博碩士論文 90522027 詳細資訊




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姓名 李敬超(Ching-Chao Lee)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 資訊工程學系
論文名稱 應用具位置知覺的博物館導覽系統於行動團隊學習之研究
(A Context-aware Museum Tour Guide for Mobile Collaborative Learning)
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摘要(中) 隨著現代人對於假日活動品質的重視與要求,具學習性質的知性旅遊已漸受民眾青睞。但由於一般民眾對於這些知性旅遊地點,如博物館、天文館、美術館等地的展出內容大多沒有相關背景知識,在展示場所又無法獲得足夠的資訊,因此一趟參觀行程時常是走馬看花,平白喪失了一次良好的學習機會。傳統上博物館都會設置導覽人員為民眾介紹展出內容,並解答民眾的疑惑。但是這樣的解說服務通常是為團體參觀的民眾服務,不但步調受制於解說員以及團員影響,參觀的路線更是受到限制。若能以輕便的裝置搭載足夠的導覽資訊讓民眾隨身攜帶使用,使用者不但能對展示品獲得進一步地瞭解,還可隨自己的喜好與意志進行參觀。
本論文提出一應用具位置知覺的博物館導覽系統以輔助團隊學習的研究,提出於團隊學習時所需的輔助功能與功效,將用以輔助單人參觀的工具賦予更深的教育意義。博物館的客源除了一般民眾外,還有一大部份是來自各級學校的課外教學活動。在課外教學活動中首重學生與學生之間的知識交流以及老師與學生們的互動,因此本論文引入Computer Supported Collaborative Learning的觀念,運用了導覽系統為使用者建立起一知識交流網路,並給予老師管理、監控學生的能力。
本論文於實做後對系統進行了實際的使用測試與實驗,在一個班級的參觀活動中以導覽系統幫助小學生們認識史前恐龍,並利用系統提供的線上學習單功能讓小學生進行競賽活動。實驗結果受到使用者青睞,在各功能的表現上平均也有超過60%的使用者表示非常地滿意。
摘要(英) In Taiwan, people are getting more aware of their time spent on holidays. In addition to outdoor activities, indoor activities such as visits to museums and galleries are getting more popular. But people usually have only a little background knowledge on exhibitions and they can hardly reach exhibit information beyond the illustration tags. Therefore most museums provide tour guide services with expositors to give further explanations and answer visitor questions. However, expositor services are for group visitors and also the tour routes are fixed. Individual visitors are usually helpless during their museum visits such that lost chances to meet the treasure hidden in each exhibits.
A museum tour guide system that is used not only for individual visitors but also to facilitate collaborative activities is proposed in the thesis. Using a mobile device as personal museum expert such that people may visit exhibits freely while exposing himself or herself to a rich knowledge base at the same time. The introduction of Computer Supported Collaborative Learning brings more potential learning supplements to the guide system such that users may share their knowledge to others and teachers in an educational excursion can monitor the learning effects of students.
After the implementation, we have held an experiment to see how the proposed system helps a class of students visit a dinosaur exhibition. During the experiment, a competition was held to encourage the use of proposed system. Results after the experiment show that users were found of the system and averagely over 60% users were satisfied by the supplied functions.
關鍵字(中) ★ 團隊學習
★ 位置知覺
★ 導覽服務
★ 行動學習
關鍵字(英) ★ Collaborative Learning
★ Tour guide services
★ Context-aware
★ Mobile Learning
論文目次 Chapter 1. Introduction 1
1.1 Museum Tour Guide 1
1.2 Mobile Learning 5
1.3 Goals 6
1.4 Organization 9
Chapter 2. Related Works 10
2.1 Context-awareness 10
2.2 Innovative Tour Guide Systems 11
2.2.1 The Electronic Guidebook 13
2.2.2 Hypermedia Tour Guide 15
2.2.3 Sotto Voce 16
2.3 Computer Supported Collaborative Learning 17
2.4 Sharable Course Object Reference Model 21
Chapter 3. The Proposed Museum Tour Guide System 23
3.1 Surveys on Related Technology 23
3.1.1 Considerations on network environments 23
3.1.2 Considerations on Mobile devices 29
3.1.3 Considerations on positioning technologies 32
3.2 System Overview 34
3.3 Network Topology 37
3.4 System Model 41
3.5 Functionalities and Usages 44
3.3.1 Convenience in an individual visit 44
3.3.2 Support to group activities 49
3.3.3 Add-on services 54
3.3.4 Management and statistic mechanisms 56
Chapter 4. System Implementation 59
4.1 System Overview 59
4.2 Environment and Tools to Develop 61
4.3 System Functionalities and demonstration 64
Chapter 5. Assessments 78
5.1 Experiment Scenario 79
5.2 Experiment Results and Discussions 81
5.2.1 Data Collected from Students and Teachers 81
5.2.2 Recommendations from Museum Staffs 90
Chapter 6. Conclusions 94
References 96
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指導教授 周立德(Li-Der Chou) 審核日期 2003-7-18
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