博碩士論文 90249001 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:18 、訪客IP:3.236.214.19
姓名 李昫岱(Hsu-Tai Lee)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 天文研究所
論文名稱 OB星協裡的中低質量星球的形成
(Low- and Intermediate-mass Star Formation in OB Associations)
相關論文
★ 金牛座分子雲外圍之年輕恆星★ 濃密分子雲核中的紅外源
★ 球狀星團NGC288的運動狀態★ 利用2微米巡天觀測(2MASS)資料庫分析疏散星團之空間結構
★ 中美掩星計畫的光度資料分析★ 薔薇星雲中的X射線源
★ 銀河系球狀星團 M13 之中頻寬 CCD 光度測量及其恆星組成★ 毫米與次毫米波段的大質量恆星形成
★ 中美掩星計劃的掩星偵測和星場選擇★ 晚期恆星之環星物質的結構研究
★ 豺狼三分子雲中的年輕星球★ 塵粒成長對原行星盤能譜分佈演化之作用
★ Identification of Herbig Ae/Be Starsin Open Clusters★ 船底座星雲之多波段研究
★ 從中美掩星計畫資料裡計算古伯帶遮掩背景星的機率以及尋找變星★ RCW57 之近紅外偏極化影像觀測
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   [檢視]  [下載]
  1. 本電子論文使用權限為同意立即開放。
  2. 已達開放權限電子全文僅授權使用者為學術研究之目的,進行個人非營利性質之檢索、閱讀、列印。
  3. 請遵守中華民國著作權法之相關規定,切勿任意重製、散佈、改作、轉貼、播送,以免觸法。

摘要(中) 我們用2MASS的顏色選取classical T Tauri stars (CTTSs), 這提供了一個研究恆星城區的有效工具. 我們研究了bright-rimmed clouds (BRCs) B35, B30, IC 2118, LDN 1616, LDN 1634及Orion East發現大質量恆星如何與分子雲作用, 並進一步引發小質量恆星的形成. 我們的結果符合radiation-driven implosion 模型.
在Lac OB1星協我們發現越靠近BRCs或comet-shaped clouds的CTTSs越年輕,大質量星球形成後向外膨脹的ionization fronts會壓縮附近的分子雲, 這個過程會讓分子雲向內塌縮形成新的恆星. 當ionization fronts向外傳播會引發進一步的恆星形成, 最後一個幾十個pc的OB星協會經由這個方式形成.
我們發現Orion-Monoceros Complex中的年輕星球和Orion-Eridanus Superbubble 有關聯, 震波壓縮分子雲並引發恆星形成, 這個現象可以在Orion A, Orion B, NGC 2149, VdB 64, 及 Crossbones等分子雲中發現. 恆星形成的歷史開始於Ori OB1a, 然後傳到Ori OB1b, Ori OB1c, 然後到Ori OB1d. 這個震波持續向外, 並且將壓縮NGC 2149, VdB 64, 及 Crossbones等分子雲, 而且進一步的在這些分子雲中引發恆星形成.
摘要(英) We have developed an empirical and effective set of criteria, based on the 2MASS colors, to select
candidate classical T Tauri stars (CTTSs). This provides a useful tool to study the young stellar
population in star-forming regions. Here we present our analysis of the bright-rimmed clouds
(BRCs) B 35, B 30, IC 2118, LDN 1616, LDN 1634, and Orion East to show how massive stars
interact with molecular clouds to trigger star formation. Our results support the
radiation-driven implosion model in which the ionization fronts from OB stars compress a nearby
cloud until the local density exceeds the critical value, thereby inducing the cloud to collapse
to form stars. We find that only BRCs associated with strong IRAS 100 micron emission (tracer
of high density) and H-alpha emission (tracer of ionization fronts) show signs of ongoing star
formation. Relevant timescales, including the ages of O stars, expanding HII regions, and
the ages of CTTSs, are consistent with sequential star formation. We also find that CTTSs are
only seen between the OB stars and the BRCs, with those closer to the BRCs being progressively
younger. There is no CTTS leading the ionization fronts, i.e., within the molecular clouds. All
these provide strong evidence of triggered star formation and show the major roles massive stars
play in sustaining the star-forming activities in the region.
