博碩士論文 89624009 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:20 、訪客IP:54.145.38.157
姓名 林柏伸(Po-Shen Lin)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 應用地質研究所
論文名稱 台灣東北部地區隱沒帶地震強地動衰減式之研究
(Strong Ground-Motion Attenuation Relationship for Subduction Zone Earthquakes in Northeast Taiwan)
相關論文
★ 台灣中部德基至梨山地區岩石劈理位態分布特性之研究★ 台北盆地松山層土壤性質之空間分析
★ 新店溪之地形研究★ 運用類神經網路進行隧道岩體分類
★ 大肚溪流域河階地形研究★ 台南台地暨鄰近地區之台南層及其構造運動
★ 運用類神經網路進行地震誘發山崩之潛感分析★ 地形地質均質區劃分與山崩因子探討
★ 由世界應力量測資料探討不同地體構造區的應力特性★ 921集集地震造成之地表變形模式
★ 運用模糊類神經網路進行山崩潛感分析—以台灣中部國姓地區為例★ 運用判別分析進行山崩潛感分析之研究 – 以臺灣中部國姓地區為例
★ 運用羅吉斯迴歸法進行山崩潛感分析-以臺灣中部國姓地區為例★ 台灣西南平原末次冰期以來之地層及構造運動
★ 利用近年大規模地震的強震資料修正Newmark經驗式★ 土石流潛感分析-以石門水庫集水區為例
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   [檢視]  [下載]
  1. 本電子論文使用權限為同意立即開放。
  2. 已達開放權限電子全文僅授權使用者為學術研究之目的,進行個人非營利性質之檢索、閱讀、列印。
  3. 請遵守中華民國著作權法之相關規定,切勿任意重製、散佈、改作、轉貼、播送,以免觸法。

摘要(中) 近期國外的研究指出,隱沒帶地震與淺部地殼地震的強地動衰減情況頗不相同,而強地動衰減式是進行地震危害度分析時必要的,且對結果極為敏感的一項數學式,故須針對台灣的隱沒帶地震進行研究。一個合適的衰減式不僅可以瞭解一地區的強地動衰減特性,並可以用來預估特定工址的強地動值,提供工程耐震設計之用。本研究使用中央氣象局自由場強地動觀測網計畫(TSMIP)及中央研究院地球科學研究所SMART1陣列所蒐集之台灣東北部地區隱沒帶板塊介面型及板塊內部型地震的強震資料,來建立最大加速度及反應譜加速度衰減式。考慮台灣東北部地區的隱沒帶地震缺少大規模、近場及遠場資料,因此本研究又選取部分國外大規模近場及遠場隱沒帶地震資料合併做強地動衰減式之迴歸分析。分析過程中,將板塊介面型地震與板塊內部型地震及堅硬地盤與軟弱地盤的強地動衰減式分開考慮,並採用了震矩規模及震源距離來進行迴歸分析。衰減模式採用Crouse (1991)所提出之隱沒帶地震地動衰減模式,迴歸技巧採用區塊登山法來搜尋誤差平方和達最小值時之各項參數。分別獲得能代表兩類地盤及兩型震源的最大水平加速度與反應譜加速度衰減式。此衰減式所推估之強地動值較過去淺地殼地震地動衰減式為高,但仍然略低於國外隱沒帶地震強地動衰減式的推估值。
摘要(英) Recent study revealed that the attenuation of strong ground-motion is different between subduction zone earthquakes and shallow crustal earthquakes. A strong ground-motion attenuation equation is essential and influential for seismic hazard analysis. Therefore, we need to study the strong ground-motion attenuation relationship for subduction zone earthquakes in Taiwan. A suitable attenuation equation can express the characteristics of the strong ground-motion attenuation for a region, and can be used to predict the ground-motion value of a specific site for seismic resistance design.
In this study, strong ground-motion data of subduction zone both interface and intraslab earthquakes from TSMIP and SMART1 array in northeastern Taiwan were used to establish PGA and SA attenuation equation. Considering the lack of higher magnitude, near field, and far field data of the subduction zone earthquakes in northeastern Taiwan, some globle subduction zone earthquake data were included for regression analysis of the attenuation equation.
In the process of regression, strong ground-motion attenuation equations for interface, intraslab earthquakes were analysed, so as rock site and soil site. Moment magnitude and hypocentral distance were used in developing the attenuation equation. The attenuation form for subduction zone earthquakes proposed by Crouse (Crouse, 1991) was adopted in the analysis. Block hill-climbing algorithm were used to search the coefficient of the attenuation form that minimize the sum of squares of deviations. The resultant PGA and SA attenuation equations include two site class types and two earthquake source types. The ground-motion value predicted by this attenuation equation is higher than crustal earthquakes attenuation equation which usually used in Taiwan, but is lower than that predicted by the equation for worldwide subduction zone earthquakes.
