博碩士論文 91342024 詳細資訊




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姓名 曾文麟(Wen-lin Tseng)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 土木工程學系
論文名稱 我國公共工程契約之工程司角色與信任評估研究
(THE STUDY ON THE ROLE OF “ENGINEER”AND TRUST EVALUATION MODEL IN PUBLIC PROJECTS CONTRACT IN TAIWAN)
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摘要(中) 國內公共工程契約工程司的制度是引用自FIDIC契約範本,但從民國60-80年代僅部分工程專責機關採用,到民國九十年起由主管機關制訂契約範本提供各工程機關運用,工程司角色始終無法被清楚定位。本研究嘗試分析在國內「工程司」制度下,「工程司」與其他參與成員間的相互關係、權責區分、法律授權基礎及執行現況,並以工程司制度所衍生信任問題,建立適用施工專案的信任評估模式,以了解組織間各參與角色間的信任變化,並適時提出預警及改善管控。
本研究經由文獻蒐集分析、專家訪談、問卷調查等程序,並以法律角度分析參與者關係架構,以信任相關理論建立信任評估模式,最後得到之結論主要有:(1) 工程司角色若不具第三人地位時,應與承攬人立於公平地位,而不應以裁判者或準仲裁者自居;(2)工程司與專案管理廠商最大不同處,在於工程司可被授與公權力管轄事項決定之權限,專案管理廠商則不行;(3)本研究建立的「公共工程施工契約中各參與成員之工作項目與權責區分關係表」,可釐清參與成員間之權責關係; (4)本研究建立的「信任評估模式」雛形,經實際案例驗證,可快速、有效進行信任管理、改善。
摘要(英) One major difference between FIDIC conditions for construction contracts and conventional conditions in domestic construction contracts in Taiwan is that the Engineer is employed in FIDIC contracts. As the “Engineer” is not a contracting party, but is authorized to manage the contract, the structure of relationship between the “Engineer” and other participants in the contract is often difficult to distinguish. This study explores the structure of relationship among the participants and the “Engineer” from legal point of view and tries to make some clarification. In addition, in order to solve the Engineer role’’s trust problem derived, try to construct the trust model of the public project suitably and evaluate to each participates in the trust among the roles in public project.
This study, through expert interview, comprehensive questionnaires, and collection of viewpoints of clients, contractors, and architects/engineers (A/Es), involved in public construction projects employing the Engineer role between 2003 and 2006. Some conclusions can be made as the followings:
(1) The “Engineer”, substituting the client entity, carries out the task of managing construction contract will become a future trend.
(2) The conflict of professional status between the “Engineer” and the full-time engineering staff of contractors could be resolved by improving the legal position of the “Engineer” and by implementing the principle of balanced power and responsibility of the “Engineer” through the contract terms.
(3) A table maps out the responsibilities of each party in a public works contract is derived in this study and can be a reference if any public entity adopts the “Engineer” in it construction contract.
(4)A trust model is proposed to conduct a trust evaluation for public entities to the engineer, the engineer to contractor, and contractor to the engineer. The trust model was verified to enhance the trust management.