We present our diagnosis of the role massive stars play in the formation of low- and
intermediate-mass stars in OB associations. In Lacerta OB1 we find that CTTSs and Herbig Ae/Be
(HAeBe) stars tend to line up between luminous O stars and bright-rimmed or comet-shaped clouds,
with those closer to a cloud progressively younger, just like BRCs in the Orion. A luminous O
star formed in a giant molecular cloud would create expanding ionization fronts to evaporate and
compress nearby clouds into bright-rimmed or comet-shaped clouds. The implosive pressure then
causes dense clumps to collapse and prompts subsequent formation of low-mass stars on the cloud
surface (i.e., the bright rim) and intermediate-mass stars somewhat deeper into the cloud. These
stars represent the current star formation and no young stars are seen leading the implosive
shocks further into the cloud. The process may propagate through one cloud after another, and the
majority of the stellar population in an entire OB association with a scale of tens of parsec may
be formed in the sequence.
We find that young stars in the Orion-Monoceros Complex are tightly related to the Orion-Eridanus
Superbubble, created by Wolf-Rayet winds and supernovae from in the Ori OB1 association. The
shock fronts would compress molecular clouds and then trigger star formation. This phenomena can
be found in the Orion A, Orion B, NGC 2149, VdB 64, Crossbones. We propose that the star
formation in the Orion-Monoceros Complex starts from Ori OB1a, then propagates to 1b, 1c related
to the Orion A and B molecular clouds, respectively, and eventually to 1d. Star formation is
spread out further by the expanding shock front, i.e., the Orion-Eridanus Superbubble, to
NGC 2149, VdB 64, and Crossbones, and probably Mon R2. As the shock fronts expand, they do not
only induce star formation but also inject short-lived nuclides, synthesized by Wolf-Rayet stars
and supernovae, into protostellar nebulae. These now extinct short-lived nuclides have been found
in meteorites. Our solar system was likely formed in an environment similar to that of the
Ori OB1 association.
關鍵字(中) ★ 年輕星球
★ 星際物質
★ 分子雲
關鍵字(英) ★ pre-main sequence star
★ ISM
★ molecular cloud
論文目次 Abstract ii
List of Figures vi
List of Tables vii
1 Introduction 1
1.1 Low- and Intermediate-mass PMS Stars in OB Associations 2
1.2 Motivation and Outline of This Thesis 5
2 Tirggered Star Formation in the Orion Bright-rimmed Clouds 6
2.1 Bright-rimmed Clouds 6
2.2 Data and Observations 8
2.2.1 Archival Data 8
2.2.2 Spectroscopic Observations 12
2.2.3 Imaging Observations 13
2.2.4 Observational Results 13
2.3 Evidence of Triggered Star Formation 21
2.3.1 Comparison with Theory 22
