博碩士論文 90532016 詳細資訊




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姓名 黃訓志(Hsun-Chih Huang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 資訊工程學系在職專班
論文名稱 感測網路與競局理論應用於舒適性空調之研究
(Comfort of Air Condition Using Sensor networks with Game Theory)
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摘要(中) 室內空調設置的目的是使室內溫度和濕度等控制因子維持在適合人體的舒適區。本研究主要評估在室內環境之溫度、濕度、人員狀態及空調設備研究;藉由感測系統及競局理論模式應用導入後,利用不合作競局已下明確策略來確保競局者有最適反應,允許個人的自利動機來決定結果,此結果維持在不違反此動機下,競局理論已在社會科學中應用廣泛,舉凡寡占、拍賣、談判、商業競爭、人際關係互動、球賽或橋牌出招、股市投資及國際關係的戰與和,協商等都立基於競局理論所提出的分析架構。此架構應用於本研究中,當感測器所偵測出之環境如溫度及濕度等物理量中取得出數據,再利用舒適區設定值來建立競局理論的拍賣模型演算法則,藉提供群體決策分析及判斷閥值來調整對空調機提供所規劃的輸出訊號。主要為舒適及省能目標出發,得到空調舒適性改善。本研究針對空調設備、感測器數量及位置的現狀加以分析使空調舒適性能初期輸出情形可得到結果,此狀態下若因量測點取得未代表環境溫度分佈易造成系統供應空調負載量誤判,使室內溫度昇高、溫度梯度產生等問題,造成人體舒適度的降低、能源之浪費等。針對空調機輸出所形成溫度及氣流的關係一般均以實驗級的環境來量測空調效果,不在此環境的使用者僅能用身體來反應舒適情形。本研究即著眼於市售的空調機若運作於使用者環境及控制條件影響下所造成空調效果,為兼顧空調環境需求及設備負載控制之思考方向,加入競局理論的拍賣模型演算法則,評估上述因舒適性分佈不均造成人體舒適度降低的問題,保留空調裝置對環境之負載平衡機制,以達到舒適及節約之效果。貢獻出室內空調有效利用提昇且減少空調負荷,達到舒適性及省能之目的。
摘要(英) The indoor air condition supply for control thermal and humidity , so these controllable factor accept human of comfort zone that we able to issues. The study opponment relate with evolution indoor environment as temperature ,humidity,status, and air condition device effective relationshop.At sensor networks and game theory mode integrated for air condition system control is new test.Currently it knew to use various scenairo as auction, bargard, commerica compete, other play games. The case study focus the two subjects one comfort. Other power saving.
The case used three motion mode that compare their effect with human, or indoor context equilibrium,maybe that well for the test of new solution with game theory.Control factor maintenances are in the comfortable area of the fit human body.By detect the system and game theories mode applications after ducting into, make use of the noncooperation game already next explicit strategy to who insure the game the most suitable reaction, allowing personal from benefit motive to decision result, this result maintains in not acting against this motive descending, game theories already at social science applied extensive, all without exception few occupy,auction off,the negotiation,business competition,social interaction interaction,ball game or game of bridges pay to recruit,the war that stock market investment and international relations and, consultation etc.,is all based in the analysis structure that game theories put forward. then make use of the comfortable area initial value to establish the forced sale model of the game theories and calculate the rule, adjusting by providing the community decision analysis and judging the valve to the exportation signal that air condition machinism when providing.Mainly for comfort and province can the target set out,getting the air condition comfort improvement.This research aim at the present condition of the air-condition, sensor quantity and position and take into analysis and can make the early exportation situation in comfortable function in air condition get the result, this appearance descend if because of measurement a wasted etc.,that obtain don’’t represent environment temperature distribute easily cause system supply air condition load quantity miscarriage of justice, make indoors temperature heat up, temperature steps degree produce etc. problem, make human body comfortable moderation of reduce, energy.This research is fixed attention on namely in the air condition machine if operations that city sells in user environment and control term the air condition result caused in influence, is the thinking direction that look after both sides of the air condition environment need and equipment load control, join the forced sale model of the game theories to calculate the rule, evaluate the above to distribute because of the comfort not all the problem that the comfort of causing the human body reduce, reserve the air condition to equip to the environment it load the balance the mechanism,the result that to reach the comfort and economy.Contribute the valid exploitation in indoors air condition to promote and reduce the air condition burden, reach comfort and province can its purpose.
關鍵字(中) ★ 空調環境
★ 感測網路
★ 群體決策
★ 拍賣模型
★ 競局理論
★ 舒適區
關鍵字(英) ★ air condition environment
★ The comfort area
★ game theories
★ auctions model
★ community decision
★ sensor network
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
1. 1舒適性探討 4
1. 2研究背景 8
1. 3研究目的 11
1. 4論文架構 12
第二章 相關研究 13
2. 1感測網路探討 13
2. 2 感測網路應用於空調方面之研究 17
2. 3空調環境之流場及舒適性控制模式 21
2. 4空調舒適性問題的模式探討 23
2. 5空調舒適性處理方式比較 25
2. 6競局理論探討 28
第三章 系統模型與假設 49
3. 1系統模型 49
3. 2系統假設 57
第四章 空調舒適性的運作規劃 62
4. 1空調舒適性之機制 62
4. 2 BEE及HIVE模組功能 67
4. 3模型之演算法 71
第五章 硬體的規劃 94
5. 1硬體的構想 94
5. 2電路的設計 94
第六章 實驗結果與討論 102
6. 1 實驗環境 102
6. 2 實驗一:運作模式設定在高舒適性測試 108
6. 3 實驗二:運作模式設定在中舒適性測試 111
6. 4 實驗三:運作模式設定在低舒適性測試 114
6. 5 資料彙整:設定位置點1~5在不同舒適性及運作模式的溫濕度 117
6. 6 資料彙整:設定位置點1~5在不同舒適性及運作模式人員動態 134
第七章 結論 137
參考文獻 138
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指導教授 周立德(L-D Chou) 審核日期 2004-7-19
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