關鍵字(中) ★ 契約
★ 工程司
★ 專業營建管理
★ 公共工程
★ 信任
關鍵字(英) ★ trust
★ public works
★ contract
★ PCM
論文目次 中文摘要…………………………………………………………………. …... i
英文摘要…………………………………………………………………. ….. ii
誌謝…………………………………………………………………. ……….. iv
目錄…………………………………………………………………. ……….. v
圖目錄…………………………………………………………………. …….. ix
表目錄…………………………………………………………………. ……... x
第一章 前言…………………………………………………………………. 1
1.1 研究背景及動機….……………………………………………….. 1
1.2 研究目的………………………………………………….............. 5
1.3 研究範圍…………………………………………………………… 6
1.4 研究方法及工具…………………………………………………... 8
1.5 研究架構及流程…………………………………………………... 12
1.5.1 研究流程…………………………………………………….. 12
1.5.2 本文各章節架構說明……………………………………… 15
1.6 預期研究成果……………………………………………………... 16
第二章 組織間信任關係之文獻回顧………………………………………. 19
2.1 組織團隊與伙伴信任的定義………………………………………. 19
2.1.1 組織團隊與伙伴關係的定義……………………………….. 20
2.1.2 信任的定義………………………………………………….. 21
2.2 信任的類別…………………………………………………………. 24
2.2.1 以信任的對象作分類……………………………………….. 24
2.2.2 以信任的基礎作分類……………………………………….. 25
2.3 組織信任的演進過程………………………………………………. 29
2.4 信任的效果…………………………………………………………. 33
2.5專案信任風險………………….…………………………………..... 34
2.5.1 風險評估方法…………….………………….……………… 34
2.5.2 失效模式與效應分析……………………………………….. 35
2.5.3 風險矩陣…………………………………………………….. 41
第三章 工程司制度探討……………………………………………………. 43
3.1 國外「工程司」制度分析……….………………………………..... 43
3.1.1 FIDIC合約的沿革…………………………………………. 43
3.1.2 FIDIC工程司角色…………………………………………. 43
3.1.3 FIDIC契約於中國大陸應用實例…………………………. 47
3.2 國內「工程司」制度分析……………………………………………. 54
3.2.1 國內營造施工契約「工程司」之由來及發展現況………… 54
3.2.2 國內營造施工契約有關「工程司」規定之差異…………… 56
3.2.3 國內外工程司制度比較…………………………………….. 62
3.3 公共工程施工契約工程司之法律關係……………………………. 65
3.3.1 公共工程契約之法律性質…………………………………. 65
3.3.2 傳統公共工程施工契約當事人之關係架構………………. 66
3.3.3 工程司施工契約主要參與成員之關係分析………………. 70
3.3.3.1 工程司與定作人之法律關係……………………….. 70
3.3.3.2 工程司與承攬人之關係…………………………….. 74
3.3.3.3 工程司與監造者之關係…………………………….. 74
3.3.3.4 工程司與設計者之關係…………………………… 76
3.3.3.5 工程司與專案管理廠商…………………………… 77
3.3.4 工程司施工契約組織成員之權責分析…………………… 80
3.4 主辦機關對工程司之授權行為探討….…………………………… 88
3.4.1 私法上的授權行為………..………………………………… 88
3.4.1.1 委任關係之授權性質……………………………… 88
3.4.1.2 工程司職權之授權性質…………………………… 89
3.4.2 公法上的授權行為………..………………………………… 91
3.4.2.1 授權行為之公法性質……………………………… 91
3.4.2.2 主辦機關授與工程司職權之公法性質…………… 93
3.4.3 工程司職權委託性質探討..………………………………… 94
3.4.3.1 主辦機關授與工程司權限之依據………………….. 94
3.4.3.2 工程司職權委託之分析…………………………….. 95
3.5 工程司國內執行現況訪談及問卷調查結果………………………. 98
3.5.1 訪談意見..…………………………………………………… 98
3.5.2 問卷調查對象 ..…..………………………………………… 99
3.5.3 問卷基本資料說明..………………………………………… 100
3.5.4 問卷工程司公正獨立性問題分析………………………….. 101
3.6本章結論....………………………………………………………….. 111
第四章 信任評估因子分析…………………………………………………. 115
