of the investment model: the impact on job satisfaction, job commitment and turnover of variations in rewards, costs, alternatives and investments,” Journal of Applied Psychology, 68, 429-438.
King, R. C.; Barrier, T.; Sethi, V. (1999). “An examination of the correlates of burnout in information system professionals,” Information Resources Management Journal, vol.12, no.3, 5-13.
Smith, P. C. & Kendall, L. J. & Hullin, C. L. (1969). The measure of satisfaction in work and retirement. Chicago: Rand-McNally.
Somers, M. J. (1995). “Organizational commitment, turnover and absenteeism: an examination of direct and interaction effects,” Journal of Organizational Behavior, 16, 49-58.
Steel, R. P. & Ovalle, N. K. (1984). “A review and meta- analysis of research on the relationship between behavioral intentions and employee turnover,” Journal of Applied Psychology, 69: 673-686.
Steers, R. M. (1977). “Antecedents and outcomes of organizational commitment,” Administrative Science Quarterly, 22, 46-56.
Steers, R. M. & Mowday, R. T. (1981). “Employee turnover and the post decision accommodation process in Shaw, B. M. and Cummings, L. L. (Eds),” Research in Organizational Behavior, vol.3. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.
Stone, E. F. & Porter, L. W. (1975). “Job characteristics and job attitudes: A multivariate study,” Journal of Applied Psychology, 60, 57-64.
Yoon, J.; Baker, M. R; Ko, J-W. (1994). “Absenteeism among hospital nurses: An idiographic-longitudinal analysis,” Human Relations. Vol.47, No.3, 329-351.
http://stats.bls.gov/datahome.htm/. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
http://www.cisc.iii.org.tw/. Computing Information Service Center, Institute of Information Organization.