博碩士論文 88521077 詳細資訊




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姓名 姚懿珍(I-Chen Yao )  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 電機工程研究所
論文名稱 雷射二極體驅動電路
(Laser Diode Driver)
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摘要(中) 這篇論文包含兩個雷射二極體驅動電路,其中之一可操作在1.25 Gbps,另外一個的位元傳輸速率則可達2.5 Gbps,此兩者都包含了驅動電路、自動功率控制電路和參考電壓產生電路; 另外,在2.5 Gbps的版本中,我們加上對偏壓電流和調變電流做數位控制的電路。這兩個雷射二極體驅動電路都是以TSMC 0.35 um 1P4M的數位製程來製作晶片,而1.25 Gbps版的晶片經過測試後證明其可操作在1.2 Gbps,並且自動功率控制電路與參考電壓產生電路也可正常運作。
摘要(英) Two laser diode drivers, of which one is operated at 1.25 Gbps while the other at 2.5 Gbps, are presented in this thesis. Both of them contain a driver, a reference voltage generator, and an automatic power control circuit. In addition, digital control blocks of bias current and modulation current are included in the 2.5 Gbps laser diode driver. TSMC 0.35um 1P4M digital process is used to fabricate these chips. The experimental results demonstrate that the 1.25 Gbps version can work at 1.2Gbps and APC works well, too.
關鍵字(中) ★ 光纖通訊
★  雷射二極體
★  雷射二極體驅動電路
關鍵字(英) ★ CMOS
★  laser diode
★  laser diode driver
★  ld driver
★  optical communication
★  VCSEL
論文目次 CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION1
1.1Introduction to Fiber Optical Communication Systems1
1.1.1Transmitter1
1.1.2Information Channel3
1.1.3Receiver3
1.2Motivation4
1.3Thesis Organization6
CHAPTER 2
THE SURVEY OF LASER DIODE DRIVER7
2.1The Characteristics of Laser Diode7
2.1.1Operating Characteristics8
2.1.2Temperature Dependence10
2.1.3Equivalent Circuit of the VCSEL11
2.2The Existing Solutions12
CHAPTER 3
1.25GBPS LASER DIODE DRIVER14
3.1Introduction and Specifications14
3.2Architecture Design15
3.3Circuits Design and Simulation Results17
3.3.1Driver17
3.3.1.1Differential Amplifier17
3.3.1.2Pre-Driver19
3.3.1.3Output Driver20
3.3.1.4Entire Driver Circuit22
3.3.2Automatic Power Control Circuit24
3.3.2.1Automatic Power Control Circuit24
3.3.2.2Testing Circuit28
3.3.3Reference Voltage Generator28
3.3.4Model of Pad30
3.4Implementations31
3.4.1Layout31
3.4.2Testing Considerations34
3.5The Experimental Results34
3.5.1Measurement Environment35
3.5.2Measurement Results36
CHAPTER 4
2.5 GBPS LASER DIODE DRIVER38
4.1Introduction and Specifications38
4.2 Architecture Design39
4.3Circuits Design and Simulation Results40
4.3.1Driver40
4.3.2Digital Control of Imod and Ibias44
4.3.3Automatic Power Control Circuit46
4.4Implementations48
CHAPTER 5
CONCLUSIONS50
REFERENCE 51
參考文獻 [1] W. J. Liu, R. R.-B. Sheen, J. S. Hwang, O. T.-C. Chen, "A Low-Power and High-Frequency CMOS Transceiver for Chip-to-Chip Interconnection," IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, May 2000.
[2] High Speed Characteristics of VCSELs, J. Tatum, D. Smith, J. Guenter and R. Johnson, Honeywell’s MICRO SWITCH Division.
[3] M. Banu, B. Jalali, R. Nottenburg, D. A. Humphrey, R. K. Montgomery, R. A. Hamm, M. B. Panish, ? Gbit/s BIPOLAR LASER DRIVER," Electronics Letters, vol.273, pp. 278 -280, 31 Jan. 1991.
[4] Optical Fibre Communication, Technical Staff of CSELT, Scholars Book Co., 1981.
[5] J. C. Palais, Fiber Optic Communications, Prentice Hall, 1998.
[6] Modulating VCSELs, Honeywell Inc.
[7] H. Djahanshahi, F. Hansen, C. A. T. Salama, "Gigabit-per-Second, ECL-Compatible I/O Interface in 0.35-um CMOS," IEEE JSSC, vol.34, no.8, pp.1074-1083, Aug. 1999.
[8] Single +5V, Fully Integrated, 1.25Gbps Laser Diode Driver, MAXIM co. ltd, 1997.
[9] Z.-G. Wang, M. Berroth, U. Nowotny, W. Gotzeina, P.Hofmann, A. Hulsmann, G. Kaufel, K.Kohler, B. Raynoe, and J. Schneider, ?Gbit/s Integrated Laser Diode Driver Using 0.3um Gate Length Quantum Well Transistors," Electronics Letters, vol. 28, no.3, pp. 222-224, Jan. 1992.
[10] L. P. Chen, M. Y. Li, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, and K. Y. Lau, "A low-power 1-Gb/s CMOS laser driver for a zero-bias modulated optical transmitter," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 9, no.7, pp. 997 -999, July 1997.
[11] H. M. Rein, E. Bertagnolli, A. Felder, and L. Schmidt, "Silicon bipolar laser and line driver IC with symmetrical output pulse shape operating up to 12 Gbit/s," Electronics Letters, vol. 28, no.14, pp. 1295 -1296, July 1992.
[12] D. A. Johns and K. Martin, Analog Integrated Circuit Design, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 1996.
[13] H. Djahanshahi, F. Hansen, C. A. T. Salama, "Giga Bit Per Second Per Pin Differential CMOS Circuits for Pseudo ECL Signaling," IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conference, vol.27, pp.601- 604, 1999.
[14] M. Ingels, G. V. der Plas, J. Crols, and M. Steyaert, "A CMOS 18THzΩ 240 Mb/s Transimpedance Amplifier and 155 Mb/s LED-Driver for Low Cost Optical Fiber Links," IEEE JSSC, vol. 29, no.12, pp. 1552-1559, Dec. 1994.
[15] VCSEL research, development and applications at Honeywell, Honeywell Technology Center.
[16] Y. Sugimoto and K. Kasahara, "Future Prospects of VCSELs: Industrial View," Opto-Electronics Research Laboratories, NEC Corporation.
[17] 1.0/1.25 GBPS VCSEL DRIVER, AMCC.
[18] 3.3-5 Volt VCSEL driver IC for applications from <100Mbps to 1.25Gbps, Microcosm Communications Ltd.
[19] 葉一平, "符合OC3通訊協定之250Mbps積體化雷射二極體驅動器研製,"私立元智大學電機暨資訊工程研究所, 碩士論文, 民國八十七年六月.
[20] 鄭振東, "光纖與無線通信系統," 全華科技圖書股份有限公司, 民國八十九年十月
指導教授 周世傑(Shyh-Jye Jou) 審核日期 2001-7-6
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