博碩士論文 88622001 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:3 、訪客IP:3.226.243.226
姓名 林靜怡(Jing-Yi Lin )  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 地球物理研究所
論文名稱 以地震層析法推求台灣北部地區的速度構造並探討流體的可能分佈
相關論文
★ 台灣基隆外海近海床地質構造與噴氣現象的探討★ 南海北部地殼構造與深海沈積物波之研究
★ 西菲律賓海盆西部的海床構造分析★ 南海北坡高解析水深調查與淺層地質的構造分析
★ 南海北部之磁力異常特徵分析★ 利用底質剖面儀及EK60聲納資料研究台灣北部近海的可能活動構造
★ 台灣恆春半島南部海域海底地形及構造研究★ 南海東北部海洋地殼構造之研究
★ 台灣地區岩石圈之浮力與重力位能的探討★ 聯合尤拉解迴旋與解析訊號法求取磁源參數之研究
★ 南海最北部地磁與地形之研究★ 班達海岩心MD012380之磁學研究: 80萬年來赤道暖池區之古環境變遷
★ 台灣至呂宋島間馬尼拉海溝的震測研究: 從正常隱沒到初期碰撞抬昇的上部地殼構造★ 利用接收函數法分析台灣深部地殼構造
★ 板塊邊界地震引起之重力位能變化★ 南海北部地體構造之研究
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   [檢視]  [下載]
  1. 本電子論文使用權限為同意立即開放。
  2. 已達開放權限電子全文僅授權使用者為學術研究之目的,進行個人非營利性質之檢索、閱讀、列印。
  3. 請遵守中華民國著作權法之相關規定,切勿任意重製、散佈、改作、轉貼、播送,以免觸法。

摘要(中) 本研究將柔性網格的設計技巧加入地震層析法中,以提高波線較密地區的解析度情況下求得台灣北部地區P波波速和Vp/Vs比值的分佈。逆推過程中我們使用中央氣象局地震測報中心所提供的3770個地震的資料,其中共有83107筆P波和44412筆S波的到時記錄。首先我們用棋盤式測試的方法求得最適當的網格間距,並將波線經過較少的網格點值鏈結到其附近的主要網格點值上。逆推結果分別以解析矩陣、導數加權總和、波線通過數總和及特徵模型測試等方法來探討其解析度的好壞在空間分佈的情況。
逆推結果顯示,在0?4公里深時,台灣東部有呈帶狀的低P波波速分佈,其位置與梨山斷層吻合,而在其左側的雪山山脈則呈現相對高的P波和S波速度。另外,西部麓山帶也有低P波和S波速度分佈,其深度可達7公里,推測可能是此區有厚的沈積物存在的關係。同時,西部麓山帶下也有高的Vp/Vs比值分佈,其範圍從沿海附近地區向下及向內陸延伸到雪山山脈下方約20公里處,推論此異常可能是因為存在高的含水飽和度所造成,而其向東傾斜的分佈型態,則可能和西部麓山帶的逆衝斷層構造有關。宜蘭平原北部的淺部4公里內也有高的Vp/Vs異常出現,因為此處也有低的Vp和Vs值且其出現位置與沖繩海槽延伸到宜蘭平原的擴張中心位置吻合,推測可能因為沖繩海槽沿中心軸向兩側的擴張作用使得地表凹陷、沈積物充填和含水飽和度高所造成。另外,本研究也發現沿東經121.75度左右有極高的Vp/Vs比值伴隨低的S波速度分佈,越往北方這些異常區域的分佈越深,經與隱沒中的菲律賓海板塊位置比對,我們發現此異常區域出現在隱沒板塊的上緣,推測可能與板塊隱沒伴隨的岩漿作用有關,但其真正成因仍待未來進一步釐清。
關鍵字(中) ★ p/Vs
★  分融熔
★  台灣北部
★  速度構造
★  隙率
★  震層析法
★  體分佈
★  體構造
關鍵字(英)
論文目次 摘要 ………………………………………………………………………i
誌謝 ………………………………………………………………………ii
目錄 ………………………………………………………………………?
圖目 ………………………………………………………………………?
