博碩士論文 91322085 詳細資訊


姓名 溫仁佑(Jen-Yu Wen)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 土木工程學系
論文名稱 高解析力衛星影像真實正射改正及遮蔽區域補償
(The Generation of True Orthophotos from High Resolution Satellites Images and Compensation of Hidden Area)
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摘要(中) 本研究目的乃利用高解析力衛星影像進行真實正射改正。主要研究工作包含四項:(1)求解方位參數,(2)利用數值地形模型進行傳統正射改正,(3)校正房屋高差移位及(4)遮蔽區域處理。求解方位參數部分,研究中利用載體參數求解方位,以及有理函數係數簡化求解方位參數過程。利用衛星方位以及數值地形模型進行傳統正射改正。之後,並配合數值房屋模型,針對房屋之高差移位進行校正。為了並免重複映射問題產生,研究中,需先偵測出遮蔽區域。由於高解析力衛星,視域小,研究中採取一有效率方式,偵測房屋之遮蔽區域,以及房屋高差移位之校正。測試區域為高雄地區以及新竹地區,測試影像為捷鳥衛星影像。
摘要(英) The purpose of this investigation is to generate true orthophotos from high resolution satellite images. The major works of this research include 4 parts: (1) determination of orientation parameters, (2) generating traditional orthophotos using terrain model, (3) relief correction for buildings, and (4) process for hidden areas. To determine the position of satellites, we correct the onboard orientation parameters to fine tune the orbit. In the generation of traditional orthophotos, we employ orientation parameters and digital terrain model (DTM) to rectify tilt displacements and relief displacements for terrain. We, then, compute relief displacements for buildings with digital building model (DBM). To avoid double mapping, we detect hidden areas. Due to the satellite’s small field of view, an efficient method for the detection of hidden areas and building rectification will be proposed in this paper. Test areas cover the city of Kaohsiung in southern Taiwan. and the city of Hsinchu in northern Taiwan.Test images are from the QuickBird satellite.
關鍵字(中) ★ 遮蔽區
★ 真實正射化
★ 影像正射化
關鍵字(英) ★ and True orthophotos
★ High Resolution Satellites Images
★ Hidden areas
★ DBM
★ DTM
論文目次 目錄
目錄 i
表目錄 viii
摘要 ix
Abstract x
第一章 前言 1
1.1. 研究動機與目的 1
1.2. 研究方法與內容 3
1.2.1.傳統正射改正 3
1.2.2.房屋遮蔽區域處理 6
第二章 影像傳統正射改正 9
2.1.載體參數修正模式 10
2.1.1. 建立載體資料與各相關座標系統間之轉換模式 10
2.1.2. 衛星軌道進行初步修正 11
2.2.有理函數模式及有理函數係數 16
2.2.1.有理函數模式 17
2.2.2.有理函數係數 19
第三章 房屋遮蔽區域處理 25
3.1.校正房屋高差移位 26
3.2.遮蔽區域周圍不合理像元修正 34
3.3.遮蔽區域補償 37
3.4.陰影區域增揚 41
第四章 實驗與成果分析 45
4.1.試驗資料簡介 46
4.2.新竹測區 47
4.2.1.載體參數模式 50
4.2.2.傳統正射改正 53
4.2.3.真實正射改正 54
4.2.4.不合理像元修正結果 57
4.2.5.遮蔽區域補償 59
4.2.6.陰影區域增楊 61
4.2.7.真實正射精度 63
4.3.高雄測區 64
4.3.1.載體參數模式 66
4.3.2.傳統正射改正 68
4.3.3.真實正射改正 70
4.3.4.不合理像元修正 73
4.3.5.遮蔽區域補償 74
4.3.6.陰影區域增楊 77
4.3.7.真實正射精度 78
參考文獻 81
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18. 張智安,2001,”EROS A 衛星影像幾何改正之研究”,碩士論文,國立中央大學土木工程研究所。
指導教授 陳良健(Liang-Chien Chen) 審核日期 2004-7-12
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