博碩士論文 90322076 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:12 、訪客IP:3.235.29.190
姓名 蔡佩娟(Pei-gem Tsai)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 土木工程學系
論文名稱 依時性供應鏈網路均衡模型之研究
(A supply chain network of time-dependent equilibrium model)
相關論文
★ 圖書館系統通閱移送書籍之車輛途程問題★ 起迄對旅行時間目標下高速公路匝道儀控之研究
★ 結合限制規劃法與螞蟻演算法求解運動排程問題★ 共同邊界資料包絡分析法在運輸業之應用-以國內航線之經營效率為例
★ 雙北市公車乘客知覺服務品質、知覺價值、滿意度、行為意向路線與乘客之跨層次中介效果與調節式中介效果★ Investigating the influential factors of public bicycle system and cyclist heterogeneity
★ A Mixed Integer Programming Formulation for the Three-Dimensional Unit Load Device Packing Problem★ 高速公路旅行時間預測之研究--函數資料分析之應用
★ Behavior Intention and its Influential Factors for Motorcycle Express Service★ 含額外限制式動態用路人均衡模型之研究
★ 動態起迄旅次矩陣推估模型之研究★ 動態號誌時制控制模型求解演算法之研究
★ 不同決策變數下動態用路人均衡路徑選擇模型之研究★ 動態人口分布最佳化控制之研究-雙層規劃模型之應用
★ 含容量限制之軟時窗動態用路人出發時間/路徑選擇雙層模型之研究★ 普羅比機率型動態用路人均衡模型演算法求解效率之比較
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   [檢視]  [下載]
  1. 本電子論文使用權限為同意立即開放。
  2. 已達開放權限電子全文僅授權使用者為學術研究之目的,進行個人非營利性質之檢索、閱讀、列印。
  3. 請遵守中華民國著作權法之相關規定,切勿任意重製、散佈、改作、轉貼、播送,以免觸法。

摘要(中) 供應鏈(Supply Chain)的概念導源於「物流」(Logistics),其主要精神在於整合上、下游通路成員,透過同步化、即時性的規劃,將通路過程中相關活動與成員間的資訊加以串連與流通,讓產銷的供需關係更透明化,使廠商更能根據終端市場與顧客之需求變化,快速整合相關技術與資源,提供適時、適量、適質的實質產品與服務,因此,供應鏈可被視為一種整合型物流。
隨著產業環境變化快速、經濟活動日益複雜,供應鏈管理的概念已從傳統學術領域的技術性研究,轉變為企業在競爭日趨激烈的環境壓力下創造同業間之競爭優勢的一種策略。近年來,已有許多學者致力於各種供應鏈管理與分析網路最佳化(optimization)相關研究,但著眼於探討競爭的供應鏈網路均衡模型之研究卻相當有限。均衡模型之概念是取自於經濟(economics),本研究利用均衡架構提供一個可作為現存的商品運送模式、存貨決策、與定價參考的基準點,並透過變分不等式模型發展出一個包含製造市場、批發市場、零售市場、與需求市場之競爭的依時性供應鏈網路均衡模型。
摘要(英) Supply chain management has received attention since the early 1980s. Supply chain management and other similar terms, such as network sourcing, supply pipeline management, value chain management, and value stream management have become subjects of increasing interest in recent years, to academics, consultants and business management. The topic of supply chain analysis is interdisciplinary by nature since it involves manufacturing, transportation and logistics, as well as retailing/marketing. It has been the subject of a growing body of literature with the associated research being both conceptual in nature, due to the complexity of the problem and the numerous agents such as manufacturers, wholesalers/warehouses, retailers, and consumers involved in the transactions, as well as analytical.
Many researchers, in addition to, practitioners, have described the various networks that underlie supply chain analysis and management with the goal being primarily that of optimization. In this research, in contrast, we develop an equilibrium model of time-dependent competitive supply chain networks. It can evaluate price, inventories and product flows at the same time. The equilibrium model captures both the independent behavior of the various decision-makers as well as the effect of their interactions. Finally, it provides the foundation for developing dynamic models for the study of the evolution of supply chains.