表目 ………………………………………………………………………?
第一章 緒論 …………………………………………………………………1
1.1研究動機與目的 ……………………………………………………1
1.2文獻回顧 ……………………………………………………………2
1.2.1 LET理論的演進 ……………………………………………2
1.2.2 P波速度構造的研究與應用 …………………………………4
1.2.3 Vp/Vs構造的研究與應用 ……………………………………5
1.3本文內容 …………………………………………………………5
第二章 研究區域地質背景 …………………………………………………7
2.1 西部麓山帶 …………………………………………………………8
2.2 雪山山脈 ……………………………………………………………8
2.3 脊樑山脈 ……………………………………………………………8
2.4 中央山脈東翼變質區 ………………………………………………8
2.5 大屯火山區 …………………………………………………………9
2.6 宜蘭平原及龜山島 …………………………………………………9
第三章 地震層析法 ………………………………………………………11
3.1 區域地震層析法的原理 …………………………………………11
3.1.1速度構造的逆推原理…………………………………………11
3.1.2 Vp/Vs構造的基本原理……………………………………13
3.2 波線追跡及速度網格設定 ………………………………………13
3.2.1 波線追跡和走時的計算 ……………………………………14
3.2.2 三維速度網格設定 …………………………………………15
3.3同時逆推 …………………………………………………………18
3.4柔性網格 …………………………………………………………20
3.5逆推理論 …………………………………………………………21
第四章 資料收集與處理 …………………………………………………23
4.1逆堆資料的收集及處理 …………………………………………23
4.1.1 地震與測站資料蒐集 ………………………………………24
4.1.2 一維初始模型設定 …………………………………………24
4.1.3 網格參數設定 ………………………………………………29
4.1.4 阻尼值的選定 ………………………………………………33
4.2解析度分析 ………………………………………………………33
4.2.1 一般的解析度評估方法 …………………………………33
4.2.2棋盤式測試及柔性網格的設定 ……………………………37
4.2.3 特性模型測試 ………………………………………………38
4.3其他參數設定 ……………………………………………………42
第五章 逆推結果 …………………………………………………………43
5.1 三維層析構造分析 ………………………………………………43
5.1.1 與一維P波速度及Vp/Vs模型的比較 ……………………43
5.1.2 平面分析 ……………………………………………………43
5.1.3 剖面分析 ……………………………………………………60
5.2 柔性網格解析度的分析 …………………………………………91
第六章 Vp/Vs比值變化的成因探討 ………………………………………96
6.1 理論上的Vp/Vs比值變化因素 …………………………………96
6.1.1 岩石成分的不同 ……………………………………………96
6.1.2 溫度與壓力 …………………………………………………97
6.1.3 孔隙率及飽和度 ……………………………………………99
6.1.4 部分融熔 …………………………………………………103
6.1.5 其他 ………………………………………………………105
6.2 分區並量化 ……………………………………………………116
6.2.1 大屯火山區 ………………………………………………116
6.2.2 西部麓山帶北部 …………………………………………116
6.2.3 宜蘭平原 …………………………………………………125
6.3 分區綜合討論 ……………………………………………………129
第七章 綜合討論 …………………………………………………………131
7.1 P波速度的平均值比較 …………………………………………131
7.2 西部麓山帶 ………………………………………………………133
第八章 結論 ………………………………………………………………138
參考文獻 …………………………………………………………………139
附錄A 網格間距為18公里的棋盤式測試結果 ………………………148
附錄B ……………………………………………………………………154
參考文獻 參考文獻
Abers, G.A., Rocker, S.W., 1991. Deep structure of an arc-continent collision; earthquake relocation and inversion for upper mantle P and S wave velocities beneath Papua New Guinea. J. Geophys.Res, 96, 6,379-6,401, 1991.
Aggarwal, Y. P., L. R. Sykes, J. armbruster and M. L. Sbar, Premonitory changes in seismic velocities and prediction of earthquakes, Nature, 241, 101-104, 1973.
Ague, J. J., J. Park, and D. M. Rye, Regional metamorphic dehydration and seismic hazard, Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 4,221-4,224, 1998.
