博碩士論文 89222004 詳細資訊




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姓名 連萱妮(Shiuan-Ni Liang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 物理學系
論文名稱 幾何代數下的旋量與重力場正能量
(Geometric Algebra: Spinors and the Positivity of Gravitational Energy)
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摘要(中) 有部份學者(其中有David Hestenes, DGL等)認為幾何代數 (GA, 亦稱為 Clifford代數)是一套強而有力, 可以解決所有數學和物理問題的工具. 這篇論文的目的在於測試幾何代數的極限.我們將GA應用在Nester-Witten重力場正能量的証明和QSL, 希望能藉由GA將式子簡化, 或從中得到更多新的成果.
摘要(英) Geometric Algebra (GA, also called Clifford Algebra) is a mathematical system and language introduced by two of the late 19th century’’s greatest mathematicians, Grassmann (1877) and
Clifford (1878). It was not given serious treatment and development at that time because of the introduction of another mathematical language, the vector algebra of Gibbs, which
people saw as a more generally applicable and a more straightforward algebra. Although some special cases were rediscovered over the years it was only much later in the mid-1960’’s, that an American physicist and mathematician, David
Hestenes, pioneered and promoted the general mathematical language. He claims that GA is no less than the universal language for physics and mathematics. Now, throughout the world,
there are an increasing number of research groups, especially the Cambridge research group (Doran, Gull and Lasenby (DGL)), applying
GA to many scientific problems.
In this thesis, we will first introduce the basic ideas of GA and some of its elementary applications developed by Hestenes and DGL
in chapter 2. We will illustrate the generality and portability of this powerful mathematical language when it is applied to quantum mechanics, relativity and electromagnetism. We will also
emphasize the development of GA on spinors and spacetime algebra (STA) which plays an important role in the application in the next two chapters.
Our main job is to apply the Gauge Theory Gravity (GTG, introduced by the Cambridge research group (DGL)) to two positive energy proofs: (i) the Nester-Witten Positive Energy Proof and (ii) Tung and Nester’’s Quadratic Spinor Lagrangian. It
is important to look into these proofs because from thermodynamics and stability, an essential fundamental theoretical requirement for isolated gravitating systems is that the energy of gravitating systems should be positive. Otherwise, systems could emit an unlimited amount of energy while decaying deeper into ever more
negative energy states. Meaning, gravity acts like a purely attractive force. Thus in chapter 3 we will re-express the Nester-Witten positive energy proof in terms of GA. This positive
energy proof was originally presented in tensor index form, then later re-expressed in terms of differential forms and also in Clifforms. GA is claimed to be a powerful and universal language
for physics and mathematics; our principle goal is to test it - by seeing if it works efficiently in this advanced application.
In chapter 4 we consider a second application: Tung and Nester’’s Quadratic Spinor Lagrangian (QSL). This alternative is fundamentally different from the above approach. The spinor field in this approach enters into the Lagrangian as a dynamic physical field. Again our main goal is to re-express the new Spinor Curvature Identity and the QSL in terms of GA. We hope these GA expressions not only will give simple and neat formulae but also provide new insight of the positive energy proofs.
Finally, we will draw our conclusion by comparing the relative efficiency between Clifforms and GA proof.
關鍵字(中) ★ 幾何
★ 代數
★ 重力
★ 重力場
★ 旋量
★ 正能量
★ 能量
關鍵字(英) ★ Spinor
★ Positivity
★ Positive
★ Gravitation
★ Gravity
★ Energy
★ Geometric
★ Algebra
論文目次 1. 論文封面
2. 國立中央大學碩博士論文授權書
3. 論文目錄
4. 論文摘要
5. 誌謝辭
6. 論文正文
7. 附錄
8. 參考文獻
參考文獻 1. http://modelingnts.la.asu.edu/GC_R&D.html.
2. D. Hestenes, "Space-Time Algebra", Gordon and Breach, New York (1966).
3. D. Hestenes and G. Sobczyk, "Clifford Algebra to Geometric Calculus", D. Reidel Publishing (1984).
4. D. Hestenes, "New Foundations for Classical Mechanics", Kluwe, Dordrecht (1990).
5. D. Hestenes, "Oersted Medal Lecture 2002 : Reforming the
Mathematical Language of Physics", (2002).
6. D. Hestenes, "Spacetime Physics with Geometric Algebra", (2002).
7. P. Lounesto, "Clifford Algebras and Spinors 2nd Ed.", Cambridge University Press (2001).
8. http://www.mrao.cam.ac.uk/~clifford/.
9. A. Lasenby and C. Doran, "A Lecture Course in Geometric Algebra"
10. C. Doran and A. Lasenby, "Physical Applications of Geometric Algebra".
11. A. Lasenby, C. Doran and S. Gull, "Gravity, Gauge Theories and Geometric Algebra", Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A, 356:487-582 (1999).
12. C. Doran, A. Lasenby, S. Gull, S. Somaroo and A. Challinor, "Spacetime Algebra and Electron Physics", In P. W. Hawkes, editor, "Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics", 95, page 271-386 (Academic Press) (1996).
13. A. Lasenby, C. Doran and S. Gull, "2-spinors, Twistors and Supersymmetry in the Spacetime Algebra", In Z. Oziewicz, A. Borowiec, and B. Jancewicz, editors, "Spinors, Twistors and Clifford Algebras", page 233. Kluwer (1993).
14. C. Doran, A. Lasenby and S. Gull, "States and Operators in the Spacetime Algebra", Found. Phys. 23, 1239, (1993).
15. E. Witten, Comm. Math. Phys. 80 (1981) 381.
16. J. M. Nester, "The Gravitational Hamiltonian", Springer Lect. Notes in Physics 202 (1984) 155.
17. J. M. Nester, "A New Gravitational Energy Expression with a Simple Positivity Proof", Phys. Lett. 83A, 6, (1981) 241-242.
18. C. M. Chen, J. M. Nester and R. S. Tung, "Spinor Formulations for Gravitational Energy-Momentum", arXiv: gr-qc/0209100 to appear in
the Proceeding of the 6th Conference on Clifford Algebras and
their Applications in Mathematical Physics (Cookeville, Tennessee,
20-25 May, 2002).
19. J. M. Nester and R. S. Tung, "A Quadratic Spinor Lagrangian for General Relativity", General Rel. Grav. 27 (1995) 115.
20. J. M. Nester, R. S. Tung and V. V. Zhytnikov, "Some Spinor Curvature Identities", Class. Quat. Grav. 11 (1994) 983.
21. A. Dimakis and F. Muller-Hoissen, "Clifform calculus with applications to classical field theories", Class. Quant. Grav. 8 (1991) 2093.
22. C. W. Misner, K. S. Thorne and J. A. Wheeler, "Gravitation", Freeman San Franscesco (1973).
23. J. Y. Lin, "Application of geometric algebra to gravity
theory", M. Sc. thesis, National Central University (1997).
24. Y. K. Lin, "Geometric Algebra and Differential Forms: Translation and Gravitational Application", M. Sc. thesis, National Central University (2003).
指導教授 聶斯特(James M. Nester) 審核日期 2003-1-19
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