4.1 本研究信任評估模式建置原則…………………………………..... 115
4.1.1 信任因子建置原則………….………………………….…… 115
4.1.2 評估角色……….……………………………………..……... 118
4.2 信任因子決定….……………………………………….................. 122
4.2.1 計算型信任………………….………………………….…… 122
4.2.1.1 業主評估工程司的信任因子分析………………….. 122
4.2.1.2 工程司評估承包商的信任因子分析……………….. 126
4.2.1.3 承包商評估工程司的信任因子分析……………….. 129
4.2.2 關係型信任………………….………………………….…… 130
4.2.2.1 業主評估工程司的信任因子分析………………….. 131
4.2.2.2 工程司評估承包商的信任因子分析……………….. 134
4.2.2.3 承包商評估工程司的信任因子分析……………….. 137
4.2.3 制度型信任………………….………………………….…… 139
4.2.3.1 業主評估工程司的信任因子分析………………….. 140
4.2.3.2 工程司評估承包商的信任因子分析……………….. 141
4.2.3.3 承包商評估工程司的信任因子分析……………….. 142
4.3 信任因子問卷分析結果…………………………......................... 144
4.3.1 問卷基本資料說明……….………………….……………… 144
4.3.2 問卷分析方法…………….………………….……………… 146
4.3.3 信任因子因素分析結果…….………………….…………… 153
4.3.3.1 業主評估工程司的信任因子問卷分析結果..……… 156
4.3.3.2 工程司評估承包商的信任因子問卷分析結果…….. 159
4.3.3.3 承包商評估工程司的信任因子問卷分析結果…….. 162
4.3.4 信任因子權重分析結果…….………………….…………… 165
4.4 信任類型權重分析結果……………………................................ 168
第五章 信任評估模式建構…………………………………………………. 173
5.1 信任因子評量分析…..……….…………………………………..... 173
5.1.1業主對工程司信任評量表建立…………….……………….. 174
5.1.2工程司對承包商信任評量表建立…………….…………….. 189
5.1.3承包商對工程司信任評量表建立…………….…………….. 208
5.2信任感計算及信任評估矩陣建立….……………………………..... 223
5.2.1 信任感計算…………………..…………….……………….. 223
5.2.2 信任風險矩陣建立……………..…………….…………….. 228
5.2.3 信任評估模式流程……………..…………….…………….. 230
第六章信任評估案例分析…….……………………………………………... 231
6.1 專案A 信任評估模式執行分析………………………………....... 231
6.1.1 案例A基本背景資料及信任評估…………………………. 231
6.1.2 案例A信任評估結果討論…………………………………. 234
6.2 專案B 信任評估模式執行分析………..……….………………… 235
6.2.1 專案B基本背景資料及信任評估…………………………. 235
6.2.2 案例B信任評估結果討論…………………………………. 239
6.2.2.1 案例B 業主對工程司之信任改善討論……………. 241
6.2.2.2案例B 工程司對承包商之信任改善討論…………. 244
6.3 信任評估模式操作機制…………………………………………..... 249
第七章 結論與建議…………………………………………………………... 251
7.1 結論………………………………………………………………..... 251
7.2 主要研究貢獻……………………………………………………..... 254
7.3 未來研究方向………………………………………………............ 255
參考文獻………………………………………………………………………. Ⅰ- Ⅸ
附錄A 專家訪談紀錄………………………………………………………. A1- A12
附錄B 與「工程司」有關之最高法院判決案件………………………….. B1- B2
附錄C 第一次問卷調查原則及內容……………………………………..... C1- C15
附錄D 第二次問卷調查原則及內容……………………………………..... D1- D9
附錄E因素結構分析表………………………………………………………. E1- E10
附錄F 業主評估工程司之信任因子評量表………………………………. F1- F10
附錄G 工程司評估承包商之信任因子評量表……………………………. G1-G10
附錄H 承包商評估工程司之信任因子評量表……………………………. H1- H9
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38. 張益誠,「應用因子分析方法為臺灣地區建構永續發展趨勢評估指標系統」,國立臺灣大學環境工程學研究所,博士論文。
39. 張敬岳(2004),「機關委託專業營建管理代理關係之研究 - 以臺大營繕組為例」國立臺灣大學土木工程研究所,碩士論文。