Aki, K. and W. H. K. Lee, Determination of three-dimensional velocity anomalies under a seismic arryay using first P arrival times from local earthquakes, 1, A homogeneous initial model, J. Geophys. Res., 81, 4,381-4,399, 1976.
Bailey, R. C., Trapping of aqueous fluids in the deep crust, Geophys. Res. Lett., 17, 1,129-1,132, 1990.
Bijwaard, H., Spakman, W., Engdahl, E. R., 1998. Closing the gap between regional and global travel time tomography, J. Geophys.Res, l03, 30,055-30,078, 1998.
Bowin, C., H. Schouten, R. Lu, and C. S. Lee, Plate convergence and accretion in the Taiwan-Luzon region, Solid-earth geophysics, 18, 1978.
Carrara, E., R. Pece and N. Roberti, Geoelectrical and seismic prospections in hydrogeology:Model and Master Curves for the Evaluation of porosity and water saturation, Pure and Applied Geophys., 154,211-255,1999.
Chatterjee, S. N., Pitt, A. M. and Iyer, H. M., Vp/Vs ratios in the Yellowstone National Park region, Wyoming, J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res., 26, 213-230, 1985.
Chen, C. C. and C.S. Chen, Preliminary report on the Sanyi-Puli seismic zone conductivity anomaly and its correlation with velocity structure and seismicity in the Northwestern Taiwan, Earth Planets Space, 52, 377-381, 2000.
Chen, C. H., Petrological and geochemical study of the shore onitic rocks of the Kuanyinshan area, northern Taiwan: Acta Geol. Taiwanica21, 33-62, 1982.
Chen, C.S., Recent MT survering supports the thin-skinned structure in the orogen, Journal of The Geologicla Society China, 42, 59-68, 1999.
Christensen, N. I., Compressional wave velocities in rocks at high temperatures and pressures critical thermal gradients, and crustal low-velocity zones, J. Geophys.Res, 84, 6,849-6,857, 1979.
Christensen, N. I., Seismic velocity, in CRC Pratical Handbook of Physical Properties of Rocks and Minerals, edited by R. S. Carmichael, pp. 1-228, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla., 1989.
Christensen, N. I., Seismic velocity structure and composition of the continetal crust: A global view, J. Geophys.Res, 100, 9,761-9,788, 1995.
Christensen, N. I., Poisson’s ratio and crustal seismology, J. Geophys.Res, 101, 3,139-3,156, 1996.
Crosson, R. S., Crustal structure modeling of earthquake data 1. Simultaneous least squares estimation of hypocenter and velocity parameters, J. Geophys. Res., 81, 3,036-3,046. 1976.
Eberhart-Phillips, D., Three-dimensional velocity structure in northern California Coast Range from inversion of local earthquake arrival times, Bull. Seismo. Soc. Am., 76,1,025-1,052, 1986.
Eberhart-Phillips, D., Inverstigations of Crustal Structure and Active Tectonic Processes in the Coast Ranges, Central California, PH.D. Thesis, Stanford University, Standford, 1989.
Eberhart-Phillips, D., Three-dimensional P and S velocity structure in the Coalinga region, California, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 15,343-15,363, 1990.
Eberhart-Phillips, D., and M. Reyners, Continental subduction and three-dimensional crustal structure: The northern South Island, New Zealand, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 11,843-11,861, 1997.
Eberhart-Phillips, D., W. D. Stanley, B. D. Rodriguez, W. J. Lutter, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 12,919-12,936, 1995.
Fielitz, K. and C. Zellerfeld, Elastic wave velocities in different rocks at high rressure and temperatures up to 750℃, Zeitschrift fuir Geophysik Band 37, 943-956,1971
Fitch, T. J., and J. M. W. Rynn, Inversion of Vp/Vs in shallow source regions. Geophys. J. R. Astron. Soc., 44, 253-267, 1976.
Gudmundsson, A., Fluid overpressure and stress drop in fault zones, Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 115-118, 1999.
Hasegawa, A., D. Zhao, S. Hori, A. Yamamoto, and S. Horiuchi, Deep structure of the northeastern Japan arc and its relationship to seismic and volcanic activity, Nature, 352, 683-689, 1991.
