博碩士論文 89323032 詳細資訊




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姓名 魏百盛(Pai-Sheng Wei)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 機械工程學系
論文名稱 純鈦陽極處理技術之研發
(The Anodization of Commercial Purity Titanium)
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摘要(中) 摘要
本研究主要是以商業性純鈦做為陽極處理實驗材料,以材料的晶粒度大小差異與兩家廠商提供的材料區分為四種材料。選用六種不同的前表面處理方式與兩種不同的陽極處理電解質溶液。利用材料的晶粒度差異與兩家廠商提供的材料探討不同的材料對於陽極處理後顏色的影響;針對六種不同的表面前處理探討表面處理對於陽極處理後顏色的影響,以及不同的前表面處理是否也會影響陽極處理後顏色和色差的變化。利用硫酸及磷酸兩種電解質溶液探討陽極處理在不同濃度的酸液以及不同的種類的酸液,試片顏色及色差的變化。
最後實驗結果顯示:
●試片陽極處理前的表面顏色與粗糙度會影響陽極處理
後的顏色。
●當試片陽極處理前的表面性質相同時,陽極氧化膜的
厚度便成為控制顏色的主要因素。
●不同的表面處理對於顏色的變化也有明顯的影響。
●硫酸溶液中產生的氧化膜比磷酸溶液中所產生的氧化
膜較為厚。但是在硫酸溶液比在磷酸溶液中陽極產生
的膜表面較不均勻。
摘要(英) The work covered the anodizing titanium in two kinds of acid solutions at different voltages. Effects of materials and surface pre-treatment on the quality of anoding treatment were discussed. Relations between the colors and electrochemical parameters, including different kinds of electrolyte, different concentration of electrolytes, were studied in this paper.
Different colors produced from various voltages depended on the thickness of the coated films. Relation between surface condition and anodizing colors were investigated. The original color and roughness of substrate were also used as reference for comparison.
There are six surface pre-treatments and four kinds of materials were conducted in this study. The experimented results show that:
1. The surface conditions of base matel
before anodizing and the thickness of
coated film both determine the color of
anodization of titanium.
2. The different surface conditions affect
the color of anodizing titanium
apparently.
3. The differences between two kinds of
electrolyte for anodizing results are
only related by the thickness of coated
film and surface condition.
關鍵字(中) ★ 陽極處理
★ 商業性純鈦
★ 表面處理
★ 二氧化鈦氧化膜
關鍵字(英) ★ Anodizing
★ colors of titanium
★ Titanium
論文目次 目錄
摘要-------------------------------------------------------------------I
Abatract---------------------------------------------------------------Ⅱ
總目錄-----------------------------------------------------------------Ⅲ
The list of Table------------------------------------------------------Ⅴ
The list of Figure-----------------------------------------------------Ⅶ
第一章 前言----------------------------------------------------------1
第二章 文獻回顧------------------------------------------------------2
2-1 材料簡介----------------------------------------------------2
2-1.1 鈦合金材料簡介----------------------------------------2
2-1.2 鈦合金的分類------------------------------------------4
2-1.3 合金元素對鈦合金的影響--------------------------------6
2-2 電化學理論-------------------------------------------------8
2-2.1 可逆化學反應系統--------------------------------------8
2-2.2 不可逆電化學系統--------------------------------------9
2-2.3 活性極化---------------------------------------------10
2-2.4 濃度極化---------------------------------------------10
2-2.5 鈍化-------------------------------------------------11
2-2.6 膜的型態與結構---------------------------------------12
2-2.7 顏色-------------------------------------------------13
2-2.8 電化學參數-------------------------------------------14
2-2.9 電解拋光---------------------------------------------15
2-2.10 陽極處理---------------------------------------------18
第三章 實驗方法與步驟--------------------------------------------21
3-1 實驗材料--------------------------------------------------21
3-2 實驗試片之規格與準備--------------------------------------21
3-2.1 試片陽極前的處理-------------------------------------21
3-3 實驗儀器--------------------------------------------------22
3-4 實驗步驟--------------------------------------------------24
3-5 實驗參數--------------------------------------------------24
第四章 結果與討論------------------------------------------------26
4-1 鈦合金鈑材的微結構特徵與比較------------------------------26
4-2 不同的材料陽極處理後的顏色--------------------------------26
4-2.1 試片經一號表面處理結果-------------------------------26
4-2.2 顏色差異性的探討-------------------------------------28
4-2.2.1 試片經四號表面處理結果-----------------------------29
4-2.3 電化學拋光處理---------------------------------------30
4-3 表面處理對於陽極處理的影響--------------------------------30
4-3.1 試片經二號及三號表面處理結果-------------------------30
4-3.2 試片顏色結果比較-------------------------------------32
4-4 電解質溶液對陽極處理顏色的影響----------------------------33
4-4.1 不同電解質溶液陽極顏色結果---------------------------33
4-4.2 不同電解質溶液陽極膜厚的比較-------------------------34
4-4.3 膜厚與電壓關係---------------------------------------34
4-4.4 不同電解質溶液陽極皮膜表面比較-----------------------35
4-5 試片面積差異對顏色的影響----------------------------------35
4-6 陽極電壓與電流變化過程-----------------------------------36
第五章 結論------------------------------------------------------38
參考文獻--------------------------------------------------------------39
參考文獻 參考文獻
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指導教授 施登士(Teng-Shih Shih) 審核日期 2002-7-16
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