關鍵字(中) ★ 依時性
★ 變分不等式
★ 均衡
★ 供應鏈
關鍵字(英) ★ Variational Inequality
★ time-dependent
★ equilibrium
★ Supply chain
論文目次 摘要 ……………………………………………………………………I
Abstract ……………………………………………………………………II
致謝 ……………………………………………………………………III
目錄 ……………………………………………………………………VI
圖目錄 ……………………………………………………………………IX
表目錄 ……………………………………………………………………X
第一章 緒論 ……………………………………………………….1
1.1 研究動機與目的 ……………………………………………1
1.2 研究範圍與假設 ……………………………………………2
1.2.1 研究範疇 ……………………………………………2
1.2.2 研究假設 ……………………………………………4
1.3 研究內容與流程 ……………………………………………5
第二章 文獻回顧 ……………………………………………………….7
2.1 網路均衡模型 ……………………………………………………...7
2.1.1 靜態網路均衡模型 ………………………………………....8
2.1.2 動態網路均衡模型 ………………………………………....9
2.2 空間價格均衡模型 ………………………………………….10
2.3 供應鏈網路均衡模型 ………………………………………….13
2.4 綜合評析 ………………………………………………………17
第三章 依時性供應鏈網路均衡模型 ……………………………..19
3.1 靜態供應鏈網路均衡模型之架構與意義 ………………….20
3.2 依時性供應鏈網路均衡模型之架構與意義 ………………...24
3.3 供應鏈各層市場之競爭行為與模型構建 ………………….26
3.3.1 供給市場之競爭行為與模型構建 ………………….27
3.3.1.1 符號說明 ………………………………………….27
3.3.1.2 最佳化模型 ………………………………………….28
3.3.1.3 均衡條件 ………………………………………….32
3.3.1.4 變分不等式模型 ..…………………………………..33
3.3.2 批發市場之競爭行為與模型構建 ………………….35
3.3.2.1 符號說明 ………………………………………….35
3.3.2.2 最佳化模型 ………………………………………….36
3.3.2.3 均衡條件 ………………………………………….39
3.3.2.4 變分不等式模型 ………………………………40
3.3.3 零售市場之競爭行為與模型構建 …………………43
3.3.3.1 符號說明 …………………………………………43
3.3.3.2 最佳化模型 …………………………………………44
3.3.3.3 均衡條件 ……………………………………….47
3.3.3.4 變分不等式模型 ……………………………48
3.3.4 需求市場之消費者競爭行為與模型構建 ……………….50
3.3.4.1 均衡條件 ……………………………………….51
3.3.4.2 變分不等式模型 …………………………..52
3.4 依時性供應鏈網路均衡模型構建 …………………………..53
3.4.1 變分不等式模型 ……………………………………….53
3.4.2 對等性證明 ……………………………………….55
3.4.2.1 必要性證明 ……………………………………...56
3.4.2.2 充分性證明 ……………………………………...61
第四章 範例測試與分析 ……………...……………………..64
4.1 求解方法 ……………...………………………………...65
4.1.1 依時性供應鏈網路均衡問題之非線性互補模型……...65
4.1.2 LINGO軟體簡介 ……………………………………...69
4.2 範例測試與分析 ……………………….…………...71
4.2.1 測試網路一 ………………………………………71
4.2.1.1 情境一:「對稱型」網路結構 …………....72
4.2.1.2 情境二:「非對稱型」網路結構 ……………..74
4.2.1.3 情境三:製造商生產成本函數變動……………..76
4.2.2 測試網路二 ……………………………………..79
4.2.2.1 情境一:「對稱型」網路結構 ……………..80
4.2.2.2 情境二:「非對稱型」網路結構 ……………..83
4.2.2.3 情境三:需求函數變動 ………………………...85
4.2.2.4 情境四:生產成本函數與需求函數變動……….87
4.3 小結 ………………………………………………….88
第五章 結論與建議 ………………………………………………...89
5.1 結論 ………………………………………………….89
5.2 建議 ………………………………………………….91
參考文獻 ………………………………………………………………93
個人簡歷 …………………………………………………………….98
參考文獻 1.陳育正,1995,靜態路網均衡指派模型求解演算法之比較研究,國立中央大學土木工程學系碩士論文。
2.薛哲夫,1996,明確型動態旅運選擇模型之研究,國立中央大學土木工程學系碩士論文。
3.莊舜智,1998,多目標決策之應用-整備時間考量下之零工式排程問題探討,大葉大學工業工程研究所碩士論文。
4.郭維凌,1999,負載變動與需求分割條件下車輛途程問題之研究,中華大學工業工程與管理研究所碩士論文。
5.許志邑,2000,石材業供應鏈管理系統最適規劃之研究,國立交通大學交通運輸研究所碩士論文。
6.郭逸敏,2000,國內直昇機客運航線最佳營運模式之研究~以德安航空台東-綠島、蘭嶼航線為例,國立成功大學交通管理科學系碩士論文。
7.洪瑜敏,2000,供應鏈之多目標產銷模式:以自行車製造廠商為例,國立交通大學交通運輸研究所碩士論文。
8.林宏彧,2001,物料供應鏈電腦自動化模型之研究,國立交通大學土木工程研究所碩士論文。
9.陳昌鉉,2001,以地理資訊系統輔助共同管道之最適設計,國立中央大學土木工程研究所碩士論文。