Hasegawa, A. and A. Yamamoto, Deep, low-frequency microearthquakes in or around seismic low-velocity zones beneath active volcanoes in northeastern Japan, Tectonophysics, 233, 233-252, 1994.
Hawley, B. W., G.. Zandt, and R. B. Smith, Simultaneous inversion for hypocenters and lateral velocity variations: an iterative solution with a layered model, J. Geophys. Res., 86, 7,073-7,076, 1981.
Hsu, S. K., Subduction/collision Complexities in the Taiwan-Ryukyu junction area: Tectonics of the Nothwestern Corner of the Phillipne sea plate, TAO, 209-230, 2001.
Husen, S., E. Kissling, and E. R. Flueh, Locla earthquake tomography of shallow subduction in north Chile: A combine onshore and offshore study, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 28,183-28,198, 2000.
Hwang, W. T. and C. Y. Wang, Sequential thrusting model for mountain building: constraints from geology and heat flow of Taiwan, J. Geophys.Res., 98, 6, 9963-9973, 1993.
Hyndman, R. D. and S. L. Klemperer, Lower-crustal porosity from electrical measurements and inferences about composition from seismic velocities, Geophys. Res. Lett., 16, 255-258, 1989.
Humphreys, E., and R. W. Clayton, Adaptation of back projection tomography to seismic travel time problems, J. Geophys. Res., 93, 1073-1085, 1988.
Ito, H., J. DeVilbiss, and A. Nur, Compressional and shear waves in saturated rock during water-steam transition, J. Geophys. Res., 84, 4,731-4,735, 1979.
Juang, W. S. and H. Bellon, The potassium-argon deting of andesites from Taiwan:proc. Geol. Soc. China 27, 86-100, 1984.
Julian, B. R., and Gubbins, D., Three-dimensional seismic ray tracing. J. Geophys., 43, 95-113, 1977.
Julian, B. R., A. M. Pitt and G. R. Foulger, Seismic image of a CO2 reservoir beneath a seismically active volcano, Geophys. J. Int. 133, F7- F10, 1998.
Kao, H., and R. J. Rau, Detailed structures of the subducted Phillippine Sea platebeneath northeast Taiwan: A new type of double seismic zone, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 1015-1033, 1999.
Kern, H., and A. Richter, Temperature Derivatives of compressional and shear wave velocities in crustal and mantle rocks at 6 kbar confining pressure, J. Geophys.Res., 49, 47-56, 1981.
Kissling, E., Geotomography with local earthquake data, Rev. Geophys., 26, 659-698, 1988.
Koch, M., Nonlinear inversion of local seismic travel times for the simultaneous determination of the 3D-velocity structure andhypocenters — application to the seismic zone Vrancea. J. Geophys., 56, 160-173, 1985.
Kumagai, H., Acoustic properties of a crack containing magmatic or hydrothermal fluids, J. Geophys.Res., 105, 25,493-25,512, 2000.
Kumphreys, E. and R. W. Clayton, Adaptation of back projection tomography to seismic travel time problems, J. Geophys.Res, 93, 1,073-1,085, 1988.
Lawson, C. L., and R. J. Hanson, Solving least squares problem, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1974.
Lee, C. S., Tsai, C. F., Chung, S. L. and SPOT members, Active interaction of submarine volcanoes and ocean current in the southernmost part of Okinawa Trough, EOS Trans. AGU 79 (1998) F858.
Lee, Y. C., and Y. B. Tsai, Crustal structure of Taiwan from P wave arrival times, Proc. Geol. Soc. China, 21, 111-127, 1978.
Liaw T. L., and Y. H. Yeh, Crustal structure of P wave velocity in northeastern Taiwan, Bull. Inst. Earth Sci., Acad. Sin., 3, 55-70, 1983.
Lin, C. H., Y. H. Yeh, and S. W. Roecker, Seismic velocity structures in the Sanyi-Fengyuan area, central Taiwan, Proc. Geol. Soc. China, 32, 101-120,1989.
