博碩士論文 88624002 詳細資訊


姓名 楊宗霖(Chung-Lin Yang )  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 應用地質研究所
論文名稱 有機質成熟度之染色技術應用
(An application of dyeing technique in organic maturation studies )
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摘要(中) 在生油岩評估中作為判斷成熟度參數之一的鏡煤素反射率,已經受到普遍地應用,然而由於生油岩中有機質之含量較煤為低,且有機質顆粒較小,造成鏡煤素反射率在量測上的困難。若能將生物染色的技術,應用在煤/生油岩的煤素質研究中,即可更快速且準確地判斷生油岩內煤素質材料之種類及成熟度。本研究先利用煤樣,以1:2鐵氰化鉀與氯化鐵為染劑,進行染色工作,藉由在油浸顯微鏡下觀察,染色前後煤樣中各煤素質顏色的變化情形,及染色前後,煤樣之鏡煤素反射率變化情形,對於染色技術中染色時間作評估後,再針對不同成熟度煤樣、油母質及煤頁岩三種材料的樣品,進行染色工作,以瞭解染劑對不同材料的樣品染色前後之煤素質顏色及鏡煤素反射率變化情形。
染色實驗建立中,染色時間以50分鐘最為合適,可將煤樣之煤素質區分開來,鏡煤素染色後顏色為亮黃色。染色技術在實際應用於不同樣品時,其染劑在不同成熟度之樣品上皆可染色,亦根據染色前後之煤素質的顏色變化,方便且快速地找出所要觀察的煤素質。配合樣品染色前後之鏡煤素反射率的平均值分佈之特性: (染色)= 0.94 (未染色)+ 0.26(%),可將染色技術應用於生油岩之成熟度的評估上,藉由染色技術來克服量測生油岩中鏡煤素反射率所遭遇的困難。
摘要(英) In order to identify macerals in a quick and easy way, a 2:1 FeCl3 and K3Fe(CN)6 mixing solution is applied as a dye for coal. After series of dyeing experiments, the standard dyeing procedures were established. Furthermore, the vitrinite reflectance data were measured after dyeing, then calibrated back to their original value, so as to estimate their maturity correctly. The experiment results indicate that 50 minutes is the most proper soaking time in dye.
The same dye was applied on coal , kerogen and coaly shale, respectively so as to evaluate the suitability of this technique in solving the problem of measuring maturity of source rocks. The results indicate that 1) the color of vitrinite turned to bright yellow after dyeing;2)the reflectance of vitrinite after and before dyeing can be expressed in the equation: (dyeing)= 0.94 (no-dyeing)+ 0.26(%);3)the dyeing technique can be applied on the source rocks.
關鍵字(中) ★ 有機質成熟度
★  染色技術
★  煤
關鍵字(英) ★ coal
★  dyeing technique
★  organic maturation
論文目次 論文提要………………………………………………………………..i
誌謝…………………………………………………………………….ii
目錄……………………………………………………………………iii
圖目…………………………………………………………………….v
表目…………………………………………………………………….vi
第一章緒言………………………………………………………...1頁
1.1研究動機與目的………………………………………………..1頁
1.2內文簡介………………………………………………………...4頁
第二章文獻回顧…………………………………………………...5頁
2.1煤及油母質……………………………………………………...5頁
2.1.1煤的分類………………………………………………….5頁
2.1.2油母質的分類…………………………………………….9頁
2.2鏡煤素反射率的應用………………………………………….15頁
2.3有機質的成熟度……………………………………………….15頁
2.4煤樣染色技術的介紹………………………………………….16頁
2.5結語…………………………………………………………….18頁
第三章實驗方法………………………………………………….20頁
3.1實驗方法的介紹……………………………………………….20頁
3.1.1樣品的選取……………………………………………...20頁
3.1.2煤樣製作與拋光………………………………………...20頁
3.1.2.1 煤樣製作………………………………………..20頁
3.1.2.2 粉煤餅之拋光方法……………………………..21頁
3.1.3油母質樣品製備流程…………………………………...22頁
3.1.4鏡煤素反射率之量測…………………………………...23頁
3.1.5染色實驗建立…………………………………………...25頁
3.2本研究之各實驗流程介紹…………………………………….26頁
3.2.1染色實驗建立…………………………………………...26頁
3.2.2不同成熟度煤樣染色實驗……………………………...27頁
3.2.3油母質染色實驗………………………………………...27頁
3.2.4煤頁岩染色實驗………………………………………...28頁
第四章實驗結果與討論……………………………………….....29頁
4.1染色時間的評估.……………………………………………....29頁
4.2煤樣、油母質及煤頁岩染色實驗…………………………….33頁
4.2.1樣品染色前後,煤素質之顏色變化情形…………….…….34頁
4.2.2樣品染色前後,鏡煤素反射率值之變化………….……….34頁
第五章結論與建議………………………………………….……44頁
5.1結論……………………….…………………………………....44頁
5.2建議…………………………………………………………….44頁
參考文獻…………………………………………………………...45頁
附錄一染色時間評估的鏡煤素反射率資料………….…….50頁
附錄二不同成熟度煤樣染色前後之鏡煤素反射率資料..…55頁
附錄三不同成熟度油母質染色前後之鏡煤素反射率資料..59頁
附錄四煤頁岩染色前後之鏡煤素反射率資料……………..66頁
圖版說明………………………………………………….….……67頁
英文摘要…………………………………………………….…….72頁
圖目
圖1.1上方為生油岩中鏡煤素的顆粒大小;下方為煤中鏡煤素的顆
粒大小……...…………….……….…………………………..2頁
圖1.2生油岩中有機質的含量……….………………….………....3頁
圖2.1油母質類型之Van Krevelen圖…...…………….………....13頁
圖4.1裕峰煤樣因浸染時間長短,造成染色前後其鏡煤素反射
率之變化………...…..…………………….…….…...……...31頁
圖4.2煤樣染色前後,鏡煤素反射率測值分佈圖………………32頁
圖4.3煤樣染色前(Ru)與染色後(Rd)之鏡煤素反射率關係圖.....39頁
圖4.4油母質前(Ru)與染色後(Rd)之鏡煤素反射率關係圖.……39頁
圖4.5為不同成熟度之油母質樣品與煤樣樣品之染色前(Ru)與染色
後(Rd)之鏡煤素反射率分佈特性...………………………..43頁
表目
表2.1 煙煤的巨觀煤岩分類表……………………………………..6頁
表2.2 煤素質群之分類表…………………………………………..7頁
表2.3 孢粉學之油母質分類……………...……………………….10頁
表2.4 煤岩學上分類及生油潛能………..………………………..11頁
表2.5 化學元素特性上的油母質分類表………...……………….12頁
表2.6 不同油母質分類類型對比表………………………………14頁
表2.7 不同染劑對不同煤級的煤進行染色之工作結果…...…….19頁
表4.1 煤樣染色前後鏡煤素反射率( %)結果;(1)、(2)、(3)、(4)、(5)為不同成熟度之裕峰煤染色時間分別為20分鐘、30分鐘、40分鐘、50分鐘、60分鐘……….………………………..31頁
表4.2 臺灣中新世石底層不同成熟度煤樣染色前後鏡煤素反射率
( %)的變化情形..………………………………………35頁
表4.3 不同成熟度油母質之染色前後鏡煤素反射率( %)的變化
情形……………………………………...………………….36頁
表4.4 煤頁岩(原岩)之染色前後鏡煤素反射率( %)及煤素質
百分比………………...………………………………….....37頁
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指導教授 蔡龍珆(Louis L. Tsai) 審核日期 2001-6-20

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