2.3.2 Seauential Star Formation 23
2.3.3 Relevant Timescales 25
2.3.4 Spatial Distribution of Classical T Tauri Stars 26
2.3.5 High Star Formation Efficiency 27
2.4 Summary 28
3 Star Formation in Lac OB1 association 30
3.1 Lac OB1 Association 30
3.2 Observations 30
3.3 Star Formation Activities in Lac OB1 31
3.3.1 LBN 437 31
3.3.2 GAL 110-13 33
3.4 Star Formation History in Lac OB1 37
3.5 Summary 38
4 Star Formaiton in the Orion-Monoceros Complex 43
4.1 Orion-Moniceros Complex 43
4.2 Data and Observations 46
4.2.1 Spectroscopic Observations 46
4.2.2 Observational Results 47
4.3 Revised Selection Criteria 47
4.4 Star Formation Activities in Orion-Monoceros Complex 48
4.4.1 Orion A and Orion B Giant Molecular Clouds 48
4.4.2 Mon R2 53
4.4.3 NGC 2149 and VdB 64 53
4.4.4 Southern and Norhtern Filaments 55
4.5 Star Formation History in the Orion-Monoceros Complex 56
4.6 OB Assocations and Solar System Formation 60
4.7 Summary 62
5 Conclusions 64
Bibliography 66
A Results of Spectral Observations 75
參考文獻 Alcala, J. M., Krautter, J., Schmitt, J. H. M. M., Covino, E., Wichmann, R., & Mundt, R. 1995, A&AS, 114, 109
Alcala, J. M., et al. 1996, A&AS, 119, 7
Alcala, J. M., Krautter, J., Covino, E., Neuhaeuser, R., Schmitt, J. H. M. M., & Wichmann, R. 1997, A&A, 319, 184
Alcala, J. M., Chavarria-K., C., & Terranegra, L. 1998, A&A, 330, 1017
Alcala, J. M., Wachter, S., Covino, E., Sterzik, M. F., Durisen, R. H., Freyberg, M. J., Hoard, D. W., & Cooksey, K. 2004, A&A, 416, 677
Allen, D. A., & Swings, J. P. 1976, A&A, 47, 293
Ambartsumianv, V. A. 1947, in Stellar Evolution and Astrophysics, Armenian Acad. of Sci. (German transl., 1951, Abhandl. Sowjetischen Astron, 1, 33)
Ashok, N. M., Bhatt, H. C., Kulkarni, P. V., & Joshi, S. C. 1984, MNRAS, 211, 471
Ballesteros-Paredes, J., & Hartmann, L. 2006, astro-ph/0605268
Bally, J., Stark, A. A., Wilson, R. W., & Langer, W. D. 1987, ApJ, 312, L45
Bally, J., Langer, W. D., Wilson, R. W., Stark, A. A., & Pound, M. W. 1991, in IAU Symp. 147: Fragmentation of Molecular Clouds and Star Formation, ed. E. Falgarone, F. Boulanger, & G. Duvert (Dordrecht: Kluwer), 11
Bertoldi, F. 1989, ApJ, 346, 735
Bertoldi, F. & McKee, C. F. 1990, ApJ, 354, 529
Bik, A., Lenorzer, A., Kaper, L., Comeron, F., Waters, L. B. F. M., de Koter, A., & Hanson, M. M. 2003, A&A, 404, 249
Blaauw, A. 1964, ARA&A, 2, 213
Blaauw, A. 1958, AJ, 63, 186
Blaauw, A. 1961, ain, 15, 265
Blaauw, A. 1991, in The Physics of Star Formation and Early Stellar Evolution, ed. C. J. Lada & N. D. Kylafis (Dordresht:Kluwer), 125
Bok, B. J. 1934, Harvard College Observatory Circular, 384, 1
Briceno, C., et al. 2001, Science, 291, 93
