博碩士論文 89521078 詳細資訊




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姓名 江坤信(Kun-Hsin Chiang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 電機工程學系
論文名稱 感應馬達之直接轉矩控制之低轉速驅動補償策略
(Low Speed Compensation Strategies for Direct Torque Control of Induction motor Drives)
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摘要(中) 本論文主要針對感應馬達在中低轉速下以直接轉矩控制方法於中轉速下之控制性能探討與電磁轉矩不足之改善。
直接轉矩控制方法之優點在於,不需經由複雜的數學作解耦合的動作。因此,其架構簡單與且易於實現的優點,非常適用於轉矩響應快速之場合;此外,控制計算過程中,亦只需參數中的定子電阻,使得系統受溫升效應的影響大幅減少,進而提升其強健性。
傳統直接轉矩控制方法中,雖只需定子電阻作為估算之參數,但由於馬達經長時間運轉或加載運轉而造成溫度上升,此時內部參數也會因溫升效應的關係而有所改變,產生參數的漂移或內部的磁飽和現象,使得馬達參數不再維持定值,進而導致定子磁通向量於空間位置之估測產生誤差,而選擇不正確的電壓控制向量,無法建立有效的轉矩,而產生轉矩不足之現象。
因此,本論文針對傳統直接轉矩控制方法於低轉速時,因定子電阻所導致磁通估算的問題,採用以低通濾波器回授路徑上,改善磁通估算的精確度,進而改善馬達於低速運轉時之電壓切換策略。
論文中所進行的研究,經由MATLAB作為模擬之根據,並以硬體實際測試結果作為驗證,以佐證出直接轉矩之感應馬達驅動系統,適用於低轉速直接驅動之場所,藉以改善傳統感應馬達驅動器低轉速扭力不足之缺點。
此外,對於傳統比例積分速度控制器所存在的缺點,如:積分飽和的現象與控制器輸出增益飽和的情形,實現一新型可變結構-比例積分速度控制器,以有效改善因飽和現象,所造成速度響應的影響。
摘要(英) The thesis presents a new direct torque control (DTC) structure to improve the drawbacks of the conventional DTC in high-performance ac induction motor drivers which operate during the low speed range. The proposed algorithms include: the enhance of the stator flux estimation, Fuzzy flux and flux angle compensation controller and implement a VSPI speed controller which can solve the problems associate with the conventional DTC scheme effectively. The performance of the system is investigated and verified experimentally.
關鍵字(中) ★ 直接轉矩控制
★ 模糊控制器
★ 可變結構比例積分速度控制器
關鍵字(英) ★ Direct Torque Control
★ Fuzzy Controller
★ VSPI Speed Controller
論文目次 摘要……………………………………………………………………..Ⅰ
目錄……………………………………………………………………..Ⅱ
圖目錄…………………………………………………………………..Ⅳ
表目錄…………………………………………………………………..Ⅷ
符號列表………………………………………………………………..Ⅸ
第一章 緒論
1.1研究動機與目的………………………………………………...1
1.2 內容大綱……………………………………………………….3
第二章 感應馬達之動態模型分析
2.1 三相感應馬達控制原理……………………………………….5
2.2 空間向量調變………………………………………………….6
2.3 感應馬達之動態數學模型
2.3.1 座標轉換理論…………………………………………11
2.3.2 感應馬達之數學模式…………………………………15
2.4 感應馬達之動態特性分析
2.4.1電磁轉矩與磁通命令的選擇…………………………..18
第三章 數位信號處理之驅動器設計之介紹
3.1 前言………………..………………………………………….20
3.2 數位訊號處理器單元………………………………………...23
3.3 速度回授單元………………………………………………...26
3.4 光耦合隔離與半橋驅動電路………………………………...28
3.5 切換開關與緩衝電路………………………………………...31
3.6 電流、電壓感測電路………………………………………...33
第四章 直接轉矩控制法之速度控制
4.1 直接轉矩控制法……………………………………………...37
4.2 磁通之控制…………………………………………………...40
4.3 轉矩之控制…………………………………………………...42
4.4 切換向量表之選擇策略……………………………………...43
4.5 軟體流程圖…………………………………………………...45
4.6 傳統直接轉矩之模擬與實驗結果…………………………...46
4.7 結論與討論…………………………………………………...60
第五章 新型直接轉矩控制之速度控制
5.1 前言……………………………………………………...……61
5.2 磁通估算之改善……………………………………………...63
5.3 模糊磁通角與磁通補償控制器之設計……………………...66
5.3.1 低轉速磁通角補償之設計……………………………67
5.3.2 磁通模糊控制器之設計………………………………70
5.4 反積分終結之速度控制器…………………………………...77
5.5模擬與實驗結果………………………………………………81
5.6結論與討論…………………………………………………..105
第六章 結論與建議…………………………………………………..106
參考文獻………………………………………………………………107
附錄A ..……………………………………………………………….115
作者簡歷………………………………………………………………116
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指導教授 徐國鎧(K.K. Shyu) 審核日期 2002-7-5
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