博碩士論文 90522006 詳細資訊




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姓名 賴旭德(Hsu-Te Lai)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 資訊工程學系
論文名稱 針對串流應用程式所設計的低延遲及高效率的封包排程
(Low Latency and Efficient Packet Scheduling for Streaming Applications)
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摘要(中) 即時性的應用程式(Real-Time Applications)需要有足夠的頻寬預留才可運作順暢。Class Based Queue (CBQ), Nested Deficit Round Robin(NDRR)之類的封包排程方式主要就是針對頻寬保留所設計的。然而這些方式會造成網路封包的延遲時間的不穩定,而使得應用程式需要使用更大的封衝區來播放媒體串流(media stream)。即時性應用程式大體來說希望有較小的封包延遲。然而長及不穩定的封包延遲時間會危及到服務品質(Quality of Service)。目前有些封包排程方式可以使封包的延遲時間相當穩定,但是它們需要知道每個串流(flow)的細節。GPS (General Processor Sharing)-like的封包排程方式並沒有考量到串流資料實際的運作情形。一條經過許多路由器所遞送的串流不會是非常平順的。而GPS-like的封包排程方式還到這些不平順的串流時會產生額外的封包延遲時間。在這篇論文中,我們提出了一個可以針對串流應用程式(streaming applications)提供低延遲及有效率的封包排程方式名為LLEPS,以保證串流應用程式可以運作順暢。
摘要(英) Adequate bandwidth allocations and strict delay requirements are critical for real time applications. Packet scheduling algorithms like Class Based Queue (CBQ), Nested Deficit Round Robin (Nested-DRR) are designed to ensure the bandwidth reservation function. However, they might cause unsteady packet latencies and introduce extra application handling overhead, such as allocating a large buffer for playing the media stream. High and unstable latency of packets might jeopardize the corresponding Quality of Service since real-time applications prefer low playback latency. Existing scheduling algorithms which keep latency of packets stable require knowing the details of individual flows. GPS (General Processor Sharing)-like algorithms does not consider the real behavior of a stream. A real stream is not perfectly smooth after forwarded by routers. GPS-like algorithms will introduce extra delay on the stream which is not perfectly smooth. This thesis presents an algorithm which provides low latency and efficient packet scheduling service for streaming applications called LLEPS.
關鍵字(中) ★ 即時應用程式
★ 封包排程
關鍵字(英) ★ packet scheduling
★ real-time application
★ streaming
★ queuing
論文目次 Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION 1
Chapter 2 RELATED WORK 6
2.1 Class Based Queue 6
2.2 Weighted Fair Queue 6
2.3 Worst-case Fair Weighted Fair Queuing (WF2Q) 9
2.4 Delay Optimized Worst Case Fair WFQ (WF2Q) Packet Scheduling 11
2.5 Deficit Round Robin 13
2.6 Nested Deficit Round Robin 14
2.7 A Dynamic Regulation and Scheduling Scheme for Real-Time Traffic Management (RCSP) 15
2.8 Motivation of LLEPS 16
Chapter 3 OVERVIEW OF LLEPS 20
Chapter 4 DETAILED ALGORITHM 23
4.1 Components of LLEPS 23
1) Queues: 24
2) Min Heap: 24
3) System Timer: 25
4) Scheduler: 25
4.2 Function Descriptions 26
Chapter 5 SIMULATION Experiments 35
5.1 Simulation Environment 35
5.2 Bandwidth Sharing 35
5.3 Bandwidth Reservation 38
5.4 Buffer Under Run Problem 39
5.5 Delay Comparison of LLEPS, WFQ and NDRR 43
5.6 Two Problems of LLEPS 45
Chapter 6 IMPROVED ALGORITHM 48
Chapter 7 CONCLUSION AND FUTURE WORK 50
REFERENCES 52
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指導教授 吳曉光(Hsiao-Kuang Wu) 審核日期 2003-7-5
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