Briceno, C., Calvet, N., Hernandez, J., Vivas, A. K., Hartmann, L., Downes, J. J., & Berlind, P. 2005, AJ, 129, 907
Briceno, C., et al. 2006, in Protostars and Planets V, ed. Reipurth, B., Jewitt, D., & Keil, K. (Tucson: Univ. Arizona Press)
Brown, A. G. A., de Geus, E. J., & de Zeeuw, P. T. 1994, A&A, 289, 101
Brown, A. G. A., Hartmann, D., & Burton, W. B. 1995, A&A, 300, 903
Cameron, A. G. W., & Truran, J. W. 1977, Icarus, 30, 447
Carpenter, J. M. 2000, AJ, 120, 3139
Carpenter, J. M. 2001, AJ, 121, 2851
Clark, P. C., Bonnell, I. A., Zinnecker, H., & Bate, M. R. 2005, MNRAS, 359, 809
Cox, A. N. 1999, Allens Astrophysical Quantities
Cutri, R. M., et al. 2003, 2MASS All Sky Catalog of Point Sources (Pasadena:IPAC)
Dame, T. M., Hartmann, D., & Thaddeus, P. 2001, ApJ, 547, 792
de Geus, E. J., de Zeeuw, P. T., & Lub, J. 1989, A&A, 216, 44
del Rio, E., et al. 1996, A&A, 315, 237
Dennison, B., Simonetti, J. H., & Topasna, G. A. 1998, PASA, 15, 147
De Vries, C. H., Narayanan, G., & Snell, R. L. 2002, ApJ, 577, 798
de Zeeuw, P. T., Hoogerwerf, R., de Bruijne, J. H. J., Brown, A. G. A., & Blaauw, A. 1999, AJ, 117, 354
Diehl, R. 2002, New Astronomy Review, 46, 547
Dolan, C. J., & Mathieu, R. D. 2002, AJ, 123, 387
Duerr, R., Imhoff, C. L., & Lada, C. J. 1982, ApJ, 261, 135
Dyson, J. E., & Williams, D. A. 1997, The Physics of the Interstellar Medium (2nd ed.; Bristol: Institute of Physics Publishing)
ESA. 1997, The Hipparcos and Tycho Catalogs, 1997, ESA SP-1200
Elmegreen, B. G., & Lada, C. J. 1977, ApJ, 214, 725
Elmegreen, B. G. 2000, ApJ, 530, 277
Feigelson, E. D., & Montmerle, T. 1999, ARA&A, 37, 363
Finkbeiner, D. P. 2003, ApJS, 146, 407
Garmany, C. D., & Stencel, R. E. 1992, A&AS, 94, 211
Gaustad, J. E., McCullough, P. R., Rosing, W., & Van Buren, D. 2001, PASP, 113, 1326
Gies, D. R., & Bolton, C. T. 1986, ApJS, 61, 419
Goswami, J. N., & Vanhala, H. A. T. 2000, Protostars and Planets IV, ed. V. Mannings, A. P. Boss, & S. S. Russell (Tucson: Univ. Arizona Press), 963
Haffner, L. M., Reynolds, R. J., Tufte, S. L., Madsen, G. J., Jaehnig, K. P., & Percival, J. W. 2003, ApJS, 149, 405
Hartmann, L. 2001, AJ, 121, 1030
Hartmann, L., Ballesteros-Paredes, J., & Bergin, E. A. 2001, ApJ, 562, 852
Heiles, C., Haffner, L. M., & Reynolds, R. J. 1999, in ASP Conf. Ser. 168, New Perspectives on the Interstellar Medium, ed. A. R. Taylor, T. L. Landecker, & G. Joncas (San Francisco: ASP), 211
Heiles, C., Haffner, L. M., Reynolds, R. J., & Tufte, S. L. 2000, ApJ, 536, 335
Herbig, G. H. 1962, ApJ, 135, 736
Herbig, G. H. & Kameswara Rao, N. 1972, ApJ, 174, 401
Herbig, G. H. & Bell, K. R. 1988, Third Catalog of Emission-Line Stars of the Orion Population (Lick Obs. Bull. 1111; Santa Cruz: Lick Obs.)
