博碩士論文 90541012 詳細資訊




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姓名 尚立人(Li-Zen Shang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 電機工程學系
論文名稱 感應馬達伺服驅動系統之直接轉矩控制策略 研究
(Direct Torque Control Strategy Design of Induction Motor Servo Driver System )
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摘要(中) 本論文旨在研究感應馬達在直接轉矩控制上,馬達在低轉速之電磁轉矩不足與磁通估測誤差大,以及直接轉矩控制法造成馬達運轉時產生轉矩連波等問題,提出濾波器回授、磁通補償與固定磁通變量直接轉矩控制(fixed flux variation DTC)法以降低磁通估測誤差,並使其在低速時能提升輸出電磁轉矩,降低轉矩漣波的策略,減少電流諧波量與功率消耗使馬達運轉更平順,有效降低速度誤差並提高驅動器效能。
首先,針對直接轉矩控制,提出對傳統直接轉矩之磁通估測器的改善方法與改善馬達在低轉速之電磁轉矩不足。主要是因馬達於低轉速時,轉子磁通變化緩慢,若定子磁通仍操作於定磁通情況下,將使定子磁通無法達到有效控制,進而使馬達輸出之電磁轉矩降低、速度誤差大,本文提出提升定子磁通量之補償策略,使其在低速時能有效輸出電磁轉矩,降低速度誤差。其次,對於直接轉矩控制於馬達運轉時,傳統直接轉矩控制法的輸出方式係經由電壓向量表的選擇,輸出適當的電壓向量,此種切換方式無法使功率晶體切換出非常滑順的弦波電壓使得電壓向量間的切換過程中導致轉矩漣波產生,造成高噪音與振動較難於應用於高精密控制,提出固定磁通變量直接轉矩控制FFVDTC設計法則,利用space vector plus width modulation (SVPWM)合成所需電壓向量,控制轉矩輸出大小與磁通增量在一定範圍內以降低轉矩瞬間變量,有效降低馬達運轉時所產生的轉矩漣波。
論文中所提出的方法,經由MATLAB模擬軟體重新建置馬達與控制系統模型,利用模擬驗證其可行後,再以固定點式DSP-based硬體實際測試結果,來證明其性能與效果,藉以佐證出所提出之直接轉矩控制感應馬達驅動系統於工業應用價值。
摘要(英) The purpose of this dissertation is to investigate a novel direct torque control for induct motor. There are drawbacks of direct torque control method for induct motor. These problems include the insufficiency of electromagnetic torque and the large estimated error of magnetic flux while motor operated in low speed, and generating torque ripples. This dissertation provided filter feedback, magnetic flux compensation and fixed flux variation direct torque control method to reduce the estimated error of magnetic flux; furthermore, it provided a strategy of effectively producing the output electromagnetic torque while the motor operated in low speed. Motor could be operated more smoothly by reducing current harmonic waves and power consumption. It could effectively decrease speed error and improve the efficiency of driver.
First, a method is provided to modify the magnetic flux estimator of the traditional direct torque control and improve the insufficiency of electromagnetic torque while motor operated in low speed. It is because that the rotor flux changes slowly while motor operated in low speed. If the stator flux is still operated in the fixed flux, the stator flux will not be able to control effectively which may decrease the output electromagnetic torque and increase the speed error. This paper provides a method to raise the stator flux which makes it effectively produce electromagnetic torque in the low speed and reduces the speed error.
Second, applying the traditional direct torque control for the motor operation is to select a vector from the list of voltage vector table. This traditional method is not able to geverate a smooth sine wave voltage. Thus it produces torque ripples during the process of switching over between voltage vectors. Torque ripples cause high noise and oscillation. Then it is difficult to apply in the high-accuracy control. This dissertation provides fixed flux variation DTC method which uses the space vector plus width modulation (SVPWM) to compose of the voltage vectors. It effectively reduces the torque ripples during the motor operation.
Finally MATLAB simulation software is used to show the possibility of control system. Then it is demonstrated through the fix-point DSP-based hardware. Both simulation and experimental results verify the feasibility of the new-type direct torque control for induct motor drive system.
關鍵字(中) ★ 固定磁通變量直接轉矩控制
★ 轉矩漣波
★ 定子磁通量補償
★ 磁通估測器
★ 直接轉矩控制
★ 感應馬達
關鍵字(英) ★ induction motor
★ direct torque control
★ flux estimator
★ flux compensated
★ torque ripple
★ fixed flux variation direct torque control
論文目次 ABSTRACT Ⅰ
CONTENT CAPTIONS Ⅲ
FIGURES CAPTIONS Ⅵ
TABLES CAPTIONS ⅩⅠ
NOMENCLATURE ⅩⅡ
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Motivation 1
1.2 Survey of Previous Work 2
1.3 Main Task and Organization 4
CHAPTER 2 DYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF INDUCTION MOTOR 7
2.1 Introduction 7
2.2 Dynamic Model 8
2.3 Characteristic Analysis 13
2.3.1 Characteristic Analysis 13
2.3.2 Electromagnetic Torque and Flux Command 18
CHAPTER 3 DESIGN OF INVERTERS 19
3.1 Introduction 19
3.2 Structure of The Hardware 21
3.2.1 Power Input Filter Circuit 24
3.2.2 Switching Power Supply Circuit 26
3.2.3 Digital Signal Processor 28
3.2.4 Current Sensor Circuit 29
3.2.5 Phototransistor Coupler Isolation and Drive Circuit 32
3.2.6 Filter Circuit of Encoder Signal 35
3.2.7 Signal Output Circuit 37
3.3 System Survey 38
3.4 Software Design Procedure 40
CHAPTER 4 DIRECT TORQUE CONTROL 43
4.1 Introduction 43
4.2 Direct Torque Control 43
4.3 Control of Flux and Torque 47
4.3.1 Flux Control 48
4.3.2 Electromagnetic Torque Control 49
4.3.3 Select of Voltage Vector 51
4.4 Simulation and Experimental Results 54
4.4.1 Simulation Results 57
4.4.2 Experimental Results 64
4.5 Summary 70
CHAPTER 5 FLUX COMPENSATED DIRECT TORQUE CONTROL FOR LOW SPEED OPERATION 71
5.1 Introduction 71
5.2 Flux Compensated for Low Speed 72
5.3 Integration Algorithm for Estimating Stator Flux 78
5.4 Simulation and Experimental Results 82
5.4.1 Simulation Results 85
5.4.2 Experimental Results 87
5.5 Summary 93
CHAPTER 6 TORQUE RIPPLE REDUCTION STRATEGY OF DIRECT TORQUE CONTROL 93
6.1 Introduction 93
6.2 Multi-vector DTC 95
6.2.1 Structure of Multi-Vector DTC 95
6.2.2 Strategy of Discrete Space Vector Modulation 97
6.3 Fixed Flux Variation DTC 101
6.3.1 Strategy of Reduces Torque Ripple 101
6.3.2 Strategy of Reduces Flux Variation 103
6.4 Simulation and Experimental Results 108
6.4.1 Simulation Results 111
6.4.2 Experimental Results 115
6.5 Summary 123
CHAPTER 7 CONCLUSIONS 124
7.1 Conclusions 124
7.2 Future Work 125
APPENDIX A 126
APPENDIX B 127
REFERENCE 128
PUBLICATION LIST 137
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指導教授 李柏磊、徐國鎧
(Po-Lei Lee、Kuo-Kai Shyu)
審核日期 2009-7-16
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