10.萬芸萍,2001,國際企業供應鏈營運面匯率避險之研究,國立成功大學交通管理科學系碩士論文。
11.林正章,2001,運輸網路分析,五南圖書出版有限公司。
12.楊振興,2001,大專院校排課之探討-以非數學規劃為研究工具,國立中正大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
13.蔡佳君,2001,時窗限制下不同負載量車輛途程問題之探討,中華大學工業工程與管理研究所碩士論文。
14.Anupindi, R., and Bassok, Y., 1996, “Distribution channels, information systems and virtual centralization”, Proceedings of the Manufacturing and Service Operations Management Society Conference, pp. 87–92.
15.Bazaraa M.S., Sherali H.D. and Shetty C.M., 1993, Nonlinear Programming: Theory and Algorithms, Wiley, New York.
16.Beckmann M.J., C. B. McGuire and C.B. Winston, 1956, Studies in the Economics of transportation, Yale University Press, New Haven, C.T.
17.Bowersox, D.J. and Closs, D.J., 1996, Logistical Management – The Integrated Supply Chain Process, McGraw-Hill, New York.
18.Boyce D.E., 1984, “Urban Transportation Network-Equilibrium and Design Models:Recent Achievements and Future Prospects,” Environment and Planning A, Vol. 16, pp. 1445–1474.
19.Cohen M.A., and Mallik S.,1996,“Global Supply Chain:Research and Applications,” working paper.
20.Corbett C.J., and Karmarkar U.S., 2001,“Competition and structure serial supply chains with deterministic demand”, Management Science, Vol. 47,pp. 966–978.
21.Chen H.K., 1999, Dynamic Travel Choice Models: A Variational Inequality Approach, Springer- Verlag, Berling.
22.Dafermos S.C., 1971, “An extended traffic assignment model with applications to two-way traffic”, Transportation Science 5, pp. 366-389.
23.Dafermos S.C., and Nagurney A., 1985, “Isomorphism between spatial price and traffic network equilibrium models”, Lefschetz Center for Dynamical Systems, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, LCDS#85-17.
24.Dafermos S.C., and McKelvey, S. C., 1986, “Equilibrium Analysis of Competitive Economic Systems and Variational Inequalities”, Lefschetz Center for Dynamical Systems, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, LCDS#86-26.
25.Dafermos S.C.,and Nagurney A.,1986,“Material management in decentralized supply chains”, Operations Research, Vol. 41, 835–847.
26.Dafermos, S., Nagurney, A., 1987, Oligopolistic and competitive behavior of spatially separated markets. Regional Science and Urban Economics , Vol.17, 245–254.
27.Ellram, L.M., 1991, “Supply Chain Management”, International Journal of Physical Distribution and Logistics Management, Vol.21, pp.13-33;Vol.1, pp.57-58.
28.Enke, S., 1951, “Equilibrium among spatially separated markets:solution by electronic analogue,” Econometrica 10,pp. 40-47.
29.Erengüc S.S., Simpson N.C., Vakharia A.J., 1999, “Integrated production/distribution planning in supply chains: An invited review”, European Journal of Operations Research, Vol. 115,pp. 219–236.