Herbst, W., & Racine, R. 1976, AJ, 81, 840
Hester, J. J., et al. 1996, AJ, 111, 2349
Hester, J. J., Desch, S. J., Healy, K. R., & Leshin, L. A. 2004, Science, 304, 1116
Hester, J. J., & Desch, S. J. 2005, in ASP Conf. Ser. 341, Chondrites and the Protoplanetary Disk, ed. A. N. Krot, E. R. D. Scott, & B. Reipurth (San Francisco: ASP), 107 Humphreys, R. M. 1978, ApJS, 38, 309
Karr, J. L., & Martin, P. G. 2003, ApJ, 595, 900
Kenyon, S. J., Brown, D. I., Tout, C. A., & Berlind, P. 1998, AJ, 115, 2491
Kim, B. G., Kawamura, A., Yonekura, Y., & Fukui, Y. 2004, PASJ, 56, 313
Knoedlseder, J., Bennett, K., Bloemen, H., Diehl, R., Hermsen, W., Oberlack, U., Ryan, J., & Schoenfelder, V. 1996, A&AS, 120, 327
Kogure, T., Yoshida, S., Wiramihardja, S. D., Nakano, M., Iwata, T., & Ogura, K. 1989, PASJ, 41, 1195
Krautter, J., Wichmann, R., Schmitt, J. H. M. M., Alcala, J. M., Neuhauser, R., & Terranegra, L. 1997, A&AS, 123, 329
Kroupa, P., Aarseth, S., & Hurley, J. 2001, MNRAS, 321, 699
Kun, M., Aoyama, H., Yoshikawa, N., Kawamura, A., Yonekura, Y., Onishi, T., & Fukui, Y. 2001, PASJ, 53, 1063
Kun, M., Prusti, T., Nikolic, S., Johansson, L. E. B., & Walton, N. A. 2004, A&A, 418, 89
Kutner, M. L., Tucker, K. D., Chin, G., & Thaddeus, P. 1977, ApJ, 215, 521
Lada, C. J. 1987, in IAU Symp. 115, Star Forming Regions, ed. J. Jugaku & M. Peimbert (Dordrecht: Reidel), 1
Lada, C. J., & Adams, F. C. 1992, ApJ, 393, 278
Lada, C. J., Alves, J., & Lada, E. A. 1996, AJ, 111, 1964
Lada, C. J., Muench, A. A., Haisch, K. E., Lada, E. A., Alves, J. F., Tollestrup, E. V., & Willner, S. P. 2000, AJ, 120, 3162
Lada, C. J., & Lada, E. A. 2003, ARA&A, 41, 57
Lang, W. J., Masheder, M. R. W., Dame, T. M., & Thaddeus, P. 2000, A&A, 357, 1001
Lee, H.-T., Chen, W. P., Zhang, Z., & Hu, J. 2005, ApJ, 624, 808
Lee, H.-T., & Chen, W. P. 2006, submitted to ApJ, astro-ph/0509315
Lee, H.-T., & Chen, W. P. 2006, in preparation
Lee, T., Papanastassiou, D. A., & Wasserburg, G. J. 1977, ApJ, 211, L107
Lee, T., Shu, F. H., Shang, H., Glassgold, A. E., & Rehm, K. E. 1998, ApJ, 506, 898
Lefloch, B. & Lazareff, B. 1994, A&A, 289, 559
Lefloch, B. & Lazareff, B. 1995, A&A, 301, 522
Lefloch, B., Lazareff, B., & Castets, A. 1997, A&A, 324, 249
Lefloch, B., Cernicharo, J., Rodriguez, L. F., Miville-Deschenes, M. A., & Cesarsky, D. 2002, ApJ, 581, 335
Levato, H. & Abt, H. A. 1976, PASP, 88, 712
Maddalena, R. J., Moscowitz, J., Thaddeus, P., & Morris, M. 1986, ApJ, 303, 375
Magakian, T. Y. 2003, A&A, 399, 141
McGroarty, F., Ray, T. P., & Bally, J. 2004, A&A, 415, 189
Meyer, M. R., Calvet, N., & Hillenbrand, L. A. 1997, AJ, 114, 288
Miesch, M. S., & Bally, J. 1994, ApJ, 429, 645
Neuhauser, R., Sterzik, M. F., Torres, G., & Martin, E. L. 1995, A&A, 299, L13
Neuhauser, R., et al. 2000, A&AS, 146, 323
O'dell, C. R., Wen, Z., & Hu, X. 1993, ApJ, 410, 696
Odenwald, S., Fischer, J., Lockman, F. J., & Stemwedel, S. 1992, ApJ, 397, 174
