博碩士論文 88522066 詳細資訊




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姓名 洪培凱(Pei-Kai Hung )  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 資訊工程研究所
論文名稱 無線行動隨建即連網路上之廣播排程協定
(Broadcast Scheduling Protocols in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks)
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摘要(中) 在一個無線行動隨建即連網路上,對網路上的各個點廣播訊息是經常發生的。一個有效的廣播通訊協定要能幫助訊息快速及可靠的散播而且要能降低多餘的再廣播。
在這篇論文當中,我們提出了三個廣播排程協定,一個是中央集中排程的協定,它需要知道整個網路各點的拓撲。其它二個是分散式的排程,他們只需要知道附近鄰居的資訊。其中一個是適用於比較靜態的網路,另一個可用於動態的網路。我們所提出的三個廣播排程協定都可以降低再廣播的比例而且能快速地完成廣播的動作。前二個協定能達到百分之百的收到率,第三個協定也有良好的收到率。在我們的論文中,我們將所提出的廣播排程協定與其它的協定就再廣播的比例、收到率及平均完成廣播的時間作詳細的比較、分析及討論。
摘要(英) In this thesis, we consider the issue of broadcasting protocols in a mobile ad hoc network
(MANET). The objective of a broadcasting protocol is to deliver the broadcasted message
to all network nodes. Flooding in MANET has poor performance because it leads to se-rious
packets collision, contention, and redundancy, which results in the waste of limited
network bandwidth. Our goal is to design broadcasting protocols to improve the broadcast
performance. In this thesis, we propose three broadcasting protocols, one is centralized
protocol and two are distributed ones. In the three protocols, we use two basic schemes,
the ”set-covering” scheme and ”independent-transmission-set” scheme, to choose the relay
nodes and arrange a proper transmission sequence for each node. In the centralized proto-col,
we assume the topology of the network is known in advance. The centralized protocol
runs at source node and has a collision-free broadcast schedule. In the two distributed pro-tocols,
one is used for low mobility and the other one is used for topology changing rapidly.
We assume each node having the knowledge of its two-hop neighbors in both distributed
protocols. Simulation results show that the proposed broadcasting protocols can decrease
a great deal of redundant forwarding packets to save the limited network bandwidth
關鍵字(中) ★ 分散式演算法
★  廣播協定
★  無線行動隨建即連網路
關鍵字(英) ★ Broadcasting protocols
★  distributed algorithms
論文目次 1 Introduction 1
2 Preliminary 4
2.1 Set-Covering Scheme . . . . . ....................... 4
2.2 Independent-Transmission-Set Scheme . . . . ................ 7
3 Proposed Broadcast Scheduling Protocols 11
3.1 Protocol 1: A Centralized Protocol . . . . . . ................ 11
3.2 Protocol 2: A Distributed Broadcasting Protocol for Low Mobility ..... 15
3.3 Protocol 3: A Distributed Protocol with High Mobility . . . . . . ..... 23
4 Simulation Results 26
5 Conclusion 29
參考文獻 [1] Sze-Yao Ni, Yu-Chee Tseng, Yuh-Shyan Chen, and Jang-Ping Sheu, “The Broadcast
Storm Problem in a Mobile Ad Hoc Network,” in Proceedings of the fifth annual
ACM/IEEE international conference on Mobile computing and networking, August
1999, pp. 151—162.
[2] A. Sen and J.M. Capone, “Scheduling In Packet Radio Networks - A New Approach,”
in Proceedings of Global Telecommunications Conference, 1999, pp. 650—654.
[3] Imrich Chlamtac and Shay Kutten, “Tree-based broadcasting in multihop radio net-works,”
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[4] Wei Peng and Xi-Cheng Lu, “On the reduction of broadcast redundancy in mobile ad
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[5] Rajiv Ramaswami and Keshab K. Parhi, “Distributed scheduling of broadcasts in a
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[6] Stefano Basagni, Danilo Bruschi, and Imrich Chlamtac, “A mobility-transparent de-terministic
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[7] Chungki Lee, James E. Burns, and Mostafa H. Ammar, “Improved randomized broad-cast
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[8] Mark L. Huson and Arunabha Sen, “Broadcast scheduling algorithms for radio net-works,”
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[9] S. Ramanathan and E.L. Lloyd, “Scheduling algorithms for multihop radio networks,”
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[12] B. Hajek and G. Sasaki, “Link scheduling in polynomial time,” IEEE Transactions
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[14] A. Ephremides and T.V. Truong, “Scheduling broadcasts in multihop radio networks,”
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[15] A. Sen and M.L. Huson, “A new model for scheduling packet radio networks,” in
Proceedings of Fifteenth Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer Societies,
1996, vol. 3, pp. 1116 —1124.
[16] J. Sucec and I. Marsic, “An efficient distributed network-wide broadcast algorithm
for mobile ad hoc networks,” http:// citeseer.nj.nec.com/312658.html.
[17] Thomas H. Cormen and Charles E. Leisersion abd Ronald L. Rivest, Introduction To
Algorithms, The MIT Press and McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1 edition, 1990.
指導教授 許健平(Jang-Ping Sheu) 審核日期 2001-7-25
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