30.Eydeland A., and Nagurney A., 1989, “Analysis of Progressive Equilibration Algorithms:the Case of Linear Transaction Costs”, Comput. Science Econ. Mgmt., Vol.2, pp.197–219.
31.Florian, M., and Los, M., 1982,“A new look at static spatial price equilibrium models”, Regional Science and Urban Economics, Vol.12, pp. 579–597.
32.Johnson, J.C. and Wood, D.F., 1996,Contemporary Logistics, 6th edition, Upper Saddle River, Prentice Hall, New York.
33.Lederer, P.J., Li, L., 1997, “Pricing, production, scheduling, and delivery-time competition”, Operations Research, Vol. 4, 407– 420.
34.Lee, L., and Billington, C., 1993. “Material management in decentralized supply chains”, Operations Research, 1, pp.835–847.
35.Magnanti T.L., and Wong R.T., 1984, “Network Design and Transportation Planning: Models and Algorithms,” Transportation Science, Vol. 18, No. 1, pp. 1-55.
36.McKelvey, S. C., 1989, “Partitionable Variational inequalities and an application to market equilibrium problems”, Ph. D. Thesis, Division of Applied Mathematics, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island.
37.Nagurney A., 1987, “Computational Comparisons of spatial price equilibrium methods”, Journal of Regional Science, Vol. 27,pp. 55–76.
38.Nagurney A. and Kim D. S., 1987, “Parallel and Serial Variational Inequality Decomposition Algorithms for Multicommodity Market Equilibrium Problems”, The International Journal of Supercomputer Applications, Vol. 3, pp.34-59.
39.Aronson J., 1989, “A General Dynamic Spatial Price Network Equilibrium Model With Gains and Losses”,NETWORKS,Vol.19, pp.751-769.
40.Nagurney A., Zhao, L., 1993, “Networks and variational inequalities in the formulation and computation of market disequilibria: The case of direct demand functions”, Transportation Science, Vol. 27,pp. 4–15.
41.Nagurney A., 1993, Network Economics : A Variational Inequality Approach, Kluwer Academic.
42.Nagurney A., Dong J., Zhang D., 2002, “A supply chain network equilibrium model”, Transportation Research Part E, Vol.38, pp.281-303.
43.Nagurney A., and Toyasaki F., 2003, “Supply chain supernetworks and environmental criteria”, Transportation Research Part D, Vol. 8, pp.185–213.
44.Samuelson, P., 1952. “Spatial price equilibrium and linear programming”, American Economic Review, Vol. 42, pp. 293–303.
45.Simchi-Levi, D., Kaminsky, P., and Smichi - Levi, Edith, 2000, Designing and Managing the Supply Chain: Concepts, Strategies and Case Studies.
46.Sheffi Y., 1984, Urban Transportation Networks: Equilibrium Analysis with Mathematical Programming Methods, Prentical-Hall.
47.Slats, P.A., Bhola, B., Evers, J.J., Dijkhuizen, G., 1995, “Logistic chain modelling,” European Journal of Operations Research , Vol. 87, pp. 1–20.
48.Smith, M. J., “Existence, uniqueness and stability of traffic equilibria”, Transportation Research B, Vol. 13, pp.295–304.
49.Stadtler, H., and Kilger, C. (Eds.), 2000. Supply Chain Management and Advanced Planning. Springer, Berlin.
50.Stevens, G.C., 1989, “ Integrating the Supply Chain,” International Journal of Distribution and physical Materials Management, Vol.19:8, pp.3-8.
51.Supply Chain Council, 1997, http://www.supply-chain.org.
52.Takayama, T., and Judge, G.G., 1971. Spatial and Temporal Price and Allocation Models. North-Holland, Amsterdam.
53.Wrdrop, J.G., 1952, Some Theoretical Aspects of Road Traffic Research. Proceedings, Institution of Civil Engineers Ⅱ(1), pp.325-378.
指導教授 陳惠國(Huey-Kuo Chen) 審核日期 2003-7-20
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   
網路書籤 Google bookmarks   del.icio.us   hemidemi   myshare   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡  - 隱私權政策聲明