博碩士論文 89622014 詳細資訊


姓名 柯文凱(Wen-Kai Ke)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 地球物理研究所
論文名稱 透地雷達於剛性鋪面檢測之應用
(A study of concrete pavements by using GPR)
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摘要(中) 本研究目標為以透地雷達分析剛性鋪面厚度及鑑別鋪面內部之鋼筋,並探討以三維顯像方式應用於鋪面檢測之可行性。
由於傳統以人工施測之方式費時又費工。因此改以電動代步車和汽車來進行測試,並與人工施測結果比對,在不影響精度要求下求得較好的施測方式。並在南二高名間、善化、白河及古坑四個收費站區及台南航空站跑道,進行實地施測,以驗證車載透地雷達在剛性鋪面施測的效果。
摘要(英) This study is aimed at using Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) to analyze concrete pavement structure and map the rabars under pavements. Using a three-dimensional (3-D) GPR presentation to map the pavements is also included.
Due to manipulate GPR system takes time and increases costs, mounting GPR on power-steering wheelchair and/or automobile makes the survey quick and easy.
Testing surveys were carried out at four toll stations, namely Ming-jian, Shann-huah, Bair-her and Guu-keng respectively, along the Secondary Southern Freeway and runway in Tainan airport. The thickness and variability of the pavement layer can be mapped.
關鍵字(中) ★ 透地雷達
★ 剛性鋪面
關鍵字(英) ★ GPR
★ concrete pavement
論文目次 論文提要 i
目錄 ii
圖目 v
表目 xi
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究目的與動機 1
1.2 文獻回顧 2
1.3 本文內容 2
第二章 透地雷達基本原理 4
2.1 電磁波特性及地層電性 4
2.1.1 電磁波特性 4
2.2 介質電性 6
2.2.1 傳導電流 6
2.2..2 位移電流 6
2.3 低損秏介質中之電磁波特性 7
2.3.1 頻率與速度關係 8
2.3.2 頻率與衰減常數的關係 9
2.3.3 電磁波的解析能力與穿透能力 10
2.3.4 反射係數 13
2.4 地層之速度分析方式 15
第三章 透地雷達施測方法 20
3.1 儀器選擇 20
3.2 野外探測 25
3.2.1 野外施測方式 25
3.2.2 測線配置 28
3.2.3 野外施測參數 30
3.3 資料處理 38
第四章 車載透地雷達測試 41
4.1 電動代步車測試 42
4.1.1 中大應地所走廊 42
4.1.2 古坑收費站區 45
4.2 汽車車載測試 51
4.2.1 善化收費站區 51
4.2.2 白河收費站區 56
第五章 剛性鋪面之研究與成果 58
5.1 名間收費站區 59
5.2 善化收費站區 67
5.3 白河收費站區 76
5.4 古坑收費站區 90
5.5 台南航空站 105
第六章 結論 111
參考文獻 113
英文摘要 117
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指導教授 楊潔豪(Chieh-Hou Yang) 審核日期 2002-5-23

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