|| Aubert, F. and D. Bechmann, “Volume-preserving space deformation,” Computer & Graphics, Vol.21, No.5, pp.625-639, 1997. |
 Basdogan, C., C.-H. Ho, M. A. Srinivasan, S. D. Small, and S. L. Dawson, “Force interactions in laparoscopic simulations: haptic rendering of soft tissues,” in Proc. of Conf. on Medicine Meets Virtual Reality, San Diego, CA, Jan.19-22, 1998, pp.385-391.
 Bechmann, D., “Space deformation models survey,” Computer & Graphics, Vol.18, No.4, pp.571-586, 1994.
 Bielser, D., V. A. Maiwald, M. H. Gross, Interactive Cuts Through 3-dimensional Soft Tissue, Technical Report 309, ETH Zurich, Institute of Scientific Computing, Nov. 1998.
 Bro-Nielsen, M., “Finite element modeling in surgery simulation,” in Proc. IEEE Special Issue on Virtual & Augmented Reality in Medicine, Vol.86, No.3, pp.490-503, 1998.
 Chen, Y., Q.-H. Zhu, and K. Arie, “Physically based animation of volumetric objects,” in Proc. IEEE Computer Animation, Philadelphia, Jun.8-10, 1998, pp.154-160.
 Coquillart, S., “Extended free-form deformation: a sculpturing tool for 3D geometric modeling,” in Proc. SIGGRAPH’90, Vol.24, No.4, Dallas, TX, Aug.6-10, 1990, pp.187-196.
 Cotin, S., H. Delingette, and N. Ayache, Efficient Linear Elastic Models of Soft Tissues for Real-time Surgery Simulation, Technique Report TR-98-3510, Institut National de Recherche en Informatique et en Automatique (INRIA), 1998.
 Cover, S. A., N. F. Ezquerra, J. F. O’Brien, R. Rowe, J. Gadacz, and E. Palm, “Interactively deformable models for surgery simulation,” IEEE Computer Graphics & Applications, Vol.13, No.6, pp.68-75, 1993.
 Delingette, H., “Toward realistic soft-tissue modeling in medical simulation,” in Proc. IEEE Special Issue on Virtual & Augmented Reality in Medicine, Vol.86, No.3, pp.512-523, 1998.
 Desbrun, M., P. Schroder, A. Barr, “Interactive animation of structured deformable objects, ” in Proc. Graphics Interface '99, Kingston, Canada, Jun.2-4, 1999, pp.1-8.
 Gibson, S. F. F. and B. Mirtich, A Survery of Deformable Modeling in Computer Graphics, Technique Report TR-97-19, Mitsubishi Electric Research Laboratory, 1997.
 Guan, Z., J. Ling, N. Tao, X. Ping, and T. Rongxi, “Study and application of physics-based deformable curves and surfaces,” Computer & Graphics, Vol.21, No.4, pp.305-313, 1997.
 Gudukbay, U., B. Ozguc, and Y. Tokad, “A spring force formulation for elastically deformable models,” Computer & Graphics, Vol.21, No.3, pp.335-346, 1997.
 Hirota, G., R. Maheshwari, and M.-C. Lin, “Fast volume-preserving free form deformation using multi-level optimization,” in Proc. of the Fifth Symp. on Solid Modeling and Application, Ann Arbor, MI, June 8-11, 1999, pp.234-245.
 Hsu, W. M., J. F. Hughes, and H. Kaufman, “Direct manipulation of free-form deformations,” in Proc. SIGGRAPH’92, Vol.26, No.2, Chicago, IL, Jul.26-31, 1992, pp.177-184.
 Kuhn, C., U. Kuhnapfel, H.-G. Krumm, and B. Neisius, “A ‘virtual reality’ based training system for minimally invasive surgery,” in Proc. Computer Assisted Radiology (CAR’96), Paris, Jun.26-29, 1996, pp.764-769.
 Kuhnapfel, U. G. and B. Neisius, “CAD-based graphical computer simulation in endoscopic surgery,” Endoscopic Surgery and Allied Technologies, Vol.1, No.2, pp.181-184, 1993.
 Kuhnapfel, U., H. K. Cakmak, H. Maas, “3D Modeling for Endoscopic Surgery,“ in Proc. IEEE Symposium on Simulation, Delft University, Delft, NL, Oct. 13, 1999, pp.22-32.
 Louchet, J. , X. Provot, D. Corchemore, “Evolutionary identification of cloth animation models, “ in Eurographics Workshop on Computer Animation and Simulation, Maastricht, Netherlands, Sep.2-3, 1995, pp.44-54.
 Meseure, P. and C. Chaillou, “Deformable body simulation with adaptative subdivision and cuttings,” in Proc. WSCG’97, Plzen, Czech Republic, Feb.10-14, 1997, pp.361-370.
 Ng, H. N. and R. L. Grimsdate., “Computer graphics techniques for modeling cloth,” IEEE Computer Graphics & Applications, Vol.16, No.5, pp.28-41, 1996.
 Provot, X., “Collision and self-collision handling in cloth model dedicated to design garments, “ in Eurographics Workshop on Computer Animation and Simulation, Budapest, Hungary, Sep.2-3, 1997, pp.177-189.
 Provot, X., “Deformation constraints in a mass-spring model to describe rigid cloth behavior,” in Proc. Graphics Interface, Quebec City, Canada, May17-19, 1995, pp.147-154.
 Qin, H. and D. Terzopoulos, “Dynamic NURBS swung surfaces for physics-based shape design,” Computer-Aided Design, Vol.27, No.2, pp.111-127, 1995.
 Rappoport, A., A. Sheffer, and M. Bercovier, “Volume-preserving free-form solids,” IEEE Trans. on Visualization & Computer Graphics, Vol.2, No.1, pp.19-27, 1996.
 Sederberg, T. W. and S. R. Parry, “Free-form deformation of solid geometric models,” in Proc. SIGGRAPH’86, Vol.20, No.4, Dallas, TX, Aug.18-22, 1986, pp.151-160.
 Terzopoulos, D. and H. Qin, “Dynamic NURBS with geometric constraints for interactive sculpting,” ACM Trans. on Graphics, Vol.13, No.2, pp.103-136, 1994.
 Terzopoulos, D., J. Platt, A. Barr, and K. Fleischer, “Elastically deformable models,” in Proc. SIGGRAPH’87, Vol.21, No.4, Anaheim, CA, Jul.27-31, 1987, pp.205-214.
 Volino, P. , M. Courchesne, and N. M. Thalmann, “Versatile and efficient techniques for simulating cloth and other deformable objects,” in Proc. SIGGRAPH’95, Vol.29, pp.137-144, 1995.