博碩士論文 90144001 詳細資訊




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姓名 陳文珊(Wen-san Chen)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 哲學研究所
論文名稱 論胚胎是否具有生命權
(Whether Human Embryos Have the Right to Life?)
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摘要(中) 隨著人工生殖科技乃至於胚胎幹細胞等科學研究的日新月益,有關於胚胎之道德地位的討論,及其伴隨而來的相關倫理爭議,也逐漸白熱化。本論文藉由文獻研究及辨證之哲學方法,集中討論其中一主要論題,即胚胎是否是位格人,從而具有不容任意侵犯之生命權等道德與法律權益。在一方面檢視目前有關於胚胎位格人地位之支持與反對的論述,另一方面分析胚胎生物學之科學文獻中所使用的概念,及其倫理的相關性,本論文指出,「胚胎是位格人」的主張並非字面表達,而是隱喻,非僅如此,有關於胚胎的論述絕大多數更係由隱喻所構成,因而有必要從隱喻道德的進路,來釐清生命初始階段所涉及的變與不變,表現型的生成變化,與基因型的一致,究竟該如何加以隱喻地理解。此一研究典範的改弦異轍,從原則主義到隱喻道德,至少證明了一件事,那就是胚胎雖具有某些道德價值,得立法加以保障,卻不是位格人,不具有如同成人般嚴格意義的生命權。
摘要(英) With the rapid growth of new technologies in IVF and the embryonic stem cell research, the debate of the moral status of the early life has been brought into the forth front. This paper is going to focus on one of the vital issues, i.e. whether the embryo is a person with the right to life in terms of morality and law. After a detail survey and clarification of the pro and con of the crucial concepts, so called ‘the personhood of the embryo’, as well as ‘the right to life of the embryo’, and the related moral implications and reasons for or against them in both bioethical and scientific literature, this paper argues that these concepts and other discourse constituents of them are by no means literal but metaphorical ones. Therefore, it is in need to shift our ethical paradigm from the ethical principlism to the metaphorical morality, in order to know how can and should we metaphorically conceptualize and understand the changing phenotype and unchangeable genotype of the early stage of the human life. At last, this paper concludes with one statement, that is, although the embryo is with some moral significance, allowable to grant some protection and respect by the regulations of law in terms of specific contexts and needs, it is not a person, nor with right to life in a strict sense.
關鍵字(中) ★ 胚胎實驗
★ 人工生殖技術
★ 隱喻
★ 胚胎
★ 生命權
★ 人格
★ 墮胎
關鍵字(英) ★ IVF
★ metaphor
★ right to life
★ embryo
★ personhood
★ abortion
★ embryo experiment
論文目次 中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 2
第二節 胚胎是否具有生命權之倫理爭議之回顧 4
第三節 一些方法論上的澄清 12
第四節 隱喻研究與倫理 19
第五節 結語 28
第二章 主張胚胎具有生命權的論證 29
第一節 人、人格與人權的概念 30
第二節 傳統有關於胚胎具有生命權的主張 36
第三節 胚胎生命權論證之解析 46
第三章 反對胚胎具有生命權之論證 61
第一節 認為胚胎不具有生命權之主張的辨析 61
第二節 主張胚胎不具有任何道德地位之論證 66
第三節 胚胎具有某些道德地位的論證 72
第四節 再思胚胎的象徵意義 75
第四章 隱喻之於胚胎之科學研究與價值規範 80
第一節 墮胎論述中有關於胚胎的新思維 81
第二節 在胚胎幹細胞研究中有關於胚胎的新轉向 84
第三節 基因之為物 90
第四節 隱喻研究對傳統倫理學之衝擊 95
第五章 從隱喻倫理進路:論胚胎不具有嚴格意義的生命權 102
第一節 約翰生的隱喻理論 104
第二節 從隱喻倫理來看
胚胎不具有嚴格意義的生命權 115
第三節 從肉身的實在論看胚胎 118
第四節 結語 123
第六章 總結 124
參考文獻 127
參考文獻 參考文獻
中文部分
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Ⅱ. 中文期刊
艾立勤、戴宇光,〈四倫理原則在胚胎幹細胞議題中之不足〉,《應用倫理研究通訊》,22,15-23頁,2004年4月。
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───,〈天主教會對「代理孕母」的倫理立場〉,http://210.60.194.100/life2000/professer/ilichin/i4.htm
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英文部分
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Ⅱ. 英文論文
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指導教授 李瑞全 審核日期 2010-8-25
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