博碩士論文 91323121 詳細資訊




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姓名 江英澤(Ying-Tse Chiang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 機械工程學系
論文名稱 非球面閃耀式微光柵設計與光罩製作
(Design of Micro-Aspheric Blazed Grating Design and their Gray-level Mask Fabrication)
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摘要(中) 非球面閃耀式微光柵 (micro-aspheric blazed grating)的結構主要結合閃耀式光柵高階繞射之高效率分光能力與非球面鏡近似無像差之聚焦功能。論文中首先推導出此光學元件之繞射分光與多項式非球面鏡聚焦公式,進而分析討論入射狹縫(entrance slit)、光柵繞射及曲面像差等三個主要影響光學繞射分光系統之解析力(resolving power),研究發現在適當大小入射狹縫與高階繞射閃耀式光柵下,利用多項式非球面聚焦鏡,即使於紅外光區域內,仍可獲得超高解析度之分光能力。此光柵除了設計於經線(meridional)之多項式非球面聚焦功能外,尚包含緯線聚焦(sagittal focus)能力,具有超高分波多解多工器(demultiplexer)功能,將有機會成為高密度分波多工(dense wave- length division multiplexing,DWDM)光纖通訊系統中之重要光學元件。另外非球面閃耀式微光柵可藉由高精度之灰階光罩(gray level mask)來轉印製成,因此本論文針對自製之可調變雷射書寫系統(laser direct writer,LDW)於灰階光罩製作上精度的提昇加以分析改進。
摘要(英) A novel micro-aspheric blazed grating integrated with high-efficiency and high-resolution dispersion capability of blazed grating and nearly no aberration limit of aspheric focusing has been proposed. In this thesis, the blazed grating equation and the aspheric polynomial formula of this optical diffractive element are derived, and then the resolution mainly caused by the size of entrance slit, the capability of grating dispersion, surface aberration are discussed. With a suitable size of the entrance slit and a higher diffraction order blazed function, this diffractive element based on a fourth-order-polynomial surface can achieve an ultrahigh resolving power even in the entire infrared region. The optical element provides both meridional aspheric focusing and sagittal focusing for abnormal incident polychromatic light beam. The novel grating has been designed as an optical demultiplexer for use in dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) optical communication. The micro-aspheric blazed grating template can be made of a gray level mask by using a high-precision laser direct writer (LDW) with light intensity modulation of 1% precision. Therefore, the performance of a home-made LDW that is already to fabricate optical masks for simple diffractive elements is needed to be improved.
關鍵字(中) ★ 光柵
★ 高密度分波多工
★ 閃耀式光柵
★ 非球面
★ 雷射書寫
★ 灰階光罩
★ 像差
關鍵字(英) ★ LDW
★ aspheric
★ blazed grating
★ DWDM
★ grsting
★ gray-level mask
★ aberration
論文目次 Abstract ii
誌謝 iii
目錄 v
表 x
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 前言 1
1-2 研究動機與目的 4
1-3 文獻回顧 4
1-3-1 凹面型光柵解多工器 5
1-3-2 灰階光罩的種類 5
1-4 論文架構 7
第二章 微光柵的理論與設計 8
2-1 凹面型光柵 8
2-1-1 多項式光柵 8
2-1-2 羅倫圓 12
2-1-3 非球面 13
2-1-4 解析度分析 15
2-2 閃耀式光柵 18
2-3 DWDM微光柵的參數設計 23
第三章 雷射書寫系統及光罩 33
3-1 雷射書寫光罩 33
3-1-1 原理 33
3-1-2 雷射書寫玻璃片的種類 34
3-2 整體架構 36
3-2-1 光強調變 36
3-2-2 雷射書寫系統 36
3-2-3 性能測試 38
3-3 系統改進 39
3-3-1 USB傳輸介面 39
3-3-2 記憶體暫存 41
3-3-3 雜訊隔離 44
第四章 實驗與結果 46
4-1 灰階光罩的製作測試 46
4-2 光罩的書寫實驗結果 48
4-2-1 閃耀式光柵之灰階光罩製作 48
4-2-2 非球面之灰階光罩製作 49
4-3 改善光強穩定度 50
第五章 結論 55
參考文獻 57
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[29] 杜茂楓, 光強調變雷射書寫機之研製, 中央大學機械所碩士論文, 民國91年.
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指導教授 葉則亮、陳顯禎
(Tse-Liang Yeh、Shean-Jen Chen)
審核日期 2004-7-18
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