40. 張紹勳(2000),研究方法,滄海書局,第130頁。
41. 游瑞榮(2000),「臺北捷運工程糾紛與仲裁之研究」,國立臺灣大學土木工程學研究所,碩士論文,臺北。
42. 傅曾文(2005),「公有建築物營造招標階段施工服務建議書評選因子序位與權重之研究」,國立高雄大學都市發展與建築研究所,碩士論文。
43. 黃俊英(1991),多變量分析,中國經濟企業研究所,四版。
44. 黃銘廷(2001),「公務人員知識分享意願、組織信任與組織文化之關係研究」,國立臺灣科技大學技術及職業教育研究所,碩士論文。
45. 葉英蕙(2000),「如何選用新版FIDIC契約」,中鼎月刊249期,第11-14頁。
46. 葉英蕙(2004),「工程契約履行擔保之研究」,碩士論文,東吳大學法律學研究所,臺北。
47. 鄧振源、曾國雄(1989),「層級分析法(AHP)的內涵特性與應用(上)(下)」,中國統計學報。
48. 黎士群(1999),「組織公平、信任與知識分享行為之關係性研究 — 以Unix 系統管理員為例」,銘傳大學管理科學研究所,碩士論文。
49. 劉志鵬(2004),「談監造工程司(工程司)之絕對權」,營造天下,第.20-26頁。
50. 鄭森鴻(2005),「公共工程施工期間業主對施工廠商管理考核機制之研究」,中華大學營建管理研究所,碩士論文。
51. 謝定亞、楊蔚(1997),「由法學觀點分析我國公共建築工程契約之法律問題」,中國土木水利工程學刊,第九卷第四期。
52. 謝定亞、楊蔚(1998),「公共建築造工程契約與法律競合關係之分析」,建築學報,第24期。
53. 謝邦昌、趙民德(2000), STATISTICA應用系列叢書(五)—多變量分析,曉園出版社,臺北。
54. 蕭江碧、杜辰生(2000),「建立建築強制責任保險制度之研究」,內政部建築研究所研究計畫成果報告,計畫編號:MOIS892041。
二、大陸文獻
1. 何伯森(2007),「工程项目管理的国际惯例」,中国建筑工业出版社,第179頁。
2. 邱闯(2000),「国际工程合同原理与实务」,北京,中国建筑工业出版社,第106-107頁。
3. 梁木森,「FIDIC条款中组织协调职能在小浪底大坝标施工管理中的实践」,西北水电,2001年第1期,第14-16頁。
4. 应昶辉,「二滩水电站机电安装合同工程计量支付和变更」,四川水力发电,23卷第1期,2004年3月,第24-25頁。
5. 叶觉明,「外国公司总承包建设工程的监理实践」,建设监理,2001年第1期,第22-24頁。
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四、網頁及其他
1. 王音辉,吸引外国公司参与中国水电工程建设的经验,中国水利学报网页,2000年第9期,http://www.cws.net.cn/Journal/slxb/20009z/18.html.
2. 张水波,FIDIC合同文本的发展与应用,中国项目管理资源网页,2007年5月9日http://www.leadge.com/djnews/news//20079514336.htm.
3. 中国水利工程网页,http://www.slsdgc.com.cn/water/theme1/company/xiaold_xmgl.html.
4. 北京市科学技术委员会网页,http://www.bjkw.gov.cn/n1143/n1240/n1465/n2261/n14653/428225.html.
5. 中国土木工程学会网页,http://www.cces.net.cn/ztyj/gcdj1-15.htm.
6. 黄河小浪底水利枢纽工程,中国水利工程网页,http://www.slsdgc.com.cn/water/theme1/company/xiaold_xmgl.html
7. 百度百科网页,http://baike.baidu.com/view/195405.htm?func=retitle.
8. Bateson, David (2000)” FIDIC - New 1999 Edition of the Red Book: Impartiality of the Engineer”, http://www.fidic.org.
9. Egan, John (1998) ”Rethinking Construction” report, http://www.rethinkingconstruction.org/rc/publications/reports.asp.
10. Langer, Von Holger LL.M. (2000) “International Construction Contracts and Arbitration”, http://www.ganz-recht.de/print/stlehreP/constr01.htm.
11. University of Salford and the Centre for Construction Innovation. (2002) “Trust in construction: Achieving cultural change”, available from http://www.scpm.salford.ac.uk/trust/.
12. 鈴木順二郎、牧野鐵治 (1998),「FMEA.FTA實施法」,日科技連出版社。
指導教授 李建中(John Chien-Chung Li) 審核日期 2009-4-18
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