博碩士論文 88521086 詳細資訊




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姓名 張家祥(Chia-Hsiang Chang )  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 電機工程研究所
論文名稱 多模組之相位同步技術
(multiple module synchronization methodology)
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摘要(中) 我們在此提出一多模組相位同步技術。多模組的相位同步是個重要部分對於SOC系統的環境。所提出的同步技術目前是適合應用於整合自動測試機臺。此同步技術的優點是可很容易的增減所需同步模組的個數。同時能提供穩定同步且可調整的時序。而有了此同步且可調整的時序,我們可以用以取代原自動測試機臺的時序產生器。而此同步的機制可以簡化且縮減傳統所需的時序校正所需且冗長的時間。同步機制的模擬是先採用C語言描述加以模擬其機制動作,用以檢視其機制的運作。再來以Verilog硬體描述來模擬硬體實現的環境。模擬的環境設定成接近實際的運作環境。而同步機制所需的相位產生器是以TSMC 1p4m 0.35um 的製程技術設計製作。而其量測的結果可驗證其精細的相位解析度。
摘要(英) In this thesis, we have proposed a novel methodology for multi-module synchronization. The multi-module synchronization is an important feature for SOC (system on a chip). The proposed synchronization methodology can also be fitted into the integration of ATE (automatic test equipment). The advantage of this methodology is easy to expand the number of modules without significant effort for the modification. It also provides highly stable synchronous timing and adjustable phase. With these, the synchronization mechanism can replace the original timing generator for the ATE. The synchronization mechanism also can simplify the con-ventional timing calibration process. The system simulation of the synchronization methodology is done in C language and Verilog. The simulation environment is set close to the condition of real environment. The component of multi-phase generator is designed with TSMC 1p4m 0.35um technology. The measurement results verify the generation of fine timing.
關鍵字(中) ★ 多模組相位同步技術
★  時序產生器
★  自動測試機臺
關鍵字(英) ★ ATE
★  synchronization methodology
★  timing generator
論文目次 Contents
CHAPTER 1INTRODUCTION1
1.1Motivation1
1.2Application in the integration of ATE4
1.3Timing generator5
1.4A dynamic clock synchronization technique7
1.5Point-to-point scheme8
1.6The issues in multi-module synchronization10
1.7Summary11
CHAPTER 2ARCHITECTURE OVERVIEW12
2.1Overview12
2.2Multi-module synchronization mechanism14
2.3Synchronization control logic20
2.4PN address reset finite state machine21
2.5Lead/Lag detection22
2.6PN/data combine24
2.7Data extraction25
2.8Phase compensation decision26
CHAPTER 3THEORETICAL BACKGROUNDS28
3.1Introduction28
3.2Analysis of “lead/lag detection”29
3.3Performance of confidence counter31
CHAPTER 4SIMULATION RESULT AND MEASUREMENT35
4.1Introduction35
4.2The simulation of NRZ clock recovery36
4.3The implementation of NRZ clock recovery37
4.4The measurement of NRZ clock recovery38
4.5Multi-module synchronization simulation result41
CHAPTER 5CONCLUSION47
BIBLIOGRAPHY48
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[2]Pangjun, J.; Sapatnekar, S.S. “Clock distribution using multiple voltages,” Proc. Int'l Symp. Of Low Power Electronics and Design, 1999, pp. 145 —150.
[3]Taylor, G.F.; Geannopoulos, G. “Microprocessor clock distribution,” IEEE 5th Technical Meeting on Electrical Performance of Electronic Packaging, 1996, page 29.
[4]Ramanathan, P.; Dupont, A.J.; Shin, K.G. “Clock distribution in general VLSI circuits,” IEEE Trans. On Circuits and Systems I: Fundamental Theory and Applications, Vol 41 No. 5, 1994, pp. 395 —404.
[5]Restle, P.J.; Deutsch, A. “Designing the best clock distribution network,” Proc. Symp. On VLSI Circuits, 1998, pp. 2 -5.
[6]Aguiar, R.L.; Santos, D.M. “Wide-area clock distribution using controlled de-lay lines,” Proc. Int'l Conf. On Electronics, Circuits and Systems, 1998, pp. 63 -66 vol.2.
[7]Hyun Lee, Han Quang Nguyen, D.W. Potter, “Design self-synchronized clock distribution networks in an SoC ASIC using DLL with remote clock feedback,” Proc. Int'l ASIC/SOC Conference, 2000, pp. 248 —252.
[8]Geannopoulos, G.; Dai, X. “An adaptive digital deskewing circuit for clock distribution networks,” Proc. Int'l Solid-State Circuits Conference, 1998, pp. 400 —401.
[9]Brueske, D.E.; Embabi, S.H.K. “A dynamic clock synchronization technique for large systems,” IEEE Trans. On Components, Packaging, and Manufactur-ing Technology, Part B: Advanced Packaging, Vol 17 No. 3, 1994, pp. 350 -361.
[10]Sutoh, H.; Yamakoshi, K.; Ino, M. “Circuit technique for skew-free clock dis-tribution,” Custom Integrated Circuits Conference, 1995., Proceedings of the IEEE 1995 , 1995 , Page(s): 163 -166
[11]Hong-Yean Hsieh; Wentai Liu; Clements, M.; Franzon, P. “Self-calibrating clock distribution with scheduled skews,” Circuits and Systems, 1998. ISCAS '98. Proceedings of the 1998 IEEE International Symposium on, Volume: 2 , 1998,Page(s): 470 -473 vol.2.
[12]Hyun Lee; Han Quang Nguyen; Potter, D.W.,“Design self-synchronized clock distribution networks in an SoC ASIC using DLL with remote clock feedback”
ASIC/SOC Conference, 2000. Proceedings. 13th Annual IEEE International, 2000 Page(s): 248 -252
[13]Kim, S.; Sridhar, R “Hierarchical synchronization scheme using self-timed mesochronous interconnections,” Proc. ISCAS 1997, pp. 1824 -1827 vol.3.
[14]Muttersbach, J.; Villiger, T.; Kaeslin, H.; Felber, N.; Fichtner, W “Glob-ally-asynchronous locally-synchronous architectures to simplify the design of on-chip systems,” Proc. ASIC/SOC Conference, 1999, pp. 317 —321.
[15]Fenghao Mu; Svensson, C. “High speed interface for system-on-chip design by self-tested self-synchronization,” Proc. ISCAS 1999, pp. 516 -519 vol.2.
[16]S. Sidiropoulos, M.A. Horowitz, “A semidigital dual delay-locked loop,” IEEE J. of Solid-State Circuits, Vol 32 No. 11, 1997, pp. 1683 -1692.
[17]Minami, K.; Mizuno, M.; Yamaguchi, H.; Nakano, T.; Matsushima, Y.; Sumi, Y.; Sato, T.; Yamashida, H.; Yamashina, M. “A 1 GHz portable digital de-lay-locked loop with infinite phase capture ranges,” Proc. Int'l Solid-State Cir-cuits Conf., 2000, pp. 350 -351.
[18]Garlepp, B.W.; et. al., “A portable digital DLL for high-speed CMOS interface circuits,” IEEE J. of Solid-State Circuits, Vol 34 No 5, 1999, pp. 632 —644.
指導教授 蘇朝琴(Chauchin Su) 審核日期 2001-7-3
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