Lin, C. H., and Roecker, S. W., Determination of earthquake hypocenters, focal mechanisms, and velocity structure in the Morgan Hi;; area through 3-D circular ray tracing, Eos. Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 71, 1445, 1990.
Lin, C. H., Y. H. Yeh, H. Y. Yen, K. C. Chen and B. S. Huang, Three-dimensional elastic wave velocity structure of the Hualien region of Taiwan: Evidence of active crustal exhumation, Tectonics, 17, 89-103,1998.
Ma, K. F., J. H. Wang and Dapeng Zhao, Three-dimensional seismic veloity structure of the crust and uppermost mantle beneath Taiwan, J. Phys. Earth, 44, 85-105, 1996.
Mavko, G. M., Velocity and attenuation in partially molten rocks, J. Geophys.Res., 85, 5,172-5,189, 1980.
Michelini, A, and T. V. McEvilly, Seismological stugies at Parkfield. I. Simultaneous inversion for velocity structure and hypocenters using cubic B-splines parameterization. Bull. Seimol. Soc. Am., 81, 524-552, 1991.
Miller, D. J. and N. I. Christensen, Seismic signature and geochemistry of an island arc: A multidisciplinary study of the Kohistan accreted terrane, northern Pakistan, J. Geophys.Res., 99, 11,623-11,642, 1994.
Miller, D. S. and R. B. Smith, P and S velocity structure of the Yellowstone volcanic field from local earthquake and controlled-source tomography, J. Geophys.Res., 104, 15,105-15,121, 1999.
Moos, D., and M. D. Zoback, In situ studies of velocity in fractured crystalline rocks, J. Geophys. Res., 88, 2,345-2,358, 1983.
Moser T. J., Shortest path calculation of seismic rays, Geophysics, 56, 59-67, 1991.
O’Connell, R. J., and Budiansky, B., Seismic velocities in dry and saturated cracked solids, J. Geophys. Res., 79, 5,412-5,425, 1974.
O’Connell, R. J., Viscoelastic properties of fluid-saturatured cracked solids, J. Geophys. Res., 82, 5,719-5,735, 1977.
Pavlis, G. L., and J. R. Booker, The mixed discrete continuous inverse problem :Application to the simultaneous determination of earthquake hypocenters and velocity structure, J. Geophys. Res., 85, 4,801-4,810, 1980.
Pereyra, V., W. H. K. Lee, and H. B. Keller, Solving two-point seismic ray-tracing problems in heterogeneous medium, Pt. 1. A general adaptive finite difference method. Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 78, 1190-1198, 1980.
Rau, R. J. and F. T. Wu, Tomographic imaging of lithospheric structures under Taiwan, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 133, 517-532,1996.
Rodi, W. L., T. H. Jordan, and J. F. Masso., et al., Determination of the three-demensional structure of eastern Washington from the joint inversion of gravity and earthquake data, Systems Science and Software Report SSS-R-80-4516, La Jolla, 1981.
Rocker, S. W., The velocity structure of the Pamir-Hindu Kush region: Possible evidence of subducted crust, J. Geophys. Res., 87, 945-959, 1982
Roecker, S. W., Y. H. Yeh, Y, B. Tsai, Three-dimensional P and S wave velocity structures beneath Taiwan : deep structure beneath an arc-continent collision , J. Geophys. Res., 92, 10,547-10,570,1987
Sambridge, M. S., and B. L. N. Kennett, Boundary value ray tracing in a heterogeneous medium:a simple and versatile algorithm, Geophys. J. Int., 101, 157-168, 1990.
Sanders, C. O., S. C. Ponko, L. D. Nixon, and E. A. Schwartz, Seismological evidence for magmatic and hydrothermal structure in Long Valley Caldera from local earthquake attenuation and velocity tomography, J. Geophys. Res.,100, 8,311-8,326, 1995.
Shin, T. C., The calculation of local magnitude from the simulated Wood-Anderson seismograms of the short-period seismograms in the Taiwan area, Terr. Atmos. Oceanic Sci., 4, 155-170, 1993.
Sibuet, J. C., S. K. Hsu, and C. S. Liu, Okinawa trough back arc basin:early tectonic and magmatic evolution, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 30245-30267, 1998.