Ogura, K. & Sugitani, K. 1998, PASA, 15, 91
Olano, C. A., Walmsley, C. M., & Wilson, T. L. 1994, A&A, 290, 235
Oort, J. H. & Spitzer, L. J. 1955, ApJ, 121, 6
Pettersson, B., & Reipurth, B. 1994, A&AS, 104, 233
Preibisch, T. & Zinnecker, H. 1999, AJ, 117, 2381
Reach, W. T., et al. 2004, ApJS, 154, 385
Reipurth, B. 1983, A&A, 117, 183
Rieke, G. H. & Lebofsky, M. J. 1985, ApJ, 288, 618
Schaerer, D. & de Koter, A. 1997, A&A, 322, 598
Schlegel, D. J., Finkbeiner, D. P., & Davis, M. 1998, ApJ, 500, 525
Schmidt-Kaler, T. 1982, Landolt-Bornstein Numerical Data and Functional Relationships in Science and Technology
Shu, F. H., Adams, F. C., & Lizano, S. 1987, ARA&A, 25, 23
Shukolyukov, A., & Lugmair, G. W. 1993, Science, 259, 1138
Siess, L., Dufour, E., & Forestini, M. 2000, A&A, 358, 593
Skrutskie, M. F., et al. 2006, AJ, 131, 1163
Spitzer, L. 1998, Physical Processes in the Interstellar Medium (New York: Wiley-Interscience)
Srinivasan, G., Ulyanov, A. A., & Goswami, J. N. 1994, ApJ, 431, L67
Stanke, T., Smith, M. D., Gredel, R., & Szokoly, G. 2002, A&A, 393, 251
Sugitani, K., Fukui, Y., & Ogura, K. 1991, ApJS, 77, 59
Sugitani, K., & Ogura, K. 1994, ApJS, 92, 163
The, P. S., de Winter, D. & Perez, M. R. 1994, A&AS, 104, 315
Walborn, N. R. & Panek, R. J. 1984, ApJ, 286, 718
Walter, F. M., Alcala, J. M., Neuhauser, R., Sterzik, M., & Wolk, S. J. 2000, Protostars and Planets IV, ed. V. Mannings, A. P. Boss, & S. S. Russell (Tucson: Univ. Arizona Press), 273
Warren, W. H., & Hesser, J. E. 1978, ApJS, 36, 497
Waters, L. B. F. M., & Waelkens, C. 1998, ARA&A, 36, 233
White, G. J., Casali, M. M., & Eiroa, C. 1995, A&A, 298, 594
White, R. J., & Hillenbrand, L. A. 2005, ApJ, 621, L65
Wichmann, R., et al. 1996, A&A, 312, 439
Wichmann, R., Krautter, J., Covino, E., Alcala, J. M., Neuhaeuser, R., & Schmitt, J. H. M. M. 1997, A&A, 320, 185
Wilson, B. A., Dame, T. M., Masheder, M. R. W., & Thaddeus, P. 2005, A&A, 430, 523
Wilson, R. W., Jefferts, K. B., & Penzias, A. A. 1970, ApJ, 161, L43
Wiramihardja, S. D., Kogure, T., Yoshida, S., Ogura, K., & Nakano, M. 1989, PASJ, 41, 155
Wiramihardja, S. D., Kogure, T., Yoshida, S., Nakano, M., Ogura, K., & Iwata, T. 1991, PASJ, 43, 27
Wiramihardja, S. D., Kogure, T., Yoshida, S., Ogura, K., & Nakano, M. 1993, PASJ, 45, 643
Xie, T., & Goldsmith, P. F. 1994, ApJ, 430, 252
Yonekura, Y., Hayakawa, T., Mizuno, N., Mine, Y., Mizuno, A., Ogawa, H., & Fukui, Y. 1999, PASJ, 51, 837
Zacharias, N., Urban, S. E., Zacharias, M. I., Wycoff, G. L., Hall, D. M., Monet, D. G., & Rafferty, T. J. 2004, AJ, 127, 3043
Zinnecker, H., Bastien, P., Arcoragi, J., & Yorke, H. W. 1992, A&A, 265, 726
指導教授 陳文屏(Wen-Ping Chen) 審核日期 2006-7-26
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   
網路書籤 Google bookmarks   del.icio.us   hemidemi   myshare   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡  - 隱私權政策聲明