關鍵字(中) ★ 加速度反應譜
★ 隱沒帶地震
★ 強震地動
★ 最大地表加速度
★ 衰減模式
關鍵字(英) ★ subduction zone earthquakes
★ strong ground motion
★ Attenuation Relation
★ Peak Ground Acceleration
★ Spectral Acceleration
論文目次 目 錄
中文摘要 Ⅰ
英文摘要 Ⅱ
誌謝 Ⅲ
目錄 Ⅳ
圖目 Ⅶ
表目 Ⅸ
第一章 緒論...............................1
1.1 研究動機與目的 ........................1
1.2 文獻回顧..............................2
1.2.1國外相關研究.........................2
1.2.2國內相關研究.........................4
1.2.3綜合回顧.............................7
1.3 研究內容與步驟 ........................9
第二章 研究區域背景資料..................11
2.1 地體構造簡介.........................11
2.2 台灣北部隱沒帶構造...................14
第三章 資料處理..........................17
3.1 隱沒帶地震的分類.....................17
3.2 ML及MW規模轉換關係...................17
3.3 強震資料選取.........................21
3.4 測站地盤分類.........................30
第四章 衰減模式及分析方法................40
4.1 衰減模式.............................40
4.2 反應譜分析...........................42
4.3 迴歸分析方法.........................43
第五章 台灣北部隱沒帶衰減模式............47
5.1 迴歸分析結果.........................47
5.1.1分析過程............................47
5.1.2使用台灣地區隱沒帶地震資料分析結果..47
5.1.3使用台灣地區隱沒帶地震資料及國外大規模隱沒帶地震資料分析結果.........................47
5.2 迴歸誤差σlny.........................57
5.3 與其他相關研究結果之比較.............57
5.3.1 與國內淺地殼地震地動衰減式比較.....57
5.3.2 與國外隱沒帶地震地動衰減式比較.....59
5.4 小結.................................62
第六章 討論..............................63
6.1 規模轉換.............................63
6.2 震源深度H的效應......................63
6.3 σ與規模之間的關係....................64
6.4 登山搜尋法的缺點與改進...............64
6.5 反應譜的特性.........................66
6.6 資料相關問題.........................70
第七章 結論與建議........................75
7.1結論..................................75
7.2建議..................................75
參考文獻.................................77
附錄A 台灣東北部隱沒帶地震水平向加速度反應譜衰減式之資料誤差分布圖.........................81
附錄B 台灣東北部隱沒帶地震水平向加速度反應譜迴歸分析殘差值與地震規模關係圖.................90
附錄C 台灣東北部隱沒帶地震水平向加速度反應譜迴歸分析殘差值與震源距離關係圖.................99
附錄D 台灣東北部隱沒帶地震堅硬地盤水平向最大加速度與各週期反應譜衰減公式與實際資料配適圖...108
附錄E 台灣東北部隱沒帶地震軟弱地盤水平向最大加速度與各週期反應譜衰減公式與實際資料配適圖...122
參考文獻 參考文獻
Abrahamson, N. A. and K. M. Shedlock, 1997, Overview, Seism. Res. Lett. 68,   1, 9-23.
Anderson, J. G., Y. Lee, Y. Zeng, and S. Day (1996). Control of strong motion by the upper 30 meters, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am. 86, 1749-1759.
Barazangi M. and B. Isacks (1971). Lateral Variations of Seismic-Wave Attenuation in the Upper Mantle above the Inclined Earthquake Zone of the Tonga Island Arc; Deep Anomaly in the Upper Mantle, J. Geophys. Res., 76, 8493-8516.
Boore, D. M., W. B. Joyner, and T. E. Fumal (1993). Estimation of response spectra and peak accelerations from Western North American earthquakes: an interim report, U.S. Geol. Surv. Open-File Rept. 93-509
Borcherdt, R. D. (1994a). Estimates of site-dependent response spectra for design (methodology and justification), Earthquake Spectra 10, 617-653.
Borcherdt, R. D. (1994b). An integrated methodology for estimates of site-dependent response spectra, seismic coefficients for site dependent building code provisions, and predictive GIS maps of strong ground shaking, Proceedings of Seminar on New Developments in Earthquake Ground Motion Estimation and Implications for Engineering Design Practice, Applied Technology Council ATC 35-1, 10-1~10-44.