Spakman, W., and G. Nolet, Imaging algorithms, accuracy and resolution in delay time tomography, in Mathematical Geophysics, edited by N.J. Vlaar et al., pp. 155-187, D. Reidel, Norwell, Mass., 1988.
Spencer, C., and D. Gubbins, Travel-time inversion for simultaneous earthquake location and velocity structure determination in lateral varying medis, Geophys. J. R. Astron. Soc., 63, 95-116, 1980.
Suppe, J. and J. H. Wittke, Abnormal pore-fluid pressures in relation to stratigraphy and structure in the active fold-and thrust belt of northwestern Taiwan, Petroleum geology of Taiwan, No.14, 11-24, 1977
Suppe, J., Mechanics of montain building and metamorphism in Taiwan: Mem. Geol. Soc. China, 4, 67-89, 1981.
Tarkov, A. P., and V. V. Vavakin, Poisson’s ratio behaviour in various crystalline rocks:application to the study of the Earth’s interior, Phys. Earth Planet. Inter., 29, 24-29, 1982.
Teng, L. S., Geotectonic evolution of late Cenozoic arc-continent collision. Tectonophysics, 183, 57-76, 1990.
Thurber, C. H., Earth structure earthquake locations in the Coyote Lake area, central California, PH. D. thesis, Mass, Inst. Of Technol., Cambridge, 1981.
Thurber, C. H., Earthquake locations and three-dimensional crustal structure in the Coyote lake area, central California, J. Geophys. Res., 88, 8.226-8,236, 1983.
Thurber, C. H., Local earthquake tomography: Velocities and Vp/Vs-theory, in Seismic Tonography: Theory and Practice, edited by H. M. Iyer and K. Hirahara, pp. 563-583, Chapman and Hall, New York, 1993.
Thurber, C. H., and D. Eberhart-Phillips, Local earthquake tomography with flexible gridding, Computer and Geosciences 25, 809- 818, 1999.
Thurber, C. H., and K. Aki., Three-dimensional seismic imaging, Annu. Rev. Earth Planet Sci., 15,115-139, 1987.
Thurber, C. H., S. R. Atre, and D. Eberhart-Phillips, Vp/Vs variations along the Loma Prieta rupture zone, in U. S. Geol. Surv. Redbook Conference on the Seismotectonic Significance of the Loma Prieta Earthquake, Asilomar, California, 12-15 May 1991.
Thurber, C. H., and W. L. Ellsworth, Rapid solution of ray tracing problems in heterogeneous media, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 70, 1137-1148, 1980.
Toksoz, M. N. and P. Bird, Modeling of temperature in continental convergence zones, Tectonophysics, 41, 181-193.
Tsai, Y. B., Seismotectonics of Taiwan, Tectonphysics, 125, 17-37, 1986.
Um, J., and C. H. Thurber, A fast algorithm for two-point seismic,ray tracing, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 77, 972-986, 1987.
Vidale, J. E., Finite-difference calculation of traveltimes in three dimensions. Geophys., 55, 521-526, 1990.
Von Huene, R., W. Weinrebe, and F. Heeren, Subduction erosion along the north Chile margin, Geodynamics, 27, 345-358, 1999.
Walck, M. C., Three dimensional Vp/ Vs variations for the Coso Region, California, J. Geophysics. Res., 93, 2,047-2,052, 1988.
Wang, K. L., S. L. Chung, C. H. Chen, S. Ryuichi, T. F. Yang and C. H. Chen, Post-collisional magmatism around northern Taiwan and its relation with opening of the Okinawa Trough, Tectonophysics, 308, 363-376, 1999.
Wesson, R. L., Travel-time inversion for laterally inhomogeneous crustal velocity models, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 61, 729-746, 1971.
Wu, F. T., R. J. Rau, and David Salzberg, Taiwan orogency:thin-skinned or lithospheric collision?, Tectonophysics, 274,191-220,1997
Wu, H. and J. M. Lees, Three-dimensional P and S wave velocity structure s of the Coso geothermal areas, California, from microseismic travel time data, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 13,217-13,233, 1999.