Building Seismic Safety Council (BSSC) (1998). 1997 Edition NEHRP Recommended Provisions for Seismic Regulations for New Buildings and Other Structures, FEMA 302/303, Part 1 (Provisions) and Part 2 (Commentary), developed for the Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, DC., 337 pp.
Byrne, D. E., D. M. Davis, and L. R. Syker (1988). Loci maximum size of thrust earthquakes and maximum size of thrust earthquakes and the mechanics of the shallow region of subduction zones, Tectonics, 7, 833-857.
Campbell, K. W. (1981). Near-source attenuation of peak horizontal acceleration, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am. 71, 2039-2070.
Campbell, K. W. (1997). Empirical near-source attenuation relationships for horizontal and vertical components of peak ground acceleration, peak ground velocity, and pseudo-absolute acceleration response spectra, Seism. Res. Lett. 68, 1, 154-179
Castro, R. R., M. Mucciarelli, F. Pacor, and C. Petrungaro (1997). S-wave site-response estimates using horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratios, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am. 87, 256-260.
Chang, T. Y., F. Cotton, and J. Angelier (2001). Seismic Attenuation and Peak Ground Acceleration in Taiwan, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 91, 1229-1246.
Chiu, H. C. and S. D. Ni (1993). The attenuation of peak ground acceleration, Syposium on Taiwan Strong Motion Instrumention Program, 60-66.
Chopra, A. K. (1980). Dyamics of structure: A primer: Earthquake Engineerung Reasearch Insititute, Berkeley, California.
Crouse, C. B. (1991). Ground-motion attenuation equation for earthquake on Cascadia subduction-zone earthquake, Earthquake Spectra, 7, 210-236.
Fukushima, Y. and T. Tanaka (1990). A new attenuation relation for peak horizontal acceleration of strong earthquake ground motion in Japan, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am. , 80, 757-783.
Hanks, T. C., and H. Kanamori (1979). A moment magnitude scale, J. Geophys. Res., 84, 2348-2350.
Heaton, T. and F. Tajima and A. W. Mori, (1986). Estimating ground motions using recorded accelerograms. Surveys in Geophysics, 8, 25-83.
Joyner, W. B. and D. M. Boore (1981). Peak horizontal acceleration and velocity from strong-motion records including records from the 1979 imperial valley, California, earthquake, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am. 71, 2011-2038.
Joyner, W. B. and T. E. Fumal (1985). Predictive mapping of earthquake ground motion, in Evaluating Earthquake Hazards in the Los Angeles Region – An Earth-Science Perspective, J. E. Ziony (Editor), U.S. Geol. Surv. Profess. Pap. 1360, 203-220.
Kanai, K., K. Hisrano, S. Yoshizawa and T. Asada (1966). Observation of strong earthquake motion in Matsushiro area, Part 1, Bull. Earthq. Res. Inst., Univ. of Tokyo. 44, 1269-1296 (In Japanese).
Kao, H., S. J. Shen, and K.-F. Ma, 1998. Transition from oblique subduction to collision: earthquakes in the southernmost Ryukyu arc-Taiwan region. J. Geophys. Res. 103, 7211-7229.
Lee, C. T., C. T. Cheng, C. W. Liao, and Y. B. Tsai (2001). Site Classification of Taiwan Free-field Strong-Motion Stations, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 91, 1283-1297.
Liu, K. S., T. C. Shin, and Y. B. Tsai (1999). A free field strong motion network in Taiwan: TSMIP, TAO 10, 377-396.
Mohraz, B. (1976). A study of earthquake response spectra for different geological conditions, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am. 66, 915-935.
Molas, G.. L. and F. Yamazaki (1995). Attenuation of earthquake ground motion in Japan including deep focus event, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 85, 1343-1358.
Park, S. and S. Elrick (1998). Predictions of shear-wave velocities in southern California using surface geology, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am. 88, 677-685.
Rau, R.-J., and F. T. Wu (1995). Tomographic imaging of lithospheric structures under Taiwan, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 133, 517-532.
Richter, C. F. (1958). Elementary seismology, W. H. Freeman co., San Francisco, California.
Sadigh, K., C. Y. Chang, J. A. Egan, F. Makdisi, and R. R. Youngs (1997). Attenuation relationships for shallow crustal earthquakes based on california strong motion data, Seism. Res. Lett. 68, 1, 180-189.
Seed, H. B., C. Ugas, and J. Lysmer (1976). Site-dependent spectra for earthquake-resistant design, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 66, 221-243.