Wyss, M. A. Hasegawa, and Nakajima J., Source and path of magma for volcanoes in the subduction zone of northeastern Japan, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 1,819-1,822, 2001.
Yeh, Y. H., C. H. Lin., and S. W. Roecker, A study of upper crustal structure beneath northeastern Taiwan: Possible evidence of thw western extension of Okinawa trough, Proc. Geol. Soc. China, 32, 139-156,1989.
Yeh, Y. H., and Y. B. Tasi, Crustal structure of central Taiwan from inversion of P wave arrival times, Bull. Inst. Earth Sci., Acad. Sin., 1, 83-102, 1981.
Yu, S.B., and Tsai, Y.B., Geomagnetic anomalies of the Ilan plain, Taiwan. Petrol. Geol. Taiwan, 18, p19-27, 1979.
Yu, S.B., and Tsai, Y.B., Thickness and P-wave velocity of the Miocene to Oligo-Eocene formation in northern Taiwan, Bull. Inst. Earth Sci.,Aca. Sinica, 1,103-110, 1981.
Zhao, D., A. Hasegawa, and S. Horiuchi, Tomographic imaging of P and S wave velocity structure beneath northeastern Japan, J. Geophys. Res., 97, 19,909-19,928, 1992.
Zhao, D., A. Hasegawa, and H. Kanamori, Deep structure of Japan subduction zone as derived from local, regional, and teleseismic events, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 22,313-22,329, 1994.
Zhao, D., and T. Mizuno, Crack density and saturation rate in the 1995 Kobe earthquake region, Geophys. Res. Lett., 21, 3,213-3,216, 1999.
Zhao, D., and K. Asamori, Seismic structure and magmatism of the young Kyushu subduction zone, Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 2,057-2,060, 2000.
何美儀, 台灣西部地區三維速度構造, 中央大學地球物理研究所碩士論文, 共108頁, 1994.
何春蓀, 台灣地體構造的演變-台灣地體構造說明書, 經濟部中央地質調查所出版, 共110頁, 1982.
何春蓀, 台灣地質概論-台灣地質圖說明書, 經濟部中央地質調查所出版, 共163頁, 1997.
江新春, 宜蘭平原之震測, 礦業技術第14卷, 第6期, 第215-221頁, 1976.
辛在勤、何美儀, 台灣西部地區三維速度構造, 氣象學報, 14, 216-234, 1994.
喬凌雲, 『二十世紀台灣地區地球科學研究之回顧與展望』系列研討會(四):台灣的地震與地震學研究, 87-104, 2000.
施行覺, 徐果明, 靳平, 盧振剛, 劉文忠, 岩石的含水飽和度對縱、橫波速及衰減影響的實驗研究, 地球物理學報, 1995, 38(1): 281-287.
施行覺, 夏以俊, 吳永鋼, 儲層條件下波速的變化規律及其影響因素的實驗研究, 地球物理學報, 1998, 41(2): 234-240.
黃建陽、梅亨利, 台灣北部金瓜石地區石英安山岩之岩石化學。中國地質學會會刊,第二十五號。
陳正宏編著, 台灣地質之一-台灣之火成岩, 經濟部中央地質調查所, 137頁, 1990.
陳燕玲, 台灣地區三維速度構造與隱沒構造之相關探討, 國立中央大學地球物理研究所碩士論, 共172頁, 1995.
蔡慶輝, 沖繩海槽南端的火山及熱液作用之初步研究, 國立台灣海洋大學應用地球物理研究所碩士論文, 共82頁, 1999.
鄭文彬, 台灣東部地殼P波速度構造及其在地體構造上之意義, 國立台灣大學海洋研究所博士論文, 共123頁, 1998.
魏稽生主編, 台灣地質之十三-台灣能源礦藏及地下水資源, 台灣經濟礦物第三卷, 經濟部中央地質調查所, 151頁, 1990.
指導教授 許樹坤(Shu-Kun Hsu) 審核日期 2001-7-18
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   
網路書籤 Google bookmarks   del.icio.us   hemidemi   myshare   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡  - 隱私權政策聲明