Seno T., S. Stein, and A. E. Gripp (1993). A model for the motion of the Philippine Sea Plate consistent with NUVEL-1 and geological data, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 17, 941-948.
Tichelaar B. W. and L.J. Ruff (1993). Depth of seismic coupling along subduction zones, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 2017-2037.
Toro, G. R., N. A. Abrahamson, and J. F. Schneider (1997). Model of strong ground motions from earthquakes in central and eastern north america: best estimates and uncertainties, Seism. Res. Lett. 68, 1, 41-57.
Tsai, C. C. P. (1998). Ground motion modeling in the near-source regime: A barrier model, TAO, 9, 1, 15-30.
Tsai, C. C., C. H. Loh and Y. T. Yeh (1987). Analysis of earthquake risk in Taiwan based on seismotectonic zones, Memor. of Geol. Soc. of China, 9, 413-446.
Tsai, Y. B. and B. A. Bolt (1983). An analysis of horizontal peak ground acceleration and velocity from SMART 1 array data, Bull. Inst. Earth Sciences, Academic Sinica, 3, 105-126.
Wu, Y. M., T. C. Shin, and C. H. Chang (2001). Near Real-Time Mapping of Peak Ground Acceleration and Peak Ground Velocity Following a Strong Earthquake, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 91, 5, 1218-1228.
Youngs, R. R., N.A. Abrahamson, F. Makdisi, and K. Sadigh (1995). Magnitude dependent dispersion in peak ground acceleration, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 85, 1161-1176.
Youngs, R. R., S.-J. Chiou, W. J. Silva, and J.R. Humphrey (1997). Strong Ground Motion Attenuation Relationships for Subduction Zone Earthquakes, Seism. Res. Lett. 68, 1, 58-73.
李錫堤、馬國鳳、秦葆珩,1999,美濃水庫設計地震評估成果報告,台灣省政府水利處,第4-1~4-25頁。
沈聖書,1996,由波形逆推地震震源機制解探討台灣東北外海隱沒與碰撞構造之特性,國立中央大學地球物理研究所碩士論文,共177頁。
辛在勤,1998,台灣地區地震預警之初探訪,氣象學報42卷2期 第118-134頁。
洪李陵、許明德,1993,隨機域應用於地震危害度分析之研究,行政院國家科學委員會防災科技研究報告82-12號,共91頁。
茅聲燾,1978,地震之工程危害度研究及其應用。中國土木水利學刊,第五卷第一期,第35-40頁。
倪顯德、邱宏智,1991,台灣地區強地動最大加速度值衰減之統計模型探討,第三屆台灣地區地球物理研討會論文集,第95-105頁。
郭鎧紋,1992,台北都會區強地動觀測網之地質特性,中央氣象局研究報告第CW81-1A-10號。
郭鎧紋,1993,中央氣象局強地動觀測網之地質特性研究(二)-桃、竹、苗地區,中央氣象局研究報告第CW82-1A-11號。
郭鎧紋,1994,中央氣象局強地動觀測網之地質特性研究(三)-嘉南地區,中央氣象局研究報告第CW83-1A-12號。
陳子鍠,1991,台灣地區最大加速度衰減之研究,國立中央大學地球物理研究所碩士論文,共72頁。
陳燕玲,1995,台灣地區三維速度構造與隱沒構造之相關探討,國立中央大學地球物理研究所碩士論文,共172 頁。
黃正耀,1995,台灣地區強地動特性及地震危害度參數之評估,國立中央大學地球物理研究所碩士論文,共110頁。
黃國欽、高弘、吳逸民,2000,台灣地區地震規模ML與MW之轉換關係,第八屆台灣地區地球物理研討會論文集,第193-201頁。
劉坤松,1999。台灣地區強震地動衰減模式之研究,國立中央大學博士論文,共239頁。
劉坤松、吳健富、吳坤瑞,1996,台灣東北部地區地動加速度衰減模式之初步研究,台灣地區強地動觀測計畫研討會(二)論文摘要,第63-72頁。
蔡義本、溫國樑,1999,八十七年度防災國家型科技計畫,整合性專案研究報告-台灣地震目錄的統整與強地動衰減模式的發展,行政院國家科學委員會,共79頁。
羅俊雄,1996,強地動特性及耐震評估有關之參數,電信與運輸系統之耐震安全評估與補強準則,第2-3頁。
指導教授 李錫堤(Chyi-Tyi Lee) 審核日期 2002-7-18
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   
網路書籤 Google bookmarks   del.icio.us   hemidemi   myshare   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡  - 隱私權政策聲明